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20.2 Civil Rights Movement


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20.2 Civil Rights Movement

  1. 1. Civil Rights Movement pt.2 Objective: Cover the development of the Civil Rights movement
  2. 2. Freedom Riders <ul><li>Purpose of the Freedom Riders was to test integration at bus stations and terminals across the south </li></ul><ul><li>Violence broke out in Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Where one bus was firebombed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Legal Progress <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1964 made discrimination based on race, sex, or religion illegal </li></ul><ul><li>24 th Amendment ended poll taxes in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Voting Rights Act of 1965 made it illegal to require a literacy test in order to vote </li></ul>
  4. 4. Affirmative Action <ul><li>President Johnston created Affirmative action in 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative action requires colleges and businesses to set aside positions for minorities </li></ul><ul><li>Bakke v. University of California challenged affirmative action at colleges. Result schools can not use race as the only criteria for acceptance </li></ul>
  5. 5. Other Leaders of Civil Rights <ul><li>Malcolm X was a strong leader for Civil Rights and believed Blacks should fight back when attacked </li></ul><ul><li>Other leaders stressed “Black Power” such as Black Panthers </li></ul><ul><li>Many Blacks were frustrated at the slow progress being made </li></ul><ul><li>This led to race riots in major cities </li></ul>
  6. 6. King Assassination <ul><li>King was shot on a hotel balcony by James Earl Ray </li></ul><ul><li>After Dr. King was assassinated riots spread to over 100 cities </li></ul><ul><li>By 1970 the Civil Rights movement had achieved many of its goals </li></ul>
  7. 7. Review <ul><li>Who organized a march on Washington to protest discrimination? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. A. Philip Randolph </li></ul><ul><li>The plan to rebuild Europe after WWII was called? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Marshall Plan </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of the United Nations? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To maintain international peace </li></ul>
  8. 8. Review <ul><li>Where did President Eisenhower used troops to integrate a high school? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Little Rock, Arkansas </li></ul><ul><li>What person believed blacks should fight back when attacked? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Malcolm X </li></ul><ul><li>Who coined the phrase Iron Curtain? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Churchill </li></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li>Who established the Back to Africa movement? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Marcus Garvey </li></ul><ul><li>This organization was started as a result of the Palmer Raids. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. ACLU </li></ul><ul><li>Who was greatly affected by the Dust Bowl? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance refers mainly to? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Black Literary movement </li></ul>