16 The Home Front


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16 The Home Front

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the effect of World War II on life in the United States
  2. 2. <ul><li>Many civilians joined the Office of Civilian Defense as Air raid wardens, spotters, coast watchers </li></ul><ul><li>The government rationed key items </li></ul><ul><li>Others grew victory gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Many collected materials for the war like paper, rubber, and metal </li></ul><ul><li>The media ran programs promoting the war in movies, news reels, books, newspapers and comics </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The National War Labor Board controlled wages and watched inflation </li></ul><ul><li>The Office of Price Administration controlled prices of goods </li></ul><ul><li>In an effort to pay for the war Congress passed the first federal income tax </li></ul><ul><li>The government also sold war bonds </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>During the war years many Americans moved around the country to find jobs </li></ul><ul><li>1.4 million people moved to the west coast </li></ul><ul><li>Many people moved from the country to the cities </li></ul><ul><li>Over population in cities and boomtowns lead to an increase to social tensions </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In June of 1943 race riots broke out in Detroit between Blacks and Whites resulting in the army being called in to restore order </li></ul><ul><li>Zoot Suit Riots- In L.A. race riots broke out between Hispanics and Whites </li></ul><ul><li>Order was restored after the Navy was confined to their base and the city outlawed Zoot suits </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The war led civil rights groups to develop new forms of protest against these injustices </li></ul><ul><li>A. Philip Randolph led the movement for African American equality </li></ul><ul><li>Randolph organized a march on Washington to protest job discrimination in the war industry </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt responded by ending discrimination in companies that receive federal contracts </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>After Pearl Harbor Japanese Americans are forced into Interment camps </li></ul><ul><li>112,000 were forced to move to the camps </li></ul><ul><li>33,000 served during war in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>442 nd Regimental Combat Team fought while their families were in interment camps </li></ul><ul><li>21 members of the 442 nd earned Medals of Honor for bravery </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Many lost everything they had including homes, farms, and businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Many had to sell everything earning as little as 5 cents on the dollar </li></ul><ul><li>People lived in dusty plywood barracks with no heating and air </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures ranged from -30 degrees in the winter to 106 degrees in the summer </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Who organized a march on Washington to protest discrimination? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. A. Philip Randolph </li></ul><ul><li>Who was forced to relocate to interment camps after Pearl Harbor? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Japanese-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Gives supplies to the Allies </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>What was the name of the strategy used to defeat the Japanese in the Pacific? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. The Allies strategy was called Island Hopping </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the Allies decide to defeat Hitler first? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. He was considered the greater threat </li></ul><ul><li>What amendment started Prohibition? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. 18 th Amendment </li></ul>