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25 The Reagan And Bush Years


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25 The Reagan And Bush Years

  1. 1. The Reagan and Bush Years Objective: Analyze the presidency and domestic policies of Reagan and Bush
  2. 2. President Ronald Reagan <ul><li>President 1980-1988 </li></ul><ul><li>His major goal was to reduce the size of the Federal government by cutting programs </li></ul><ul><li>Won the support of the “Silent Majority” of conservative Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Was known as the “Great Communicator” </li></ul><ul><li>Vowed to never negotiate with terrorist </li></ul><ul><li>Credited with restoring pride in America </li></ul>
  3. 3. End of the Cold WAR <ul><li>Reagan spent billions on Defense to bring the Soviets to the negotiation table </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev comes to power </li></ul><ul><li>Reagan uses SDI ( Strategic Defense Initiative) to break the back of the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev begins to make reforms in the Soviet Union (USSR) called Glasnost (openness) and Perestroika (ownership of private business) </li></ul><ul><li>Within a few years the Soviet Union (USSR)would collapse and cease to exist </li></ul>
  4. 4. Civil Wars in Central America <ul><li>US moves to stop communism in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Invades Grenada to crush a communist uprising </li></ul><ul><li>Gives aid to El Salvador and Nicaraguan freedom fighters (Contras) to fight against communism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Iran-Contra Scandal <ul><li>A Congressional investigation into unlawful conduct by the Office of the President </li></ul><ul><li>7 American hostages were being held in Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>CIA secretly sells weapons to Iran to release the hostages and uses profits to support Contras in their fight against communism in Central America </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Bush Presidency <ul><li>President 1989-1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Liberated Kuwait </li></ul><ul><li>Saw the Berlin Wall collapse and freedom spread across Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>After the Cold War ended money was slashed from the military and shifted towards domestic programs </li></ul>
  7. 7. Persian Gulf War <ul><li>August of 1990 Saddam invades Kuwait </li></ul><ul><li>28 nation coalition opposes Saddam led by GHW Bush </li></ul><ul><li>Ground War lasted 4 days </li></ul><ul><li>85,000 Iraqis KIA </li></ul><ul><li>147 US KIA </li></ul><ul><li>235 Killed in accidents </li></ul><ul><li>US total 382 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Review <ul><li>This country ended communism for democracy… </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. USSR (Soviet Union) </li></ul><ul><li>Glasnost was a program used in what country? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. USSR (Soviet Union) </li></ul><ul><li>Who said “We will never negotiate with Terrorist” </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Reagan </li></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li>Who was known as the “great communicator”? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Reagan </li></ul><ul><li>Who was President when the Berlin Wall fell? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. GHW Bush </li></ul><ul><li>Who won the support of the “Silent Majority”? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Reagan </li></ul>
  10. 10. Review <ul><li>Nixon was forced to resign because of ….. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Watergate Scandal </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon was pardon by whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. President Ford </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon’s idea to help local governments was called? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Revenue sharing </li></ul><ul><li>What did John Dean tell Nixon to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Stop hush money payments to the burglars </li></ul>