Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

2008 05 19_zhonetech1


Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

2008 05 19_zhonetech1

  1. 1. 1 What’s next on the open horizon Doc Searls Linux Journal • UC Santa Barbara • Harvard University
  2. 2. 2 The Net is free. Getting it to people isn’t.
  3. 3. 3 Or easy. Serious infrastructure isn’t cheap.
  4. 4. 4 Some structures last a long time. What here will last longest?
  5. 5. 5 Some don’t last so long.
  6. 6. 6 Here’s the same railroad in 1854: Boston winters were colder then.
  7. 7. 7 Here’s the same crossing in 2008: The bell last bonged in 1982.
  8. 8. 8 Here’s the same pond last Fall: We had one day of skating this Winter.
  9. 9. 9 We like to think serious infrastructure is permanent. That’s why we like to sign it.
  10. 10. 10 Civilization’s infrastructure tends to be temporary. Still, we like to “brand” everything.
  11. 11. 11 Here’s a tale told in manhole covers.
  12. 12. 12 How about this one? Will “broadband” be around in 50 years? 10? 5?
  13. 13. 13 Is the Net just some pipes? That’s what Senator Stevens says.
  14. 14. 14 Technically, he’s not wrong. TCP · UDP · DCCP · SCTP · RSVP · ECN IP · OSPF · IS-IS · BGP · ARP · RARP · RIP · ICMP… These are full of the language of transport.
  15. 15. 15 But practically speaking, it’s something else. All the Net’s protocols are just agreements. Most of them are fairly informal. They began with the first RFC, which said… Simple use: As with any new facility, there will be a period of very light usage until the community of users experiments with the network and begins to depend upon it. One of our goals must be to stimulate the immediate and easy use by a wide class of users. With this goal, it seems natural to provide the ability to use any remote HOST as if it had been dialed up from a TTY (teletype) terminal. Additionally, we would like some ability to transmit a file in a somewhat different manner perhaps than simulating a teletype. That was in 1969.
  16. 16. 16 Growth of the Net has been loosely guided by the IETF. David Clark: "We reject kings, presidents and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code"
  17. 17. 17 The history of the Net has always been a rough draft.
  18. 18. 18 Bob Frankston calls the Net “a class project” and “a prototype.” “We need to step back and ask what we mean by "The Internet" and why it is so important. Internet is about relationships – you can create solutions without having to depending on nor negotiating with a myriad of gatekeepers in your path. Traditional telecommunications is about transport as a service which means that it's all about controlling the path and as much as the market will bear — thus preventing the creation of solutions that are not profitable to these intermediaries.”
  19. 19. 19 But the Net was never designed to make money for itself. But it has proven very good at supporting the making of money in other ways. Today the amount of money made because of the Net far exceeds the money made with the Net.
  20. 20. 20 Jonathan Zittrain says the Net is generative. So is the PC. Thanks to their “hourglass” nature.
  21. 21. 21 That same hourglass is behind >500k open source code bases. All of these are just building materials.
  22. 22. 22 The result is a wild, open and free world. How did this happen? Besides the cool work by guys with the IETF and all that?
  23. 23. 23 You have to look at where these building materials come from. Unlike stone and wood, code is a product of human thought.
  24. 24. 24 Open code grows wild in nature. Human nature, that is. “Linux doesn’t grow on trees. It is trees.” — Jackson Shaw (ex-Microsoft)
  25. 25. 25 Open source and the Net share two ideals: 1) Nobody owns it 2) Everybody can use it Plus one more…
  26. 26. 26 3) Anybody can improve it
  27. 27. 27 A useful thing happens when anyone can improve code. It gets better. Naturally.
  28. 28. 28 Open source is organic. Living code doesn’t stop growing. It adapts. Constantly. To the real world.
  29. 29. 29 Every new piece of code is like a new element in in the periodic table. Except there’s no limit to how many elements there are. Or how they’re combined. Or how fast any of them can improve. Or how many markets they can support.
  30. 30. 30 Open source code is, like life, naturally abundant. It improves constantly. There are now well over 500,000 code repositories. All are commoditites. With huge because effects.
  31. 31. 31 The challenge is to restore humans to their rightful position. This can’t be done from just the sell side. People need the power to do it themselves. Open source models the way. Selling the Net as gravy on TV and telephony doesn’t.
  32. 32. 32 So here’s what we’re doing. is a project of the Berkman Center. We’re a development community. And we’re building a new business model based on equipping customers… With tools that make them much more effective participants in markets. These will be tools of both independence and engagement. They will help customers express their intentions and do business Outside of any one company’s silo or walled garden.
  33. 33. 33 Our first initiative is a new business model for free media. It will be based on what customers are willing to pay, on their own, with minimal friction — for goods that are already there for free, including… Public radio and TV Newspapers and magazines online Blogs Podcasts Music
  34. 34. 34 Our tool for that is the “r-button”: It says, “I want to pay… what I want.” And/or, “I want to relate… on my terms… and not just yours.” “This is my code’s way of letting your code know that. Even if you’re not listening. Yet.”
  35. 35. 35 The relbutton can represent four different states. 1. Intention to relate or buy (from anybody, on my conditions). 2. Existing relationship (that can be unpacked by clicking on it). 3. Intention to sell, but also to relate on your (the buyer’s) terms, as well as mine (the seller’s). 4. A place where buyers and sellers can meet and relate on equal footing.
  36. 36. 36 Here’s where you’ll see it first. On a radio tuner for the iPhone and other mobile internet devices.
  37. 37. 37 Here the relbutton provides a new business model for media. Starting with noncommercial sources. And growing to include everything.
  38. 38. 38 So think of the last mile as the first market Think of your CLEC or ISP as the “back end that’s next door.” Help customers use Amazon & Google back-end services, or… Do the same thing yourself, but with latencies those guys can’t match. Think about how to empower customers to do new things in new ways. — Not just old things in better ways. (e.g. POTS over IP, HDTV) Think about markets as environments for relationships… And how you can help make those relationships work better.
  39. 39. 39 Think of the market for new services based on the Net as a utility. The Net will become as necessary and common as roads, water, electricity and waste treatment. It is already used for far more than telephony and television. In the long run those are just two among many data types. The sweet spot in the market will be in helping business do business… — Helping customers relate, converse and transact with vendors. — Helping individuals and businesses use the Net’s back-end utilities… Compute power, offsite backup and storage, heavy graphical rendering, etc.
  40. 40. 40 Think about how to help DIY build-out by local residents and neighborhoods James Hettrick: “It will be as easy to install and maintain fiber as it is to do the same with a home sprinkler system.” There will be a whole new business in helping residents and small contractors do “last yard” build-out. Your customers will be your partners, not just your consumers. Or your competitors. Think about the customer as the start point, rather than the end point.
  41. 41. 41 So the biggest growth opportunity for people in this room… Is to support the free and open Net. Plus the individuals and businesses that grow there. And the markets that they’ll build with your help.
  42. 42. 42 Think about how to make money because of the Net, not just with it. “Triple Play” sells the Net as gravy on top of telephony and television. It leverages the new on the old. It’s a “with” model. In the long run it reduces you to just “the phone/cable” company, with some Net on top. Far more money is made on the Net than in it. Think about how you can make “trillion play” happen… And then about what business can be had in supporting that.
  43. 43. 43 Q&A Doc Searls Contact: