Objective: Analyze the path way to citizenship; and the rights of the accused
Immigrants and Aliens <ul><li>An alien is a person who lives in a country where he or she is not a citizen </li></ul><ul><...
Classifying Aliens <ul><li>Resident Alien- has established legal permanent residence </li></ul><ul><li>Non-resident alien-...
Basis of Citizenship <ul><li>14 th  Amendment – All persons born or naturalized are citizens of the U.S. and entitled to a...
Basis of Citizenship <ul><li>Citizenship by Naturalization- must apply and meet certain requirements </li></ul><ul><li>1. ...
Responsibilities of Citizens <ul><li>Need to know their rights and laws and respect them </li></ul><ul><li>Need to vote (b...
Rights of the Accused <ul><li>4 th  Amendment- police must a warrant to enter a house except during a life- threatening em...
Rights of the Accused <ul><li>TLO vs. New Jersey- School officials do not need warrants or probable cause to search studen...
Civil Liberties <ul><li>Affirmative Action- a government policy that awards job, promotions, contracts, and school admissi...
Civil Liberties <ul><li>Sunshine Act- Some government meetings must be open to the public </li></ul><ul><li>For private me...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

14 Citizenship And Equal Justice

2,035 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,035
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
12
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

14 Citizenship And Equal Justice

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the path way to citizenship; and the rights of the accused
  2. 2. Immigrants and Aliens <ul><li>An alien is a person who lives in a country where he or she is not a citizen </li></ul><ul><li>An immigrant is a person who comes to a new country intending to live there permanently </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classifying Aliens <ul><li>Resident Alien- has established legal permanent residence </li></ul><ul><li>Non-resident alien- who is here legally for a short time </li></ul><ul><li>Enemy alien- a citizen of a nation which we are at war with </li></ul><ul><li>Refugee- a person who comes here to escape persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal alien- a person who enters the U.S. without permission </li></ul>
  4. 4. Basis of Citizenship <ul><li>14 th Amendment – All persons born or naturalized are citizens of the U.S. and entitled to all rights and immunities </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship by Birth- if you are born in the U.S. or U.S. territories you are a citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship by Birth to American parents – deals with children born to U.S. parents outside of the country </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basis of Citizenship <ul><li>Citizenship by Naturalization- must apply and meet certain requirements </li></ul><ul><li>1. Must be here legally </li></ul><ul><li>2. Be of good moral character </li></ul><ul><li>3. Declare their loyalty to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Read, write, and speak English </li></ul><ul><li>5. Have a basic knowledge of American history </li></ul>
  6. 6. Responsibilities of Citizens <ul><li>Need to know their rights and laws and respect them </li></ul><ul><li>Need to vote (be active in the political life of the country) </li></ul><ul><li>Stay informed about current events </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rights of the Accused <ul><li>4 th Amendment- police must a warrant to enter a house except during a life- threatening emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Excepts- warrantless search for ,crimes committed in police presence, and of garbage outside the house </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusionary Rule- illegally obtained evidence can be suppressed </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptions are – good faith rule, Inevitable discovery rule </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rights of the Accused <ul><li>TLO vs. New Jersey- School officials do not need warrants or probable cause to search students or their property. All that is need is reasonable suspicion to believe a school rule has been violated </li></ul><ul><li>5 th Amendment a person can not be forced to testify against themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Double Jeopardy means you can’t be tried twice for the same offense </li></ul>
  9. 9. Civil Liberties <ul><li>Affirmative Action- a government policy that awards job, promotions, contracts, and school admissions to minorities </li></ul><ul><li>U.C. vs. Bakke- states schools can not use race alone as a deciding factor for admittance </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens’ right to know – Freedom of Information Act government must provide access to public records </li></ul>
  10. 10. Civil Liberties <ul><li>Sunshine Act- Some government meetings must be open to the public </li></ul><ul><li>For private meetings government must keep a transcript of the proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens’ right to privacy- while the Constitution doesn’t spell out a right to privacy the Supreme Court as ruled it is impiled </li></ul>

×