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Keyboarding Instruction <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul>...
Why Teach Keyboarding? <ul><li>Preschoolers are now using the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Without instruction students deve...
Research Shows Many Benefits <ul><li>Greater gains in reading comprehension, vocabulary, word study skills, and spelling <...
What About Voice Recognition? Will It Replace Keyboarding? <ul><li>Voice recognition computers need to be programmed to re...
Additional Disadvantages <ul><li>Voice recognition is more time consuming than keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>Editing error...
Who Should Teach Keyboarding? <ul><li>Ideally keyboarding should be taught by specialists in the field (usually business e...
Without Team Teaching <ul><li>Elementary teachers should be given the opportunity to learn touch keyboarding </li></ul><ul...
Keyboarding Is A Skill <ul><li>Consistent practice is needed--not just once or twice a week like music or art classes </li...
When To Teach Keyboarding? <ul><li>Instruction should be provided  before  students become involved in computer activities...
Kindergarten <ul><li>Identify letters of the alphabet on the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Identify right-hand and left-hand ...
First Grade <ul><li>Identify which keys are specific to the right-hand and left-hand sides of the keyboard </li></ul><ul><...
Second Grade <ul><li>Demonstrate proper finger position on Home Row keys </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate correct posture and...
Third Grade <ul><li>Demonstrate proper stroking technique for each letter of the alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard word ...
Fourth Grade <ul><li>Demonstrate proper keyboarding techniques while increasing speed and maintaining accuracy </li></ul><...
Fifth Grade <ul><li>Increase keyboarding speed  by five words per minute while maintaining accuracy and proper technique <...
Sixth Grade <ul><li>Apply proper keyboarding skills across the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Increase keyboarding speed  by...
What To Teach <ul><li>Ergonomics and correct posture </li></ul><ul><li>Basic computer usage skills (power on, use the mous...
Repetitive Strain Injury <ul><li>RSI is caused by repeating the same task over and over again </li></ul><ul><li>It can res...
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome <ul><li>Carpal Tunnel is considered the chief occupational hazard and is one of the more common Rep...
Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel <ul><li>Tightness, discomfort, stiffness, soreness or burning in the hands, wrists, fingers, for...
Prevention of Carpal Tunnel <ul><li>Correct typing posture and right equipment setup are much more important than ergonomi...
<ul><li>Do not rest your wrists on anything while typing </li></ul><ul><li>Do not bend your wrists to the side.  Your fing...
<ul><li>Don’t pound the keys; use a light touch </li></ul><ul><li>Position the mouse at least six inches from the edge of ...
Correct Keyboarding Posture
Accuracy Development <ul><li>Use diagnostic tests to pinpoint the source of the students’ errors </li></ul><ul><li>Individ...
Drills To Force Concentration On Each Individual Letter <ul><li>Key each drill line perfectly two to three times before mo...
Speed Development <ul><li>Speed development is built by repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Each line of the speed drill should b...
Rotate Types of Speed Drills <ul><li>Sentences containing the most commonly used words </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences contain...
Timed Writings <ul><li>Results are measured in words per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Every five keystrokes is considered one ...
What About Accuracy On Timings? <ul><li>Most experts allow one error per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions vary on whether...
How Shall I Grade? <ul><li>Should I use the top timed writing or should I average timings? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I incl...
