23.2 Vietnam Part 2

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23.2 Vietnam Part 2

  1. 1. Vietnam Part 2 Objective: Cover the end of the Vietnam War
  2. 2. Vietnam Ground War <ul><li>The Viet-Cong used Guerilla Tactics to fight the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. used search and destroy missions and pacification programs to fight the insurgents </li></ul><ul><li>Napalm (a flaming liquid) was used to burn the enemy out of the jungle </li></ul><ul><li>Agent Orange was used to destroy the jungle and expose the enemy </li></ul>
  3. 3. TET Offensive <ul><li>Tet is a Lunar new year </li></ul><ul><li>Nationwide attacks on all major cities and military bases by Viet Cong </li></ul><ul><li>Tet offensive broke the American people’s will to fight </li></ul>
  4. 4. Election of 1968 <ul><li>Johnston refuses to run and the democratic party is in chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Republican Richard Nixon promises Americans peace with honor and wins the election </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon enacts the lottery system for the draft </li></ul><ul><li>Starts a program called Vietnamization were Vietnamese would do more of the fighting while Americans withdraw </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon tries to force the North Vietnamese to the talk by fighting a secret war in Cambodia and Laos </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anti War Protest <ul><li>Kent State Ohio during a protest 4 students are shot to death by members of the National Guard </li></ul><ul><li>College students rebel against the War and protest across the country </li></ul><ul><li>The News media begins to turn against the war </li></ul><ul><li>Many men dodge the draft and flee out of country </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ending the War <ul><li>As public opinion turns against the war </li></ul><ul><li>Congress repeals Tonkin Resolution ends Presidents power to wage war in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>1969 Nixon sends Kissinger to negotiate peace deal </li></ul><ul><li>Paris 1973 agreement reached </li></ul><ul><li>US withdraws in 2 months </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange all POWs </li></ul>
  7. 7. End of the War <ul><li>After US withdraws North invades South </li></ul><ul><li>South Vietnamese last two more years </li></ul><ul><li>Saigon Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Last American out April 30, 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1 million flee the invading communist horde </li></ul>
  8. 8. Results of War <ul><li>First war U.S. lost </li></ul><ul><li>3 million served </li></ul><ul><li>58,000 KIA </li></ul><ul><li>4,000 MIA </li></ul><ul><li>150 billion spent </li></ul><ul><li>War Powers Act passed by Congress limits President’s power to make war </li></ul><ul><li>Domino Theory was wrong </li></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li>What happen after TET? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Public opinion turned against the war </li></ul><ul><li>Four students were shot protesting the war at what college? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Kent State in Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>What is Napalm? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. A flaming liquid gel </li></ul>

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