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17.2&3 The Uneasy Peace Part 2

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17.2&3 The Uneasy Peace Part 2

  1. 1. The Uneasy Peace Part 2 Objective: Analyze the events that lead to the start of the Cold War
  2. 2. NATO <ul><li>Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Formed for protection against Soviet aggression </li></ul><ul><li>If one nation is attack all NATO countries declare war against aggressors </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets form Warsaw Pact in response to NATO </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chinese History <ul><li>1945 Mao Zedong comes to power after civil war </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang Kai-shek is forced to escape to Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Mao takes power in 49’-50’ and establishes a communist empire </li></ul><ul><li>Mao is a Soviet Ally </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Korean War <ul><li>After WWII Korea divided North and South </li></ul><ul><li>1950 NK forces attack South </li></ul><ul><li>American General MacArthur led UN force during war </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur wanted to nuke the Chinese along North Korean border and then criticized the President </li></ul><ul><li>Truman fires MacArthur for his public remarks </li></ul><ul><li>War stalls along 38 th parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Armistice declared </li></ul>
  5. 5. Space Race <ul><li>Cold War fuels Space Race </li></ul><ul><li>1957 Soviets send first satellite into space Sputnik </li></ul><ul><li>This starts space race between U.S. and Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>1969 US wins by sending first man to the moon </li></ul>
  6. 6. Central Intelligence Agency <ul><li>Created by Truman in 1947 with the passage National Security Act </li></ul><ul><li>CIA’s mission is to gather intelligence and conduct covert operations in foreign countries </li></ul><ul><li>The CIA conducted operations around the world during the 50’s & 60’s </li></ul><ul><li>Including Egypt, Iran, Cuba, and Vietnam </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bay of Pigs <ul><li>Kennedy allowed CIA to secretly plan an invasion of Cuba using Cuban refugees </li></ul><ul><li>The invasion occurred at the Bay of Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>CIA failed to provide air support and the refugees were quickly killed </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy was harshly criticized for the attack </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>1959 Fidel Castro takes over Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets try to put nuclear missiles in Cuba to reach USA </li></ul><ul><li>Cuba only 90 miles away from Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy demands removal </li></ul><ul><li>Starts naval blockade </li></ul><ul><li>13 days after start Soviets back down </li></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li>Why was NATO formed? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To stop communist aggression with alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Truman fired this General for publicly criticizing him. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Gen. MacArthur </li></ul><ul><li>Who coined the phrase Iron Curtain? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Churchill </li></ul>
  10. 10. Review <ul><li>The plan to rebuild Europe after WWII was called? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Marshall Plan </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of the United Nations? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To maintain international peace </li></ul>