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Debbie crespo comp 2 #1 paper

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Debbie crespo comp 2 #1 paper

  1. 1. Crespo 1Debbie CrespoJ.E.HelmEnglish 1213September 3, 2012 The Widespread of Teen Pregnancy Preventing the widespread of teen pregnancy has been a goal in the United States formany years. Statistics, have tried to keep up with the change of the teenage generation. Virtuallythirteen percent or 485,000 babies were born to teenage mothers ranging from fifteen and tonineteen years of age. Fifty-three percent (53%) of these teen mothers wind up living inhomeless shelters. Approximately 750,000 teens will become pregnant this year. Since 2001, the United States has not had much success reducing the amount ofaccidental pregnanciesin the United States. The ratio of unplanned pregnancies is steadily rising.Unfortunately the percentage of continues to rise, and is at an all-time high. Out of the teensbetween the ages of 15 to 17 years of age that had babies, 51% admitted that they did nothing toprevent pregnancy. 31.4% did not think they could get pregnant at the time of intercourse. 23.6%did not use any type of birth control due to their partner did not want to use it. 22.1% said theydid not mind getting pregnant (About.com). Teenage pregnancy is a socially, economically, physically and emotionally complexproblem. Parents need to speak to their teens about how it will affect them and their future , notonly will the social aspect of their live change, but the emotional and physical aspect of it aswell, not to mention the economical aspect it takes a lot of money to raise a child. Having bettercommunication with our children, and explaining the reason why it is better topracticeabstinence, however if they decide to be sexually active they should not only be taught 1
  2. 2. Crespo 2about contraceptives, and how to use them properly, so they can learn effective pregnancyprevention. Doing all we can to prevent teen pregnancy is a good idea for a number of reasons, hereis a few, the health risk to the mother as well as the baby, the maturity level of a teen is limited,and the lack of education they get.Hence society should make it a priority to teach theadolescents how to be responsible. Babies that are born to teen mothers have a greater chance of being born prematurely, and50% more likely to be low-weight (less than five and a half pounds) compared to a baby born toa mother of 20 or 21when they had their first baby. Teenagers seldom receive adequate prenatalcare, or do not seek it until later. As a result lack of prenatal care can cause severe consequencesnot only at birth but as they begin to grow (Florida State University). As a child begins to go through the developmental stages, the damage these babiesendure that are born to teen mothers becomes more apparent. They suffer from a variety ofdevelopmental problems, and are at higher risk for problems in affect regulations, including bothflattened affect and aggressive behavior. They also have negative effects on the cognitivedevelopment. But the average teenager is not mature enough to think about the negative aspectsof having a baby. The lack of maturity is also a factor in this equation, such as not understanding the fullresponsibility of what it means to be a parent. The mind of a teenager is so underdeveloped,thatthey cannot wrap their mind around the how much responsibility that is involved in taking careof a baby. The sad thing is that girls are so immature that they believe this boy will not leavethem if they get pregnant, because that is what they were told by them. 2
  3. 3. Crespo 3 The ones that want to get pregnant think it will be easy. They do not realize how hard it isto get a job and pay bills, and put the babies’ needs before their own. A lot of young girls eventhough they are pregnantstill go out and party. This can cause harm the unborn child, and maynot be mature to know that they are putting the unborn baby at risk, or they just do not care aboutthe harm it can cause to the fetus. Another factor is the baby is unable to communicate, therefore the baby cries when theirwet, hungry, gassy and hurting, this could cause anyone to get frustrated. Children born to theyoungest teen mothers are at a greater risk of being an “indicated case” of being abused orneglected and then being placed in state custody or placed in foster care, then those born to oldermothers. Babies born to young mothers 15 or younger are two times more likely to be subjectedto abuse and or neglect in the first five years of their lives compared to children born to oldermothers.This could be stopped if the mothers were more educated (Florida State UnIversity) Adolescent parents are at critical points of their lives. Some of these kids are still inmiddle school, although for the most part the vast majority of these pregnancies are teenagersthat are in high school. Now they are faced with having a baby granted some choose to abort andact like nothing has happened, while others choose to keep the baby and a lot of times withoutthe father of the baby. Therefor trying to figure out how to do it by themselves. Statics show that 67% of teenage mothers never graduated high school. The challenge ofkeeping teen mothers in school has consistently been more successfully meet by school-basedprograms. (Seiltz & Apfel 1999). There is evidence that childrenborn of teen mothers ages 15 to17 are more likely to be high school drop outs when compared to children born to older mothers’ages between 20 to21. Just 77 % of children born to adolescent mothers complete high school,when compared to the 89% of children born to older mothers. 3
  4. 4. Crespo 4 When young people drop out of high school, they not only put their future in acompromising position, but their child’s future as well. Without an education the parents cannottake proper care of the children, and be poverty stricken they wind up living in shelters, underbridges or banded houses. The children born to adolescent mothers do not have a good start inlife. Plus they are more likely to be raised only by their mothers, and live in a poor and underclass neighborhood, as well as experience high risk to their health, wellbeing and poor education. Parents and teenagers need to have an open relationship so that neither the parent of theteen of them find it difficult to talk about pregnancy, abstinence, and questions about sex thatthey may encounter as they go through puberty. It is better for the teens to learn about thesethings at home rather than in the streets or their friends (allpsychologycareers). There are many obstacles for children of teenage mothers to endure. These children havea several disadvantages in contrast to the children born to older mothers. These children born toschool age children often face the lack of a father in their lives, a higher poverty rate, as well asmental health problems, and the lack of being mature enough to make the proper decisions onlyprove that wide spread of teenage pregnancy needs to addressed. (1,209 words) 4
  5. 5. Crespo 5 Works CitedContraception.About.com Web September 3, 2012Teen Parent child care Quality Improvement Project-www.cpeip.fsu.edu Web September 3, 2012Txcc.sedl.org Web September 3, 2012WWW.Allpsychologycarrers.com Web September 3, 2012 5

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