Have We Got the Names "Right"?

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Delivered to Consortium of Northeastern Herbaria meeting workshop in Montreal, QC on Saturday, June 14, 2014 on use of scientific names in collections.

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  • aff = shares some affinity but is not that
    cf. = confer (read aloud as compare), similar to but not certainly identified as
  • Have We Got the Names "Right"?

    1. 1. Have We Got the Names “Right”? Why, Geekery & Logistics David P. Shorthouse
    2. 2. Cryptantha celosioides (Eastwood) Payson cock’s-comb cryptantha ©2011 Ryan Batten
    3. 3. Cryptantha nubigena var. celosioides (Eastwood) B. Boivin
    4. 4. Hemihomonyms « If two different species, genera or other taxons have the same name, this name is a homonym. Homonyms are illegal if they belong to the same code of nomenclature. If same name belongs to different codes, it is a hemihomonym (Starobogatov, 1991). »
    5. 5. Pieris spp. Pieris japonica Pieris rapae
    6. 6. Darwin Core Terms taxonID | scientificNameID | acceptedNameUsageID | parentNameUsageID | originalNameUsageID | nameAccordingToID | namePublishedInID | taxonConceptID | scientificName | acceptedNameUsage | parentNameUsage | originalNameUsage | nameAccordingTo | namePublishedIn | namePublishedInYear | higherClassification | kingdom | phylum | class | order | family | genus | subgenus | specificEpithet | infraspecificEpithet | taxonRank | verbatimTaxonRank | scientificNameAuthorship | vernacularName | nomenclaturalCode | taxonomicStatus | nomenclaturalStatus | taxonRemarks Identity, Nomenclature, Taxonomy, Taxon Concepts
    7. 7. Identification
    8. 8. scientificName « The full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the identificationQualifier term. » Coleoptera Ctenomys sociabilis Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell
    9. 9. identifiedBy « A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject. »
    10. 10. scientificNameID « An identifier for the nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a scientific name. » urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:37829-1:1.3
    11. 11. identificationQualifier « A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification. » 1. For the determination Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia, identificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. 1. For the determination Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia, identificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank.
    12. 12. genus subgenus specificEpithet subspecificEpithet scientificNameAuthorship
    13. 13. Nomenclature
    14. 14. « The status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.» nomenclaturalStatus nom. ambig., nom. illeg., nom. subnud. nomenclaturalCode
    15. 15. « A reference for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode. » namePublishedIn namePublishedInID namePublishedInYear
    16. 16. originalNameUsage « The taxon name, with authorship and date information if known, as it originally appeared when first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode. The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names. »
    17. 17. Taxonomy
    18. 18. acceptedNameUsage « The full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon. »
    19. 19. Classification higherClassification kingdom phylum class order family parentNameUsage parentNameUsageID taxonomicStatus
    20. 20. Taxon Concepts nameAccordingTo nameAccordingToID taxonConceptID class order family
    21. 21. Darwin Core Extensions Darwin Core Identification History identificationID | identifiedBy | dateIdentified | identificationReferences | identificationRemarks | identificationQualifier | identificationVerificationStatus | typeStatus | taxonID | taxonConceptID | scientificName | scientificNameID | namePublishedIn | namePublishedInYear | namePublishedInID | nameAccordingTo | nameAccordingToID | acceptedNameUsage | parentNameUsage | originalNameUsage | higherClassification | kingdom | phylum | class | order | family | genus | subgenus | specificEpithet | infraspecificEpithet | taxonRank | verbatimTaxonRank | scientificNameAuthorship | vernacularName | nomenclaturalCode | taxonomicStatus | nomenclaturalStatus | taxonRemarks
    22. 22. Where Is there More Help? TDWG Listserv Taxacom Listserv Canadensys Google Group
    23. 23. So Where/How Do We Start?
    24. 24. http://iphylo.blogspot.ca/2012/02/using-google-refine-and-taxonomic.html
    25. 25. http://www.canadensys.net/refine/
    26. 26. Let’s Get Organized…

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