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3.4 The Bill Of Rights And Other Amendments


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3.4 The Bill Of Rights And Other Amendments

  1. 1. Bill of Rights and other Amendments Objective: What: Understand the events that led to the establishment of the Bill of Rights How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Adding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Some people were upset that the Constitution didn’t include a Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>They felt the Constitution didn’t guarantee Americans their rights </li></ul><ul><li>Framers promised to add the Bill of Rights so the states would ratify the Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adding the Bill of Rights <ul><li>The Bill of rights was first proposed during the first meeting of Congress in 1789 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1791 ten states had ratified the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill of Rights outlined exactly what rights people have </li></ul>
  4. 4. Framers and the Bill of Rights <ul><li>Framers had three goals as they wrote the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>1. To protect the freedom of each person </li></ul><ul><li>2. To prevent abuse of power by the government </li></ul><ul><li>3. To protect people who are accused of crimes </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Five Freedoms of the 1 st Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of Religion- has two parts the establishment clause and the free exercise clause </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech (has limits!) </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the Press </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Peaceful Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to Petition the government </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2 nd Amendment <ul><li>The Right to Bear Arms </li></ul><ul><li>A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed </li></ul><ul><li>Heller vs. DC Supreme Court Case </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court said that the Second Amendment protects a pre-existing, private, individually-held right, to keep arms and to bear arms, without regard to a person’s relationship to a militia. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4 th Amendment <ul><li>Search and Arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Protects against unreasonable search </li></ul><ul><li>No warrants issued except upon probable cause </li></ul><ul><li>Support by oath that includes a description of the place and items to be seized </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fifth and Sixth Amendment <ul><li>Protects people who are accused of a crime </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot force people to testify against themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Due Process- Government must treat people fairly </li></ul><ul><li>Double Jeopardy- Can’t be tried twice for the same crime </li></ul><ul><li>Right to a fair and speedy trial </li></ul>
  9. 9. 13 th ,14 th ,and 15 th Amendments <ul><li>Were passed to end slavery and give the right to vote to African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>13 th ended slavery </li></ul><ul><li>14 th all people born here are citizens and all people are equal under the law </li></ul><ul><li>15 th gave African Americans the right to vote </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Amendment <ul><li>19 th Gave women the right to vote in 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>22 nd limited the number of terms a person can be President (1951) </li></ul><ul><li>26 th lowered the age to vote from 21 to 18 (1971) </li></ul>