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11 Federalism’S Other Side


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11 Federalism’S Other Side

  1. 1. Objective: Understand how state government is organized under federalism How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. The Framers <ul><li>Planned a federal government to rule the nation and separate state governments to govern each state </li></ul><ul><li>Each of the fifty states has it’s own constitution </li></ul><ul><li>All state laws must agree with the state constitution and all state constitutions must agree with the Constitution of the United States </li></ul>
  3. 3. State Constitutions <ul><li>State constitutions are similar to the U.S. Constitution in six ways </li></ul><ul><li>1. each creates a limited government </li></ul><ul><li>2. there is a separation of power into three branches </li></ul><ul><li>3. each has checks and balances </li></ul><ul><li>4. each has a bill of rights </li></ul><ul><li>5. all states have a way of adding amendments </li></ul><ul><li>6. all constitutions believe in popular sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>The power of government comes from the people </li></ul>
  4. 4. State Constitutions <ul><li>The U.S. Constitution has fewer then 10,000 words </li></ul><ul><li>While most states constitutions are far longer </li></ul><ul><li>State constitutions are less flexible because they are written with many rules and details </li></ul><ul><li>Only 19 states have their original constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Constitution has 27 Amendments however, most states have far more </li></ul>
  5. 5. Powers of the State Government <ul><li>States have the power to establish local governments </li></ul><ul><li>They can create public schools, state courts, and pass laws to collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>States have the power to promote the health, safety, and well-being of the people </li></ul><ul><li>States can not print their own money, go to war, or make foreign treaties </li></ul><ul><li>States can not tax goods sent from one state to another </li></ul>
  6. 6. State Government Serve the People <ul><li>State agencies are part of the state’s executive branch </li></ul><ul><li>They carry out the laws made by state legislatures </li></ul><ul><li>State agencies control prisons, enforce laws, educate the public </li></ul>
  7. 7. State Government Serve the People <ul><li>The education agency is the largest agency in every state </li></ul><ul><li>Education also receives the largest amount of money from the state budget </li></ul><ul><li>Education agency decides which subjects are to be taught </li></ul><ul><li>What standards must be met to graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Every state also has at least one state </li></ul><ul><li>university </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Environment <ul><li>The federal government has passed laws to control pollution </li></ul><ul><li>However, the states also pass laws to address specific issues that the federal laws failed to address </li></ul><ul><li>States can also pass laws to raise standards even higher then the federal government </li></ul><ul><li>California has some of the strictest environment laws in the country </li></ul>