New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia Connecticut  Rhode Island Ma...
State Constitutions <ul><li>Features held in most state constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral legislatures </li></ul><...
Articles of Confederation  <ul><li>Features/Powers  </li></ul><ul><li>“ a league of friendship” </li></ul><ul><li>Each  st...
Articles of Confederation  <ul><li>Challenges  </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign threats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British </li></ul><...
 
Articles of Confederation  <ul><li>Challenges  </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign threats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British </li></ul><...
New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia America in 1787 Connecticut ...
America in 1787 <ul><li>Some key traits </li></ul><ul><li>Size: Much larger than any other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia America in 1787 Northern New...
America in 1787 <ul><li>Some key traits </li></ul><ul><li>Size: Much larger than any other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
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Notes 4: In between the Declaration of Independence and Constitution

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  1. 1. New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Delaware Maryland
  2. 2. State Constitutions <ul><li>Features held in most state constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral legislatures </li></ul><ul><li>Both houses were elected directly </li></ul><ul><li>Elections for lower house held annually </li></ul><ul><li>Popularly elected governors (NY had the strongest executive position) </li></ul><ul><li>Property ownership was a requirement for holding office </li></ul>
  3. 3. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Features/Powers </li></ul><ul><li>“ a league of friendship” </li></ul><ul><li>Each state maintained its sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative: Unicameral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9/13 to pass any measure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state had one vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Executive: In name only—powerless </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial: Did not exist </li></ul><ul><li>Unanimous consent of all 13 to amend </li></ul>
  4. 4. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign threats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbary Pirates </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign threats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbary Pirates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interstate disputes </li></ul><ul><li>The problem of debt </li></ul><ul><li>Shay’s Rebellion </li></ul>
  6. 7. New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia America in 1787 Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Delaware Maryland
  7. 8. America in 1787 <ul><li>Some key traits </li></ul><ul><li>Size: Much larger than any other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel and communication challenges: Can it be governed? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A very regional feel: distinct places </li></ul>
  8. 9. New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Virginia South Carolina North Carolina Georgia America in 1787 Northern New England: trade and fishing NY and S. New England: better soil, access to Hudson Delaware Valley: more cosmopolitan--Philadelphia Chesapeake Bay: Fertile—large-scale commercial agriculture S. Virignia/NC: tobacco industry SC/GA: sparsely populated; rice and indigo—slave labor Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Delaware Maryland
  9. 10. America in 1787 <ul><li>Some key traits </li></ul><ul><li>Size: Much larger than any other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel and communication challenges: Can it be governed? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A very regional feel: distinct places </li></ul><ul><li>75% white (but a diverse white); mostly Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>20% black (mostly slave) </li></ul><ul><li>A deferential society </li></ul><ul><li>Rural (Only Phila. And NYC had populations of over 25,000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90% farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hard-working, God-fearing, and prosperous </li></ul>

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