Communist China

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Communist China

  1. 1. Communist China Objective: Cover life in communist China
  2. 2. Bell Work <ul><li>What country was unsuccessful in a 1968 revolt against the Soviet Union? </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chairman Mao <ul><li>1945 China had two governments </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist led by Chiang Kai-shek </li></ul><ul><li>Communist led by Mao Zedong </li></ul><ul><li>After Civil War communist won </li></ul>
  4. 4. Communist China
  5. 5. The Communist Way <ul><li>1955 started to build socialist society </li></ul><ul><li>Private farms were seized </li></ul><ul><li>Private industry and commerce were taken over by the government </li></ul><ul><li>1958 Mao introduced “Great Leap Forward” and starved millions </li></ul><ul><li>Program was abandoned in 1960 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Classless Society <ul><li>Mao believed only a permanent revolution would produce final stage of communism </li></ul><ul><li>Starts Great Proletarian Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Forms Red Guard to eliminate the old way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Red Guard target those who didn’t agree with Mao (intellectuals, artists, pro-western people) </li></ul>
  7. 7. China After Mao <ul><li>Mao dies in 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>New leader named Xiaoping ends revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on modernization of China </li></ul><ul><li>Standard of living improves </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other Challenges <ul><li>During 1980’s Chinese student began to study aboard </li></ul><ul><li>Western society reached the educated people in China </li></ul><ul><li>Calls for democracy begin </li></ul><ul><li>In 1989 students stage protests in Tiananmen Square in Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>They called for the end of the communist party </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other Challenges <ul><li>The protests were crushed by communist tanks and troops </li></ul><ul><li>Over 5,000 are killed many others put in prison </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1990’s China’s human rights violations and desire to reclaim Taiwan have strained relations with the U.S. </li></ul>
  10. 10. China’s Attempt at Reform

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