3.1 Toward Revolution


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3.1 Toward Revolution

  1. 1. Toward Revolution Objective analyze the events leading to the start of the American Revolution by guided note-talking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. French and Indian War (1754) <ul><li>French settled West of the Appalachian Mountains in the Ohio Valley </li></ul><ul><li>English settled on the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>English begin to move into the Ohio Valley the French and Indians attack </li></ul>
  3. 3. French and Indian War (1763) <ul><li>French Surrendered </li></ul><ul><li>Sign Treaty of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>France loses all its land in North America </li></ul><ul><li>Spain French Ally loses Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Everything east of the Mississippi is now English </li></ul>
  4. 4. Problems after the War <ul><li>King George III writes the Proclamation of 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>Stop settlers from moving west into the Ohio Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Something for which they fought and died for during the war </li></ul><ul><li>This angered many Americans </li></ul>
  5. 5. Problems after the War <ul><li>Parliament begins to pass more taxes (Sugar Act, Stamp Act) </li></ul><ul><li>England needed money to pay for the war </li></ul><ul><li>Colonist believed Parliament had no right to pass taxes </li></ul><ul><li>“ No Taxation without representation” </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament disagrees </li></ul><ul><li>American’s begin to unite </li></ul>
  6. 6. Coming of the Revolution <ul><li>Colonist began to think of themselves as more American then British </li></ul><ul><li>Form groups like the Sons of Liberty </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to boycott English goods </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott hurts the English and Parliament repeals some laws </li></ul><ul><li>Other Americans turn to violence </li></ul>
  7. 7. Boston Massacre (1770) <ul><li>A group of men and boys throw snowballs at British soldiers in Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers response by opening fire </li></ul><ul><li>Killing five colonist </li></ul><ul><li>A Sketch was made and spreads to the other colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Turns many Americans against the king </li></ul>
  8. 8. Boston Tea Party (1773) <ul><li>British pass Tea Act </li></ul><ul><li>Sam Adams plans the Boston Tea Party </li></ul><ul><li>Sneaks aboard a British ship and dumps 342 chests of tea overboard </li></ul><ul><li>King is furious </li></ul><ul><li>Closes Boston Harbor until tea is paid for </li></ul><ul><li>Americans call this the Intolerable Acts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Colonies Prepare for War <ul><li>56 leaders meet in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>First Continental Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Called for a halt in trade with England </li></ul><ul><li>Decide each colony would raise a militia </li></ul><ul><li>Would meet again in May 1775 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Shot Heard Around The World <ul><li>April 1775 700 British soldiers march toward Concord </li></ul><ul><li>At Lexington they encounter 70 American Minutemen </li></ul><ul><li>Words were exchanged and a shot fired </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving 8 Americans dead </li></ul><ul><li>As the British continued to march they were attacked along the way </li></ul><ul><li>273 British and 88 Americans died by the time the British made it back to Boston </li></ul>