My Generation


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This presentation was delivered by Dr. Michael Bridges on April 20, 2009 for the Pittsburgh Emerging Arts Leaders Network. It covers differences between Boomers, Xers and Millenials in the Arts Management workplace.

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  • it was fantastic, i like it. i need information about the impacts of conflict on generation. plz suggest something sir.
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  • My Generation

    1. 1. Boomers, Xers and Millennials Michael W. Bridges, Ph.D.
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>A story </li></ul><ul><li>The generations </li></ul><ul><li>Why this information is important </li></ul><ul><li>Boomer, Xers & Millennials </li></ul>
    3. 3. Millennial Generation 5/9/05 Fish is Fish (Lionni, 1970)
    4. 4. Cute story, but so what? <ul><li>We are all different </li></ul><ul><li>A Person’s Influences her </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship to parents Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>View of the world View of authority </li></ul><ul><li>Economic climate Patterns of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Political climate Self-concept </li></ul><ul><li>Social and cultural climate Behavior in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Risk taking </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability to challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to deal with conflict </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    5. 5. A Little Generational Theory <ul><li>Generation : a cohort group whose length approximates the span of a phase of a life and whose boundaries are fixed by peer personality </li></ul><ul><li>Peer personality : a generational persona recognized and determined by common age, location, beliefs and behaviors and perceived membership in a common generation </li></ul>
    6. 6. Sequence of Cultural Cohorts (Generations) <ul><li>GI Generation (1901 - 1924) </li></ul><ul><li>Silent Generation (1925 - 1942) </li></ul><ul><li>Boomers (1943 - 1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Generation X (1960 - 1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Millennials (Generation Y; 1982 - 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Homeland? (2005 - ?) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Caveats <ul><li>Trends represent shifts in means. Still broad distributions in attitudes and behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all data is US-based. </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    8. 8. Boomers <ul><li>1943 - 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Large </li></ul><ul><li>“ Me” Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Self-discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Personal fulfillment in work </li></ul>
    9. 9. Skit 1
    10. 10. Parents of boomers survived the depression
    11. 11. And WWII
    12. 12. Returned home….
    13. 13. And started having babies, lots of babies
    14. 14. Dr. Spock ushered a new era of parenting
    15. 15. TV played a big role in boomer’s lives
    16. 17. As did music… rock n roll
    17. 18. <ul><li>Boomers challenged most social, cultural and political institutions </li></ul>
    18. 20. There was the war in Vietnam
    19. 21. The civil rights movement
    20. 22. They were the most educated generation
    21. 23. <ul><li>They found fulfillment in their work and climbed the corporate ladder </li></ul>
    22. 24. Skit 2
    23. 25. Gen Xers <ul><li>1964 - 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Independent </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Skeptical and disillusioned </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment issue </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and comfortable with change </li></ul>
    24. 26. The pill affected the birth rate as Xers were being born
    25. 27. Birth rates dropped
    26. 28. Daycare became common place
    27. 29. As women went to work….
    28. 30. Latch-key kids were everywhere
    29. 31. The face of TV changed
    30. 32. So did the role of technology
    31. 33. There was political scandal
    32. 34. Fewer job opportunities for Xers
    33. 35. Their dominant feature is the value of their relationships
    34. 36. Millennial Facts (I) <ul><li>John Lennon, John Belushi, Grace Kelly and Bob Marley all died before they born. </li></ul><ul><li>Balsamic vinegar has always been on shelves in the US. </li></ul><ul><li>GPS satellite navigation has always been available. </li></ul><ul><li>Rock and Roll has always been a force for social good. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Newman has always made salad dressing. </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    35. 37. Millennial Facts (2) <ul><li>A “45” is a handgun not a record with a large hole in the middle. </li></ul><ul><li>Iced tea has always come in bottles and cans. </li></ul><ul><li>Datsuns have never been made and IBM has never made typewriters. </li></ul><ul><li>Stores have always had scanners at the checkout. </li></ul><ul><li>Cars have always had rear window mounted brake lights, CD players and air bags. </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    36. 38. Millennial Facts (3) <ul><li>The Tonight Show has always been hosted by Jay Leno. </li></ul><ul><li>College grads have always been able to Teach for America. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kennedy tragedy was a plane crash, not an assassination. </li></ul><ul><li>They’ve never lost anything in shag carpet. </li></ul><ul><li>Their lifetime has always included AIDS. </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    37. 39. Millennial Facts (4) <ul><li>There have always been women on the Supreme Court. </li></ul><ul><li>Peeps are not candies, they are your friends.. </li></ul><ul><li>Never seen a first lady in a fur coat. </li></ul><ul><li>There have always been charter school. </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    38. 40. Seven Core Traits <ul><li>Howe and Strauss (2000, 2003) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievement-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional </li></ul></ul>
