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PHYSICAL EXERCISE, NUTRITION, AND STRESS 
A SOUND MIND IN A SOUND BODY-JUVENAL 
BY DEANA SHENOUDA
One of the most telling signs of stress in America is being overweight. 
Americans eat a lot more and exercise a lot less....
PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND STRESS 
*AN INCREASE IN HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE REDISTRIBUTES BLOOD 
FROM THE ABDOMINAL REGION...
TYPES OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE 
Six Components of Fitness 
▪ Cardiovascular endurance 
▪ Muscular strength and endurance 
▪ Fl...
*Cardiovascular Endurance-ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to transport oxygenated 
blood to the working mus...
CATEGORIES TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 
*ANAEROBIC-PHYSICAL MOTION INTENSE IN POWER AND STRENGTH AND SHORT IN DURATION, 
ACTIVITY...
FOUR CRITERIA MUST BE MET TO GET THE BENEFITS OF 
PHYSICAL EXERCISE 
FITT PRINCIPLE 
▪ Frequency-Number of exercise sessio...
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE: 
Lowering resting heart rate, resting blood pressure, muscle tension, and 
a host o...
NUTRITION AND 
STRESS 
Food provides necessary nutrients 
to our body and provides 
emotional pleasure to the mind. 
Altho...
Cons of food is that it serves as a pacifier to calm nerves, a popular relaxation technique 
is “comfort food”, eating as ...
Because of global conditions of soil depletion, even a healthy diet is 
considered deficient in the essential vitamins and...
Not all supplements are created equal. Check to see that the processing does not 
destroy what it is intended to promote. ...
SPIRITUAL NUTRITION 
Food affects not only the physical body, but the mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects as well. 
T...
EATING DISORDERS 
▪ Psychological effects of food cravings-people tend to 
gravitate towards food when feeling depressed o...
Recommendations for healthy eating habits: 
Change various aspects of your diet, including reducing or eliminating the con...
CONCLUSION 
▪ Exercise at least 3 times a week 
▪ Eat a well balanced diet including fresh fruits and vegetables 
▪ Avoid ...
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Physical exercise, nutrition, and stress ppp

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Physical Exercise, Nutrition, and Stress Presentation by Deana Shenouda

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Physical exercise, nutrition, and stress ppp

