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2 The Earliest Americans


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Published in: News & Politics
  • nice
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  • Mr.Rogers you fail lol.
    You forgot to put B.C. after 20,000 to 50,000
    on the second slide xD ...sorry i was bored P:
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2 The Earliest Americans

  1. 1. The First Americans
  2. 2. In the beginning <ul><li>Archaeologists believe people first came to America 20,000 to 50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Crossed the land bridge at the Bearing Sea </li></ul><ul><li>First Americans had no written records </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeologists dig to find artifacts (tools, weapons, bones, etc..) to learn about ancient people </li></ul>
  3. 3. South Western Natives <ul><li>Between 8,000 and 5,000 B.C. agriculture developed </li></ul><ul><li>Natives gave up their nomadic lifestyle and started to settle in one place </li></ul><ul><li>Having a dependable food supply led to a population explosion and more time for developing socially, and politically </li></ul>
  4. 4. South Western Natives <ul><li>The Anasazi was one of the first civilizations to develop in the southwest </li></ul><ul><li>They built huge apartment complexes along cliffs </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s descendants include Zuni, Hopi, and Pueblo </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mound Builders <ul><li>Lived near Ohio and Mississippi rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Built mounds sometimes 50 ft high </li></ul><ul><li>Found pearls from Pacific suggest they were excellent traders </li></ul><ul><li>Moundbuilders were brilliant metalworkers and sculptors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Iroquois Nation <ul><li>Settled in the north eastern forests </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter, Gatherers, farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Corn, beans, and squash </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in long houses </li></ul><ul><li>A 5 nation alliance called the League of the Iroquois </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquois’s ideas of government influence American Government </li></ul>
  7. 7. Great Plains Native <ul><li>Dakota, Blackfeet, and Crow used buffalo as a source of food, clothing and shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic life was tough following the buffalo herds </li></ul><ul><li>The Great plains are flat and treeless </li></ul><ul><li>Hunted buffalo to survive without horses </li></ul>
  8. 8. North West Natives <ul><li>Food was plentiful </li></ul><ul><li>Fish from the ocean, animals and nuts and berries from the forest </li></ul><ul><li>Used wood in many ways </li></ul><ul><li>Built sturdy multi-family dwellings along narrow beaches or river shores </li></ul><ul><li>Travel by water was common, craftsmen built sea-worthy canoes from hollowed-out logs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Three Worlds Meet <ul><li>In 1492 Columbus lands at Hispaniola (Haiti) and claimed he had found a shortcut to India </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus died believing he had found the western passage </li></ul><ul><li>The first Europeans, Vikings arrived in America 500 years earlier </li></ul>
  10. 10. Early Portuguese Dominance <ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator, rounds West Africa capturing a direct trade in gold and enslaved persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, the Portuguese sailed all the way around Africa and onward to India and Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Two new inventions helped the quadrant, and the Lateen-rigged caravel </li></ul>