9 Justice For All


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9 Justice For All

  1. 1. Justice for All The Judicial Branch Objective: Analyze the role of the Judicial Branch in the Federal Government How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Has fewer workers than the other branches </li></ul><ul><li>This branch makes important decisions that have a long-lasting effect on the nation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Federal Court System <ul><li>The Constitution established only one court for the nation the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>It gave congress the power to establish lower federal courts </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1789 Congress created several different kinds of courts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Federal Court System <ul><li>District Courts- are trial courts that hears evidence about crimes against the federal government </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Appeal- decide whether or not District courts followed due process </li></ul><ul><li>There are 11 Courts of Appeals in the country </li></ul>
  5. 5. Federal Court System <ul><li>Decisions made by the Court of Appeals is final unless it is appealed to the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land </li></ul><ul><li>It can over turn any lower court; Supreme Court decisions are final and can not be appealed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Federal Court System <ul><li>Judges in District Courts, Court of Appeal, and Supreme Court are allowed to serve for life </li></ul><ul><li>This is done so judges don’t have to worry about whether they will please or anger voters </li></ul>
  7. 7. Supreme Court at Work <ul><li>Nine judges decide the cases of the United States Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>The head of the Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court works from October to June </li></ul>
  8. 8. Supreme Court at Work <ul><li>Out of the 4500 cases submitted to the court only 200 will be heard </li></ul><ul><li>They only chose the most important cases </li></ul><ul><li>Each Justice studies the case and then they vote on a decision </li></ul>
  9. 9. Supreme Court at Work <ul><li>There are four decisions the Supreme Court can make </li></ul><ul><li>1. Decide whether laws passed by Congress are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>2. Decide whether State laws are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>3. Decide if the President’s actions are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>4. Decide how to settle problems between states </li></ul>
  10. 10. Judicial Review <ul><li>Allows The Supreme Court to overturn any law that it decides is unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1803 the Court has overturn more than 100 hundred laws </li></ul>