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20.1 Civil Rights

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20.1 Civil Rights

  1. 1. Civil Rights Movement Objective: Cover the development of the Civil Rights movement
  2. 2. Segregation After the Civil War enslaved Blacks were freed The 13th , 14th , and 15th Amendments freed slaves and gave them equal rights After reconstruction the south enacts Jim Crow Laws to separate Whites and Blacks 1896 Supreme Court Decision of Plessy v. Ferguson protected segregation by saying separate but equal was o.k.
  3. 3. Goals of Civil Rights Movement • Civil rights movement began in the 1950’s • 1st goal was to end segregation by calling for integration • 2nd goal better economic opportunities for Blacks
  4. 4. Brown v. Board of Education In 1954 the Supreme Court ended segregation in schools Linda Brown wanted to attend a white elementary school near her home Brown overturned Plessy v. Ferguson  But some state governments refused to follow Brown
  5. 5. Little Rock Nine • Central High School in Little rock Arkansas becomes a battle ground for integration • Nine Black Students try to attend an all white high school • The governor refuses to integrate the school and sends guards to stop the students • President Eisenhower sends 1,000 soldiers to protect the Little Rock Nine
  6. 6. Montgomery Bus Boycott • Dec. 1953 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus • Rosa was removed from the bus and arrested • Dr. Martin Luther King organized a bus boycott • In Nov. 1956 Supreme Court ruled that segregation on public transportation was illegal
  7. 7. Martin Luther King Jr. • Believed in nonviolent resistance • Led protests to end segregation in Birmingham Alabama • In 1963 led 250,000 on a march in Washington D.C. gave the “I have a Dream Speech”
  8. 8. Review • This ruling ended segregation in schools • Ans. Brown vs. Board of Education • What person believed in non-violent resistance? • Ans. Martin Luther King • The “I have a dream” speech was giving where? • Ans. Washington D.C.
  9. 9. Review • Where did President Eisenhower used troops to integrate a high school? • Ans. Little Rock, Arkansas • What person believed blacks should fight back when attacked? • Ans. Malcolm X • Who coined the phrase Iron Curtain? • Ans. Churchill
  10. 10. Review • Where did President Eisenhower used troops to integrate a high school? • Ans. Little Rock, Arkansas • What person believed blacks should fight back when attacked? • Ans. Malcolm X • Who coined the phrase Iron Curtain? • Ans. Churchill

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