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15.3 United States At War


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15.3 United States At War

  1. 1. United States At War Objective: Analyze America at war during WWII
  2. 2. The Pacific Front <ul><li>When talks fail Japanese attack Pearl Harbor killing 2,400 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>America declares war </li></ul>
  3. 3. Life on the Home Front <ul><li>Millions of men are drafted into the military </li></ul><ul><li>Women go to work in the factories to support the war effort </li></ul><ul><li>The start of WWII ends the Great Depression in America </li></ul><ul><li>Bracero Program allows Mexican Citizens to enter U.S. to help fill farm and railroad jobs during WWII </li></ul>
  4. 4. US enters Africa <ul><li>Big Three meet in Tehran to discuss where to start fighting </li></ul><ul><li>They decide to deal with Germany first because they are the greater threat </li></ul><ul><li>British and American Troops stop Nazis in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Tide turns against Axis </li></ul><ul><li>Allies begin to invade Italian islands and Italy </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Eastern Front <ul><li>With in two years Hitler breaks the treaty with the Soviet Union and opens second front on June 22, 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted natural resources and land </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets join Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Germany captures huge amounts of land </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet army loses millions of soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>By December Germans reach Moscow and Leningrad </li></ul>
  6. 6. Europe <ul><li>Allies launched Operation Overlord (D-Day) and invade Normandy France </li></ul><ul><li>Largest invasion by sea in History </li></ul><ul><li>On the Western Front Soviets drive Germans out of Poland, Romania, and Hungary </li></ul>
  7. 8. Holocaust <ul><li>Nazis had killed six million Jews and several million other people </li></ul><ul><li>All Jews were forced to have and I.D. number tattoo on their arms </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were killed using firing squads, Gas chambers, worked to death, or burned in huge ovens </li></ul>
  8. 9. Allied Strategy in the Pacific <ul><li>The Allies strategy was called Island Hopping </li></ul><ul><li>Capture important islands and by-pass Japanese strong points </li></ul><ul><li>By Feb. 1945 Americans had won Iwo Jima by June they conquered Okinawa </li></ul><ul><li>Allies planned to use these two islands as bases to invade Japan </li></ul>
  9. 10. Truman’s Decision <ul><li>By 1945 Japan had lost most of their Asian empire </li></ul><ul><li>Truman considers Blocking Japan from getting more supplies, invading, and the bomb </li></ul><ul><li>Advisors inform Truman that 1 million Americans would be killed if the U.S. invaded Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Truman asks the Japanese to surrender and they refused </li></ul>
  10. 11. August 6, 1945 8:15 A.M <ul><li>Hiroshima 160,000 killed or wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Japan still refuses to surrender </li></ul><ul><li>3 days later Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki killing another 40,000 </li></ul>
  11. 12. Results of WWII <ul><li>WWII caused terrible destruction to Europe, Japan, China, Africa, and Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>50 million people were killed </li></ul><ul><li>After the war some Nazi leaders where put on trial in Nuremberg Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The Atomic age was started </li></ul><ul><li>Nations worked together to form the United Nations </li></ul>