    39. 41. Skit 3
    40. 42. Millennials are viewed as Special <ul><li>Reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Family size, income </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility issues and adoptions </li></ul><ul><li>Large focus as a consumer market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>co-purchasing (parent’s money) </li></ul></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    41. 45. Cultural shifts in how children are viewed
    42. 46. Millennials are Protected Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    43. 48. Protecting Self-Esteem!
    44. 49. Millennials are Team-Oriented Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    45. 50. Millennials are Achievement-Oriented and Pressured <ul><li>Achievement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational experiences focused on standardized achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessive preoccupation with performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implications for risk-taking and fear of failure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dualistic perspective on the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The team </li></ul></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    46. 51. Educational Experiences
    47. 52. <ul><li>Pressured: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High expectations from parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High stakes consequences from standardized focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly scheduled lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Daytimers in high school, time management classes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zero tolerance </li></ul></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    48. 53. A Vision of Today’s Student
    49. 54. Time Allocation <ul><li>More time Less Time </li></ul><ul><li>School Free play (unorganized activ.) </li></ul><ul><li>Chores TV watching </li></ul><ul><li>Personal care Eating </li></ul><ul><li>Travel/visiting Household conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Organized sports Church </li></ul><ul><li>Study/reading/homework </li></ul><ul><li>Computer activities </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    50. 55. Some Data Millennial Generation 5/9/05 (Institute for Social Research, 1999 in Howe & Strauss, 2000)
    51. 56. Millennials are Confident <ul><li>Confident, trusting and optimistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trusting of parents, the government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive about the future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boast about their generation’s power and influence </li></ul></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    52. 57. Millennials are Conventional <ul><li>More comfortable with parent’s values. </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive on many social issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Education that emphasizes basic human value, respect and accountability (aspects of ZT). </li></ul><ul><li>See social rules as necessary (even though they may not like them) </li></ul><ul><li>Represents a corrective response to negative object lessons. </li></ul>Millennial Generation 5/9/05
    53. 59. Behavior Trends 5/9/05 Millennial Generation
    54. 60. Other Realities
    55. 61. Additional Characteristics (1) <ul><li>Represent the largest cultural cohort </li></ul><ul><li>Healthier and wealthier as a group, but… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New struggles - ADD, ADHD, asthma, obesity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are the most racially/ethnically diverse cohort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 in 5 has at least 1 non-native born parent </li></ul></ul>(US Census, 2000)
    56. 62. Skit 4
    57. 63. Additional Characteristics (2) <ul><li>Native technologists </li></ul><ul><li>Value volunteer work </li></ul><ul><li>Think hard work is more important in achieving success than a lucky break </li></ul><ul><li>Close relationships with parents (most admired) and grandparents (most trusted) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consulted and included in important decisions </li></ul></ul>
    58. 64. Helicopter Parents
    59. 65. So what about work? <ul><li>Different backgrounds and styles. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize differences. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand where differences come from. </li></ul><ul><li>Beware the fundamental attribution error. </li></ul>
    60. 66. More Information <ul><li>Howe, N. & Strauss W. (2000). Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation . Random House: New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Howe, N. & Strauss W. (2003). Millennials Go to College . AACRAO & LifeCourse Assoc. : Great Falls. </li></ul><ul><li>Nathan, R. (2005). My Freshman Year: What a Professor Learned by Becoming a Student. Cornell University Press: Ithaca. </li></ul><ul><li>Sterns, P. (2003). Anxious Parents: A History of Modern Childrearing in America. New York University Press: New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Strauss, W. & Howe, N. (1997). The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy. Broadway Books: New York. </li></ul>
    61. 67. What’s the take-home message