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3.2 War For Independence

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3.2 War For Independence

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the events of the American Revolution by guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. <ul><li>Delegates meet in Philadelphia and call for a Continental Army of 20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Sent the king a petition for peace that was refused by the king </li></ul><ul><li>Send Ben Franklin to Paris to ask the French for help </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Delegates explain their reasons for independence </li></ul><ul><li>“ All men are created equal with inalienable rights” </li></ul><ul><li>Asked Thomas Jefferson to write most of it </li></ul><ul><li>Used enlightenment ideas of John Locke </li></ul><ul><li>That government gets its authority from the people </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Written by Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>Called King George the Royal Brute of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Convince many Americans they should be free from Britain </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is ridiculous and against natural law for an island to rule a continent” </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>John Adams worried that the war would remain New England’s war unless a Southern took command and unified the country </li></ul><ul><li>Congress decided George Washington would led the new army </li></ul><ul><li>Washington was an experience veteran of the French and Indian war </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>During the course of the War, Washington received little support from Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Despite an untrained army and no money Washington maintains order through defeat, freezing winters, and starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Washington also manages to achieve key victories against a better trained and equipped British army </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Avoid major battles with the British </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprise tactics (ambush) and familiar terrain to their advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Drag the war out in hopes the British will lose the will to fight </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Surprise victory is the turning point of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Captures 6,000 prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>French decide to join war </li></ul><ul><li>Sends troops, ships, and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>France’s goal defeat its old enemy </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>General Cornwallis is losing the war for Britain </li></ul><ul><li>American and French forces trap Cornwallis and his army at Yorktown </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off from the sea Cornwallis surrenders to Washington after 3 months of fighting </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The war finally ended in 1783, after six years and no conclusive victories the British surrendered </li></ul><ul><li>Congress sent John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay to negotiate a peace treaty </li></ul><ul><li>British promised to remove all troops from America </li></ul><ul><li>Officially recognize the independence of America </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize that all lands east of the Mississippi River belonged to the United States </li></ul>

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