  1. 1. PHYSICAL EXERCISE, NUTRITION, AND STRESS A SOUND MIND IN A SOUND BODY-JUVENAL BY DEANA SHENOUDA
  2. 2. One of the most telling signs of stress in America is being overweight. Americans eat a lot more and exercise a lot less. Our lives have become rapidly paced, so our lifestyles have changed dramatically. With these dramatic changes comes various health problems such as: ▪ Cancer ▪ Diabetes ▪ Man stress related illnesses There is no quick fix for optimal health, but there are physical exercise and healthy eating habits.
  3. 3. PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND STRESS *AN INCREASE IN HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE REDISTRIBUTES BLOOD FROM THE ABDOMINAL REGION TO THE LARGE MUSCLE GROUPS *THE RELEASE OF CATECHOLAMINE'S AND STRESS HORMONES ACTIVATES THE PROCESS FOR METABOLISM OF FATS AND CARBOHYDRATES AND THESE REMAIN ELEVATED LONG ENOUGH TO ENSURE THAT MUSCLES HAVE ADEQUATE ENERGY FOR CONTRACTION. *EXERCISE PROLONGS THE STRESS RESPONSE WHILE IN MOTION, AND WHEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY STOPS, THE BODY RETURNS TO HOMEOSTASIS. IN A WELL TRAINED PERSON, THERE RATE OF RETURN IS QUICKER. THE BODIES NATURAL INCLINATION IS WHEN ITS CONFRONTED WITH STRESS, IS TO MOVE, BE ACTIVE, OR EXERCISE. REMAINING INACTIVE PUTS A LARGE AMOUNT OF STRAIN ON INTERNAL SYSTEMS. *WHEN THE BODY STAYS STILL, VARIOUS ORGANS GO INTO METABOLIC OVERDRIVE.
  4. 4. TYPES OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE Six Components of Fitness ▪ Cardiovascular endurance ▪ Muscular strength and endurance ▪ Flexibility ▪ Agility ▪ Power ▪ Balance
  5. 5. *Cardiovascular Endurance-ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to transport oxygenated blood to the working muscles for energy metabolism *Muscular Strength and Endurance-strength is the ability to exert maximal force against a resistance, endurance is the ability to sustain repeated contractions over a prolonged period of time. *Flexibility-the ability to use a muscle group throughout its entire range of motion *Agility-maneuverability and cooperation of fine and gross motor movements *Power-force times distance over time *Balance-ability to maintain equilibrium in motion.
  6. 6. CATEGORIES TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY *ANAEROBIC-PHYSICAL MOTION INTENSE IN POWER AND STRENGTH AND SHORT IN DURATION, ACTIVITY THAT IS POWERFUL AND QUICK AND DOESN’T LAST MORE THAN A FEW MINUTES, LIKE WEIGHTLIFTING. *AEROBIC-RHYTHMIC PHYSICAL WORK USING A STEADY SUPPLY OF OXYGEN FOR A CONTINUOUS PERIOD OF NOT LESS THAN 20 MINUTES, LIKE SWIMMING, RUNNING, CYCLING. ANAEROBIC EXERCISE IS IMPORTANT FOR MUSCLE STRENGTH AND TONING, BUT A GOOD EXERCISE PROGRAM SHOULD INCLUDE A BALANCE OF AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC EXERCISE ACTIVITIES TO STIMULATE CARDIOVASCULAR AND MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEMS.
  7. 7. FOUR CRITERIA MUST BE MET TO GET THE BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE FITT PRINCIPLE ▪ Frequency-Number of exercise sessions per week. Minimum number is three. ▪ Intensity-Challenge places on a specific physiological system involved in an activity ▪ Time-Duration, length of time involved in one exercise session. Minimum duration is to be 20-30 minutes. ▪ Type of Exercise-Walking, running, swimming, or weight lifting THIS IS THE ALL OR NONE PRINCIPLE Meaning that without meeting all four requirements, few, if any benefits will be gained. It takes between 6 and 8 weeks to see significant benefits in the body.
  8. 8. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE: Lowering resting heart rate, resting blood pressure, muscle tension, and a host of other functions that help maintain or regain physiological calmness. Exercise induces not only physiological changes, but various psychological changes (e.g. Runner’s high) as well. Continuous physical exercise produces both physiological homeostasis and mental homeostasis. People who get regular exercise report higher levels of self esteem and lower incidences of depression and anxiety.
  9. 9. NUTRITION AND STRESS Food provides necessary nutrients to our body and provides emotional pleasure to the mind. Although the primary purpose of food is as a source of nutrients, many people use food as a means to fill an emotional void created by stress.
  10. 10. Cons of food is that it serves as a pacifier to calm nerves, a popular relaxation technique is “comfort food”, eating as a coping technique is often abused. We eat to celebrate, to relax, out of frustration and boredom, and to satisfy our hunger. The biggest nutrition problem in the US is overconsumption. Food is high in fat and simple sugars and empty calories tend to rob the body of essential nutrients. Consequently, the body is operating under nutritional deficiency, not nutritional abundance. The body is then stressed to maintain.
  11. 11. Because of global conditions of soil depletion, even a healthy diet is considered deficient in the essential vitamins and minerals so that supplementation is encourages. A malnourished diet-one that is deficient in essential amino acids, essential fats, vitamins, and minerals-is itself a stressor on the body. Research has shown that some foods actually induce a state of stress. Excess amounts of sugar, caffeine, salt, and foods poor in vitamins and minerals weaken the body’s resistance to the stress response and may ultimately make a person more vulnerable to disease and illness.
  12. 12. Not all supplements are created equal. Check to see that the processing does not destroy what it is intended to promote. Taken in excess, supplements can do more harm than good by inhibiting the proper digestion and absorption of essential nutrients. Food you eat can either boost or suppress the immune system.
  13. 13. SPIRITUAL NUTRITION Food affects not only the physical body, but the mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects as well. The concept of spiritual nutrition suggests eating a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and grains that nurture the health of the seven primary chakras. In addition, spiritual nutrition suggests ensuring a balance in all aspects of food, including the acid/base balance. Chakras seven energy centers is believed to run from the top of the head to the base of the spine. Each of the seven energy centers is associated with a color. *red(base of spine) *orange(navel) *yellow(spleen) *green(heart) *aqua blue(throat) *indigo blue(forehead) *violet(crown)
  14. 14. EATING DISORDERS ▪ Psychological effects of food cravings-people tend to gravitate towards food when feeling depressed or lonely. ▪ Eating disorders: Anorexia: individual who restricts food intake and starves herself. The issue of starvation is centered on control. Bulimia: individual who runs through cycles of gorging and then purging. Overeating: excessive overeating may be a result of many factors, including guilt, loneliness, or nervousness. The use of food as a pacifier to calm the nerves becomes ingrained in the daily lifestyle. Are emotionally rather than physiologically based, ranging from bulimia and anorexia to overeating-all of which have serious consequences if not resolved.
  15. 15. Recommendations for healthy eating habits: Change various aspects of your diet, including reducing or eliminating the consumption of caffeine, refined sugar, sodium, and fats, to reduce the risk of stress-related problems. *Eat a well balanced diet *Eat a good breakfast and space meals evenly throughout the day *Avoid or minimize the consumption of caffeine and sugar *Eat a diet that provides adequate levels of vitamins and minerals that are potentially vulnerable to stress. *Follow the US dietary guidelines which includes: *Aim for a healthy weight *Be physically active each day *Let the MyPlate food guidance system guide your food choices *Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains *Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily. *Keep foods safe to eat. *Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat. *Choose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars. *Choose and prepare foods with less salt. *If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderations
  16. 16. CONCLUSION ▪ Exercise at least 3 times a week ▪ Eat a well balanced diet including fresh fruits and vegetables ▪ Avoid Stress Following a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and eating healthy can reduce stress and help you live a longer life.

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