17.2&3 The Uneasy Peace Part 2

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  • The Communists were forced to abandon their urban bases and fled to the countryside. There, the Nationalist forces (aided and abetted by German 'advisors') tried to hunt them down, and in the words (more or less) of Chiang, "eliminate the cancer of Communism." In 1934, the Nationalists were closing in on the Communist positions, when, under the cover of night, the Communists broke out and started running. They didn't stop for a year. This was the Long March. When the Communists started, they had 100,000 people. A year later, when they finally stopped, they had traveled 6,000 miles, and were down to between four to eight thousand people.
  • 17.2&3 The Uneasy Peace Part 2

    1. 1. The Uneasy Peace Part 2 Objective: Analyze the events that lead to the start of the Cold War
    2. 2. NATO <ul><li>Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Formed for protection against Soviet aggression </li></ul><ul><li>If one nation is attack all NATO countries declare war against aggressors </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets form Warsaw Pact in response to NATO </li></ul>
    3. 3. Chinese History <ul><li>1945 Mao Zedong comes to power after civil war </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang Kai-shek is forced to escape to Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Mao takes power in 49’-50’ and establishes a communist empire </li></ul><ul><li>Mao is a Soviet Ally </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Korean War <ul><li>After WWII Korea divided North and South </li></ul><ul><li>1950 NK forces attack South </li></ul><ul><li>American General MacArthur led UN force during war </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur wanted to nuke the Chinese along North Korean border and then criticized the President </li></ul><ul><li>Truman fires MacArthur for his public remarks </li></ul><ul><li>War stalls along 38 th parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Armistice declared </li></ul>
    5. 5. Space Race <ul><li>Cold War fuels Space Race </li></ul><ul><li>1957 Soviets send first satellite into space Sputnik </li></ul><ul><li>This starts space race between U.S. and Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>1969 US wins by sending first man to the moon </li></ul>
    6. 6. Central Intelligence Agency <ul><li>Created by Truman in 1947 with the passage National Security Act </li></ul><ul><li>CIA’s mission is to gather intelligence and conduct covert operations in foreign countries </li></ul><ul><li>The CIA conducted operations around the world during the 50’s & 60’s </li></ul><ul><li>Including Egypt, Iran, Cuba, and Vietnam </li></ul>
    7. 7. Bay of Pigs <ul><li>Kennedy allowed CIA to secretly plan an invasion of Cuba using Cuban refugees </li></ul><ul><li>The invasion occurred at the Bay of Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>CIA failed to provide air support and the refugees were quickly killed </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy was harshly criticized for the attack </li></ul>
    8. 8. Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>1959 Fidel Castro takes over Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets try to put nuclear missiles in Cuba to reach USA </li></ul><ul><li>Cuba only 90 miles away from Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy demands removal </li></ul><ul><li>Starts naval blockade </li></ul><ul><li>13 days after start Soviets back down </li></ul>
    9. 9. Review <ul><li>Why was NATO formed? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To stop communist aggression with alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Truman fired this General for publicly criticizing him. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Gen. MacArthur </li></ul><ul><li>Who coined the phrase Iron Curtain? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Churchill </li></ul>
    10. 10. Review <ul><li>The plan to rebuild Europe after WWII was called? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Marshall Plan </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of the United Nations? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To maintain international peace </li></ul>

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