Law libraries, government transparency, and the internet

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Law libraries, government transparency, and the internet

  1. 1. Law Libraries, GovernmentTransparency, and the Internet Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel @danielschuman
  2. 2. Policy Advocacy Technology Development Journalism Press Outreach
  3. 3. 4 Arguments3.The internet has changed publicexpectations on access to information.4.Traditional institutions are struggling tokeep up.5.New information intermediaries andtools are emerging.6.Libraries must be bold in this new era. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  4. 4. -1-The internet has changed public expectations on access to information. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  5. 5. 82 percent of adults use the internet. - Pew Internet Survey February 2012 67 percent ofinternet users visited gov’t websites. - Pew, May 2011 Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  6. 6. Even in 2009, many Americans turned to the internet for legislative information, government data, federal spending information, and campaign contributionPew, 2009 Study records. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  7. 7. Private sector internetadoption hasraised publicexpectations Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  8. 8. -2- Traditional institutionsare struggling to keep up. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  9. 9. Executive Branch•Open Government Directive (andagency publication plans)•Data.gov•IT Spending Dashboard•White House Visitor Records•Ethics.gov•Recovery.gov•Open Government Partnership Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  10. 10. House of Representatives•Webcasting hearings•Leadership statement on bulkaccess•Docs.house.gov•3 transparency conference•Madison Project (Issa)•72-hour rule•Statement of Disbursements•Twitter/YouTube•Earmark Requests Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  11. 11. Senate•Statement of Disbursements•Votes in XML•Twitter/YouTube
  12. 12. U.S. Supreme Court•Minor upgrades to website•Release of audio of argument atend of week•Small pilot with GPO to releaseopinions Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  13. 13. Unfortunately, government data often… • Is unavailable or incomplete • Is locked in unusable or difficult-to-use formats • Is trapped in clunky or poorly-designed websites • Is trapped behind pay walls or restrictive licensing Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  14. 14. For example: PDFs are pictures of information, useful forhumans to read but not for computers to process. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  15. 15. 87% of adults feel it’s important or very important for the government to provide general information to the public on government websitesSource: Pew Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  16. 16. How can these rising expectations be met? Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  17. 17. -3- New information intermediaries andtools are emerging. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  18. 18. Case study: Legislative information and THOMAS Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  19. 19. THOMAS: Bare bones on HR 2146 (DATA Act) Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  20. 20. GovTrack.us: Side-by-side for HR 2146 Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  21. 21. OpenCongress.org: Context, News, and Contact Info Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  22. 22. OpenSecrets.org: Who is lobbying on HR 2146? Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  23. 23. Scout.SunlightFoundation.com: DATA Act Alerts and Speeches Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  24. 24. CapitolWords.Org: Deep search for speeches Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  25. 25. Legislative info everywhere: Congress Android App Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  26. 26. “Call on Congress”: Access Legislative Info by Phone Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  27. 27. Legislation, Speeches, Regulations, and States Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  28. 28. Notable ongoing legislative activity around releasing data•Bulk access to legislative data•The DATA Act•Access to Congressionally Mandated Reports Act (HR1974, S 1411)•Public Online Information Act (HR 1349, S 717)•CRS Electronic Accessibility Act (H Res 727)•DISCLOSE Act•Lobbying Disclosure Enhancement Act (HR 2339) Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  29. 29. -4-Libraries must be bold in this new era. Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  30. 30. Where do lawlibraries fit into this cycle? Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  31. 31. Law libraries fit everywhere.• Inform government on how best to catalog, release information.• Partner with technology developers to build websites and webservices.• Original publisher of hard-to-find documents.• Experts that point the public and researchers to the best sources of information.• Collaborative gathering and online publishing of useful information (e.g. committee hearings, agency reports). Daniel Schuman, Policy Counsel
  32. 32. Thank youDaniel Schuman, Policy Counsel @danielschuman
  33. 33. Photo Sources (those that aren’t credited on the page where they appear)• Political leaders: http://www.flickr.com/photos/whitehouse/5641045140/sizes/l/in/photostream/• Obama: http://www.flickr.com/photos/whitehouse/6857417284/sizes/z/in/photostream/• Boehner: http://www.flickr.com/photos/speakerboehner/6883247500/sizes/m/in/photostream/• Reid: http://www.flickr.com/photos/senatorreid/5569541248/in/photostream/• Roberts: http://www.sdakotabirds.com/feathers_and_folly/?tag=john-roberts• This is not a pipe: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/6203803658/sizes/z/in/photostream/• Matrix: http://www.dan-dare.org/freefun/games/matrixwallpaper1024.htm

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