17 The Uneasy Peace


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17 The Uneasy Peace

  1. 1. The Uneasy Peace Objective: Analyze the events that lead to the start of the Cold War
  2. 2. <ul><li>Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Dictator </li></ul><ul><li>No elections </li></ul><ul><li>One party </li></ul><ul><li>Government owns everything </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>President </li></ul><ul><li>Free elections </li></ul><ul><li>Many parties </li></ul><ul><li>Private people own property as well as Government </li></ul>The Cold War was a war of words highlighted by philosophical differences between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
  3. 3. The Yalta Conference <ul><li>Feb. 1945 Big Three meet </li></ul><ul><li>On how to divide Europe and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>At this time Soviet forces occupy much of eastern Europe and show no sign of leaving </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin promises to hold free elections in Soviet occupied countries </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss how to deal with Japan </li></ul>
  4. 4. United Nations <ul><li>Purpose of U.N. is to maintain international peace </li></ul><ul><li>First met in 1945 with 50 members </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to NY in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Today it has 185 members </li></ul><ul><li>Meets at least once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Security Council has five permanent members </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Iron Curtain <ul><li>Stalin breaks promise to hold elections and forces eastern Europe into communism </li></ul><ul><li>Winston Churchill gives a speech in Fulton Missouri and calls Stalin’s control over eastern Europe an Iron Curtain </li></ul>
  6. 6. Truman Doctrine of Containment <ul><li>President Truman develops a policy of Containment </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. must support nations fighting to remain free from communism </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. gives aid to Greece and Turkey to fight communism </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Marshall Plan 1947 <ul><li>The U.S. primary plan to rebuild Europe and repel communism </li></ul><ul><li>The Plan was offered to USSR but they refused </li></ul><ul><li>The plan lasted 4 years and rebuilt much of Europe and prevented countries from turning to communism </li></ul><ul><li>The program spent 13 billion </li></ul>
  8. 8. Berlin Blockade <ul><li>After WWII Germany was divided into four zones </li></ul><ul><li>U.S., Britain, France combine their zones into one free zone </li></ul><ul><li>The city of Berlin is in the Soviet controlled zone </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin cuts it off from the west by closing roads and railroads from the west </li></ul><ul><li>Truman orders Berlin Airlift to carry supplies into Berlin </li></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li>Define the term Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Cold War was a war of words highlighted by philosophical differences between the U.S. and the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of the Berlin Airlift? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To bring supplies to the city because the Soviets had closed of all roads </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Iron Curtain? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. A line draw on a map dividing free and communist Europe </li></ul>
  10. 10. Review <ul><li>Who established the Back to Africa movement? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Marcus Garvey </li></ul><ul><li>This organization was started as a result of the Palmer Raids. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. ACLU </li></ul><ul><li>Who was greatly affected by the Dust Bowl? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance refers mainly to? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Black Literary movement </li></ul>