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Keyboard

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Keyboard

  1. 1. Keyboarding Instruction <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why Teach Keyboarding? <ul><li>Preschoolers are now using the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Without instruction students develop random “hunt and peck” techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Creative ideas are lost and frustration occurs while searching for correct keys </li></ul><ul><li>Bad habits become ingrained and are difficult to break </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboarding is the one computer skill that will not become outdated. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research Shows Many Benefits <ul><li>Greater gains in reading comprehension, vocabulary, word study skills, and spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Improved independent reading, superior listening and organization skills, and improved attention span </li></ul><ul><li>Students are stimulated to compose when they can work quickly and do not have to worry about correct letter formation </li></ul>
  4. 4. What About Voice Recognition? Will It Replace Keyboarding? <ul><li>Voice recognition computers need to be programmed to recognize each voice that will be used with that computer </li></ul><ul><li>Users are limited to the machine that is programmed to their voice </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses using voice recognition are finding problems with the software recognizing different accents </li></ul>
  5. 5. Additional Disadvantages <ul><li>Voice recognition is more time consuming than keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>Editing errors and making revisions can be difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Voice recognition software creates an added expense </li></ul><ul><li>It is not available on all computers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who Should Teach Keyboarding? <ul><li>Ideally keyboarding should be taught by specialists in the field (usually business education majors) with assistance from the classroom teacher </li></ul><ul><li>A merging of expertise results in a team teaching situation that would be beneficial to all concerned </li></ul>
  7. 7. Without Team Teaching <ul><li>Elementary teachers should be given the opportunity to learn touch keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>Those responsible for teaching keyboarding should also receive training in the methods of teaching keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>All current and future elementary teacher training programs should include the skill and methods of teaching keyboarding </li></ul>
  8. 8. Keyboarding Is A Skill <ul><li>Consistent practice is needed--not just once or twice a week like music or art classes </li></ul><ul><li>Use “mental” practice for daily reviews if a keyboard is not available </li></ul><ul><li>The keyboard can be presented in ten lessons but it will take more than one class to learn each lesson properly </li></ul><ul><li>Each lesson must be mastered by touch before moving on to the next lesson </li></ul>
  9. 9. When To Teach Keyboarding? <ul><li>Instruction should be provided before students become involved in computer activities requiring extensive keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>A readiness phase is suggested from kindergarten to grade two </li></ul><ul><li>Experts recommend a working knowledge of the entire alphabetic keyboard at the third grade level </li></ul>
  10. 10. Kindergarten <ul><li>Identify letters of the alphabet on the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Identify right-hand and left-hand sides of the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate use of the space bar and Return/Enter keys </li></ul>
  11. 11. First Grade <ul><li>Identify which keys are specific to the right-hand and left-hand sides of the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Enter simple words using hunt and peck method while maintaining use of correct hand </li></ul><ul><li>Use specialized computer keys (Esc, Ctrl, and basic Function keys)‏ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Second Grade <ul><li>Demonstrate proper finger position on Home Row keys </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate correct posture and proper stroking on Home Row keys </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard simple sentences looking at keyboard when necessary for non-Home Row keys </li></ul>
  13. 13. Third Grade <ul><li>Demonstrate proper stroking technique for each letter of the alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard word lists and sentences using correct posture and proper stroking </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the proper usage of Shift keys </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fourth Grade <ul><li>Demonstrate proper keyboarding techniques while increasing speed and maintaining accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Display proper skills for keyboarding from copy </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate correct usage of Shift and numerals on top row to obtain commonly used symbols </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fifth Grade <ul><li>Increase keyboarding speed by five words per minute while maintaining accuracy and proper technique </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate proper skills to keyboard from copy </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sixth Grade <ul><li>Apply proper keyboarding skills across the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Increase keyboarding speed by five words per minute while maintaining accuracy and proper technique </li></ul>
  17. 17. What To Teach <ul><li>Ergonomics and correct posture </li></ul><ul><li>Basic computer usage skills (power on, use the mouse, log in, access programs, log out)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>The home row keys by touch </li></ul><ul><li>All other letters are taught by touch in relationship to the home row </li></ul><ul><li>Simple word processing skills like word wrap, delete, edit, save, backup, and print </li></ul><ul><li>Speed and accuracy development </li></ul>
