6.2 The Civil War


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6.2 The Civil War

  1. 1. The Civil War Objective: Analyze the out break of hostilities between the states and its effect on the nation
  2. 2. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Abraham Lincoln runs for President </li></ul><ul><li>Very unpopular in the south for stance on slavery and tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>South threatens to secede if he wins </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln wins by receiving majority vote none are from the south </li></ul>
  3. 3. The South Secedes <ul><li>Dec. 1860 South Carolina leaves the Union </li></ul><ul><li>By March six other states join South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>These States become the Confederate States of America </li></ul><ul><li>They elect Jefferson Davis as President </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fort Sumter <ul><li>Fort Sumter S.C. is held by the Union </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates ask Lincoln to surrender the fort </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln says no and sends ships to resupply the fort. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates consider that and act of war and attack Fort Sumter </li></ul>
  5. 5. North and South Advantages <ul><li>4 to 1 soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Larger population </li></ul><ul><li>More food, money, factories, railroads </li></ul><ul><li>South had few advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller population, less money, food, factories, railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Had Great Generals </li></ul>
  6. 6. First Battle of Bull Run <ul><li>First major battle </li></ul><ul><li>Over 30,000 union soldiers fight 22,000 Confederate soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas J. Jackson becomes a hero and wins the battle for the Confederacy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Battle of Antietam <ul><li>Bloodiest Day of the War </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands die on both sides in just one day </li></ul><ul><li>Union claims victory as Lee retreats to Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan foolishly waited 19 days before pursuing Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Europe decides not to back the confederacy </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln fires McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln now feels the time is right to act against slavery </li></ul>
  8. 8. Emancipation Proclamation <ul><li>Lincoln always thought slavery was wrong </li></ul><ul><li>After Antietam he took action </li></ul><ul><li>Granted Emancipation to all slaves in states that were in rebellion only </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery was still allowed in the union </li></ul>
  9. 9. Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Lincoln picks Mead to replace McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg is Lee’s last attempt at invading the north </li></ul><ul><li>75,000 confederates and 90,000 Union soldiers fight for three days </li></ul><ul><li>Union wins but at a heavy price </li></ul><ul><li>Mead waits too long and Lee’s Army escapes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Battle of Vicksburg <ul><li>Turning point of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Grant’s Army laid siege to city </li></ul><ul><li>Union wins full control of Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate Army now to weak to win war </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln appoints Grant commander of all Union forces </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman starts March to the Sea </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sherman’s March to the Sea <ul><li>Sherman’s Army uses total war on south (scorched earth policy) </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys everything in his path </li></ul><ul><li>Burn Atlanta to the ground and continue toward Savannah, GA on the coast </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman’s March breaks the back of the Confederacy </li></ul>
  12. 12. The War is over <ul><li>Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse </li></ul><ul><li>5 days after Lee surrenders Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth </li></ul><ul><li>Over 620,000 Americans were killed </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery was ended </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of secession was answered </li></ul>