23 State Governments


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23 State Governments

  1. 1. Objective: Understand the role of state government in the daily lives of its citizens How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. <ul><li>States have the power to establish local governments </li></ul><ul><li>They can create public schools, state courts, and pass laws to collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>States have the power to promote the health, safety, and well-being of the people </li></ul><ul><li>States can not print their own money, go to war, or make foreign treaties </li></ul><ul><li>States can not tax goods sent from one state to another </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Creates the structure of state government </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes the different types of local governments </li></ul><ul><li>Regulates the way state and local governments can raise and spend money </li></ul><ul><li>The state constitution is the supreme law of the state </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>State constitutions are similar to the U.S. Constitution in six ways </li></ul><ul><li>1. each creates a limited government </li></ul><ul><li>2. there is a separation of power into three branches </li></ul><ul><li>3. each has checks and balances </li></ul><ul><li>4. each has a bill of rights </li></ul><ul><li>5. all states have a way of adding amendments </li></ul><ul><li>6. all constitutions believe in popular sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>The power of government comes from the people </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The U.S. Constitution has fewer then 10,000 words </li></ul><ul><li>While most states constitutions are far longer </li></ul><ul><li>State constitutions are less flexible because they are written with many rules and details </li></ul><ul><li>Only 19 states have their original constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Constitution has 27 Amendments however, most states have far more </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Every state but Nebraska has a two-house legislature where laws are made </li></ul><ul><li>Every state is apportioned into districts to ensure equal representation </li></ul><ul><li>Most state legislatures follow the same steps to pass state laws </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>After bills are passed they often go to the governor to be signed into law or vetoed </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina is the only state where the governor can not veto a bill </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Governors lead the executive branch in every state </li></ul><ul><li>Governors prepare state budgets they can call up the state’s National Guard for state emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Some Governors have legislative and judicial powers </li></ul><ul><li>They can propose bills, veto laws, pardon criminals, and appoint judges </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Governors are also the chief of their party </li></ul><ul><li>As well as the chief of the state </li></ul><ul><li>Most governors are college graduates </li></ul><ul><li>More than half are lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>13 governors have been women </li></ul><ul><li>In our history 16 governors have become President </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In general there are three kinds of state courts </li></ul><ul><li>Trail courts hear evidence in criminal cases and civil cases </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Appeals decide if trail courts followed due process in criminal proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>State supreme court is the highest court in the state </li></ul><ul><li>All decisions are final unless it has something to do with the U.S. Constitution </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Unlike federal judges, most state judges are elected by voters </li></ul><ul><li>¼ of state judges are appoint by state governors </li></ul><ul><li>Finally some are appointed by state legislatures </li></ul>