  18. 18. Repetitive Strain Injury <ul><li>RSI is caused by repeating the same task over and over again </li></ul><ul><li>It can result in the hands and arms from the use of computer keyboards and mice </li></ul><ul><li>It is a very serious and painful condition that is far easier to prevent than to cure </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 36% of all Carpal Tunnel Syndrome patients require unlimited medical treatment </li></ul>
  19. 19. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome <ul><li>Carpal Tunnel is considered the chief occupational hazard and is one of the more common Repetitive Strain Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>It is the number one reported medical problem accounting for about 60% of all work-related injuries </li></ul><ul><li>It is the second most common type of surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Women are twice as likely as men to develop carpal tunnel syndrome </li></ul>
  20. 20. Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel <ul><li>Tightness, discomfort, stiffness, soreness or burning in the hands, wrists, fingers, forearms, or elbows </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling, coldness, or numbness in hands </li></ul><ul><li>Clumsiness or loss of strength and coordination in the hands </li></ul><ul><li>Pain that wakes you up in the night </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling a need to massage your hands, wrists, and arms </li></ul>
  21. 21. Prevention of Carpal Tunnel <ul><li>Correct typing posture and right equipment setup are much more important than ergonomic gadgets like split keyboards </li></ul><ul><li>Position the chair and keyboard so that the thighs and forearms are level </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that a monitor position lower and farther away is helpful </li></ul><ul><li>Most importantly keep the wrists straight and level </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Do not rest your wrists on anything while typing </li></ul><ul><li>Do not bend your wrists to the side. Your fingers should be in a straight line with your forearm </li></ul><ul><li>Research indicates that all of the above is easier to do if you tilt the back edge of your keyboard down, away from you </li></ul><ul><li>Rest your hands in your lap instead of leaving them on the keyboard when you stop typing </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Don’t pound the keys; use a light touch </li></ul><ul><li>Position the mouse at least six inches from the edge of the desk </li></ul><ul><li>Hold the mouse lightly, don’t grip it hard or squeeze it </li></ul><ul><li>Learn and use keyboard equivalent commands to avoid reaching back and forth from the keyboard to the mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Use two hands to perform double-key operations like Ctrl-C or Ctrl-S </li></ul><ul><li>Take lots of short breaks to stretch and relax </li></ul>
  24. 24. Correct Keyboarding Posture
  25. 25. Accuracy Development <ul><li>Use diagnostic tests to pinpoint the source of the students’ errors </li></ul><ul><li>Individually assign corrective drills that focus on specific letters, fingers, rows, key combinations, or types of errors such as transpositions or opposite fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Students make more concentration errors than any other type of error </li></ul>
  26. 26. Drills To Force Concentration On Each Individual Letter <ul><li>Key each drill line perfectly two to three times before moving to next line </li></ul><ul><li>Key similar words </li></ul><ul><li>Key long words </li></ul><ul><li>Key unusual words </li></ul><ul><li>Key words in a foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>Key lines or paragraphs backwards </li></ul>
  27. 27. Speed Development <ul><li>Speed development is built by repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Each line of the speed drill should be keyed perfectly ten times before moving on to the next line </li></ul><ul><li>Students begin at a slow rate and gradually increase their speed until they are keying at a fast, accurate rate of speed </li></ul>
  28. 28. Rotate Types of Speed Drills <ul><li>Sentences containing the most commonly used words </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences containing long words </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences containing double letters </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences requiring vertical strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences containing one-hand words </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences containing all letters of alphabet </li></ul>
  29. 29. Timed Writings <ul><li>Results are measured in words per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Every five keystrokes is considered one word (includes spacebar and Enter keys)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Timings are not designed to improve speed or accuracy and should not be used for that purpose </li></ul><ul><li>They are used only to measure progress </li></ul><ul><li>Start with one-minute timings and gradually build to three-minute timed writings </li></ul>
  30. 30. What About Accuracy On Timings? <ul><li>Most experts allow one error per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions vary on whether or not to allow corrections while timing </li></ul><ul><li>Some experts say not to focus on accuracy until after students learn the key locations. </li></ul><ul><li>However, allowing unlimited errors at first may cause students to develop bad habits </li></ul><ul><li>Consider allowing more errors at first and then gradually cut back on number of errors </li></ul>
  31. 31. How Shall I Grade? <ul><li>Should I use the top timed writing or should I average timings? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I include grades on daily work and keying technique? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I include grading on basic computer knowledge and usage? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I even be grading at all? </li></ul><ul><li>Experts cannot agree on these issues! </li></ul>

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