8.4 The Executive Office


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8.4 The Executive Office

  1. 1. Executive Branch At Work Objective: What: Conduct a detailed analysis of the executive branch How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Organization of the Executive Branch <ul><li>The President leads the nation’s largest branch of government </li></ul><ul><li>The Branch is divided into three parts: the Executive Office of the President, Executive Departments, and Independent Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 3 million people work in the Executive Branch </li></ul>
  3. 3. Organization of the Executive Branch <ul><li>The White House Staff and several important councils form the Office of the President </li></ul><ul><li>1,500 members work closely with the President </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of lawyers, expert advisors, and speech writers </li></ul><ul><li>The President's Chief of Staff manages the White House Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Other members include the Deputy Chief of Staff, White House counsel, and Press Secretary </li></ul>
  4. 4. Duties of White House Staff <ul><li>One task is to gather information and provide advice on key issues </li></ul><ul><li>The staff is made up of policy specialists in specific areas such as foreign affairs or energy </li></ul><ul><li>Some are political strategists who are concerned with the political impact of policy decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Top staff members act as enforcers making sure others departments and agencies carry out key directives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Office of Management and Budget <ul><li>Is the largest office in the EOP </li></ul><ul><li>It helps the President plan the annual budget for the nation </li></ul><ul><li>OMB’s budget indicates what programs the federal government will pay for </li></ul><ul><li>All executive agencies must submit budgets to the OMB for review before being added to the Presidential Budget </li></ul>
  6. 6. Office of Management and Budget <ul><li>To challenge an OMB recommendation, an agency director must appeal directly to the president or top advisor </li></ul><ul><li>OMB also reviews all legislative proposals executive agencies prepare to send to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>This is done to ensure nothing conflicts with the President’s policy objectives </li></ul>
  7. 7. The National Security Council <ul><li>Advises the President on matters about national security and foreign relations </li></ul><ul><li>The president, vice-president, Sec. State, Sec. Defense are on the council </li></ul><ul><li>The president may also request the Director of the CIA and or the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to be apart of the council </li></ul>
  8. 8. The National Security Council <ul><li>The head of the staff is called the National Security Advisor </li></ul><ul><li>NSC importance can vary from president to president </li></ul><ul><li>Some relied heavily on NSC while others tended to ignore it </li></ul><ul><li>During Reagan’s presidency the NSC ran a secret operation to sell arms to Iran to secure the release of hostages and to finance anti-communist operations in Central America </li></ul>
  9. 9. Council of Economic Advisers <ul><li>Advisers help the president formulate the nation’s economic policy </li></ul><ul><li>It is made up of about 60 economists, lawyers, and political scientists </li></ul><ul><li>It assesses the nation’s economic health, predicts future economic conditions, and aids other agencies involved in economic planning </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other EOP Agencies <ul><li>Domestic Policy Council: helps the president carry out plans involving domestic areas like farming and energy </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Environmental Policy: advises the president on environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Science and Technology Policy: advises the president on all scientific and technological matters </li></ul>