24 Local Governments


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24 Local Governments

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the role local government plays in the lives of its citizens How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. <ul><li>October 17,1989 </li></ul><ul><li>An earthquake struck San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Old buildings and highways collapsed all over the city </li></ul><ul><li>City Police and Fire units swing into action rescuing people trapped in the rubble </li></ul><ul><li>Fortunately, San Francisco's government passed laws requiring new construction to be earthquake proof </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco is one of 83,000 local government </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Local governments are created by the states </li></ul><ul><li>Local governments exist to solve local problems </li></ul><ul><li>People need local governments to apply for marriage licenses; attend local schools; public libraries; and provide police and fire services </li></ul><ul><li>Governments also provide safe drinking water, electric and gas utility service </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>All states except Connecticut and Rhode Island have county governments </li></ul><ul><li>Most counties are governed by a board with five to nine members who are elected </li></ul><ul><li>County governments include elected officials, such as the sheriff and a district attorney </li></ul><ul><li>County governments pass laws that meet local needs </li></ul><ul><li>Such as tax laws to collect taxes and provide services </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>¾ of the nation’s people live in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>There are approximately 20,000 municipal (city) governments </li></ul><ul><li>A city is governed by a city charter </li></ul><ul><li>A charter is a set of guidelines the city is run by </li></ul><ul><li>Most common form of city government is a mayor-council plan which has 2 forms and a council-manager plan </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mayor and council members are elected by voters </li></ul><ul><li>The mayor has many executive powers </li></ul><ul><li>The mayor can veto bills, appoint officials, make policies, and plan budgets </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Mayor and council are elected by voters </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor has few powers </li></ul><ul><li>The council has most of the executive powers </li></ul><ul><li>Under this type of plan the council makes laws, appoints officials, plans the budget and creates policies </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Combines executive and legislative powers in five to seven commissioners </li></ul><ul><li>Each commissioner heads a specific department </li></ul><ul><li>Common departments are police, fire, public works, and parks </li></ul><ul><li>The commission system came about after Galveston Texas was wiped out by a Hurricane in 1900 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>8,000 cities have this type of government </li></ul><ul><li>Under this type of government there is a city council and a mayor with few executive powers </li></ul><ul><li>The city manager is chosen by the council and carries out the policies of the council </li></ul><ul><li>The manager also plan’s the budget, spends the money, and hires and fires city employees </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>After WWII, millions of Americans moved away from cities into nearby suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>Owning cars made it easier to commute to work </li></ul><ul><li>People moved to the suburbs for cheaper housing and a better life </li></ul><ul><li>City businesses and factories followed the people </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving the poor and needy in the cities as a result cities are forced to spend more on services for the needy </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>It is easier for people to work with local government compared to state and federal governments </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens can sign petitions to change laws as well as attending government meetings </li></ul>