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12 The American Labor Force

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12 The American Labor Force

  1. 1. The American Labor Force Objective: analyze the American labor force and the history unions in America
  2. 2. The Labor Force <ul><li>If your 16 or older, a citizen, and looking for work you are apart of the labor force </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the Armed Forces are not considered members of the labor force </li></ul>
  3. 3. Categories of Workers <ul><li>Blue collar- craft workers, manufacturing, nonfarm laborers </li></ul><ul><li>White collar- office workers, sales people, physicians, and engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Service workers- cooks, barbers, healthcare aides </li></ul>
  4. 4. Category of Jobs <ul><li>Unskilled workers- are those who require no specialized training </li></ul><ul><li>Semiskilled workers- are jobs that require a small amount of training like nurse aides </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled workers- trade workers masons or police officers </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals- jobs that require college degrees such as teachers, architects, and accountants </li></ul>
  5. 5. Labor Unions <ul><li>Over a hundred years ago many people worked on farms </li></ul><ul><li>Soon large factories began to appear in cities </li></ul><ul><li>At first workers were not treated well </li></ul><ul><li>They were paid low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Work conditions were unsafe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Labor Unions <ul><li>Workers responded by forming unions </li></ul><ul><li>The first union was Knights of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Members wanted an 8 hour work day </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to stop child labor </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a safer work enviroment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Collective Bargaining <ul><li>The process by which unions and employers negotiate the conditions of employment </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations- when the two sides meet to discuss the contract </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation- a neutral person tries to get both sides to reach an agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Arbitration- both sides submit the issues to a third party for a final decision </li></ul>
  8. 8. Strikes and Management <ul><li>Picketing- action of strikers who walk in front of a workplace carrying signs </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott- when unions urge the public not to buy a companies products </li></ul><ul><li>Lockouts-when management locks out the workers </li></ul><ul><li>Injunctions- When a court orders stops or prevents some activity </li></ul>
  9. 9. AFL-CIO <ul><li>Has 13 million members </li></ul><ul><li>Members enjoy sick pay, paid holidays, vacation time, and insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Workers have a right to clean and safe work area </li></ul><ul><li>In 1945 over 35 million people belong to unions </li></ul><ul><li>Today fewer than 20 million belong to a union </li></ul>
  10. 10. Review <ul><li>What are the categories of workers? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Blue, White, and Service workers </li></ul><ul><li>What are the categories of job skills? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Unskilled, Semiskilled, Skilled, and Professional </li></ul><ul><li>What are the purpose of Unions? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. To provide better working conditions for its members </li></ul>