V
The Road to the White House
These candidates must win support of delegates for their
  party.

• DELEGATES—people who will SELECT THEIR
  PARTY’S CAND...
Presidential Primaries

PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES—the
 presidential primaries either CHOOSE
 DELEGATES TO THE NATIONAL
 CONVE...
National Conventions

NATIONAL CONVENTIONS —a party
 pep rally where DELEGATES GO TO
 CAST THEIR VOTES

Three main purpose...
General Election
• Each state has a certain number of ELECTORAL
  VOTES; this number is equal to THE NUMBER OF
  SENATORS ...
General Election
• Pennsylvania has 21 ELECTORAL
  VOTES
• There are a total of 538 electoral votes; to
  win, a candidate...
David Axelrod—senior adviser
Rahm Emanuel—chief of staff
Joe Biden—Vice President of the
          United States
James Jones—national security adviser
Robert Gibbs—press secretary
Department of Defense




Robert Gates
Department of Homeland Security




Janet Napolitano
Department of Justice




Eric Holder
Department of State




Hillary Clinton
Department of Treasury




Timothy Geithner
A President not a Prime Minister
PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTER: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?



                 PRIME MINISTER

                        ADVISORS/CAB...
Notes:

• Chosen by legislature
• Surrounded (Cabinet) by members of the legislature
• Always experiences a UNIFIED GOVERN...
PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTER: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?



                   PRESIDENT

                        ADVISORS/CABINE...
Notes:

• Often an “outsider” to Washington
• Chosen by people (directly or indirectly)
• Surrounded (Cabinet) by mix of p...
Powers
Legislative Powers
When a bill is passed, the
 President has three options:

• Sign the bill
• Veto the bill
• Do nothing
The President may suggest certain
  legislation be passed: formally or
  informally.
Ordinance Power

Ordinance power authorizes the president to
 issue executive order—rules or laws which
   do not require ...
Executive Powers
Commander in Chief (“war
  powers)
• Commands and directs military
• Is responsible for military
  strategy
Key limitations:

• Congress declares war
• Congress raises armies and
  navies
• Congress must approve funding
• War Powe...
Architect of US foreign policy:

• Responsible for recognition
  and relations with foreign
  countries
• Negotiates treat...
Chief Executive:

• Appoints as many as 6,000
  positions while taking office
  (ambassadors, Cabinet
  members, etc.)
Judicial Powers
Judicial Powers:

• POTUS has the power to
  nominate federal judges
• May grant
  pardons, reprieves, commutati
  ons, an...
• Pardon—legal forgiveness of a crime
• Reprieve—a delay in punishment
• Commutation—lessening the punishment of a
  crime...
Impeachment
What is impeachment?



It is a process, authorized by the Constitution, to bring
       charges against certain officials...
For what can the President, Vice-President, or other civil officers
                   of the law be impeached?



   The ...
The Stages and Roles of Impeachment

 The President, Vice President and all
  civil Officers of the United States,
     sh...
Procedures

1. House Judiciary committee—examines
   evidence; majority vote is needed to send to
   the full House
2. Hou...
How many presidents have been impeached?


                 Two
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Final Prep V

769 views

Published on

Notes; slides

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
769
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Final Prep V

  1. 1. V
  2. 2. The Road to the White House
  3. 3. These candidates must win support of delegates for their party. • DELEGATES—people who will SELECT THEIR PARTY’S CANDIDATES for President and Vice- President • The number of delegates a state receives is based on the number of electoral votes and the state’s support of the party in the most recent elections How do you “win” delegates? You do well in presidential primaries.
  4. 4. Presidential Primaries PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES—the presidential primaries either CHOOSE DELEGATES TO THE NATIONAL CONVENTION OR EXPRESS A PREFERENCE AMONG VARIOUS CANDIDATES.
  5. 5. National Conventions NATIONAL CONVENTIONS —a party pep rally where DELEGATES GO TO CAST THEIR VOTES Three main purposes of the national convention: • Name the Presidential and Vice- Presidential candidates • Bring the party together • Adopt the platform
  6. 6. General Election • Each state has a certain number of ELECTORAL VOTES; this number is equal to THE NUMBER OF SENATORS PLUS THE NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES
  7. 7. General Election • Pennsylvania has 21 ELECTORAL VOTES • There are a total of 538 electoral votes; to win, a candidate must win 270 votes. • If no candidate receives 270, the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES decides the winner.
  8. 8. David Axelrod—senior adviser
  9. 9. Rahm Emanuel—chief of staff
  10. 10. Joe Biden—Vice President of the United States
  11. 11. James Jones—national security adviser
  12. 12. Robert Gibbs—press secretary
  13. 13. Department of Defense Robert Gates
  14. 14. Department of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano
  15. 15. Department of Justice Eric Holder
  16. 16. Department of State Hillary Clinton
  17. 17. Department of Treasury Timothy Geithner
  18. 18. A President not a Prime Minister
  19. 19. PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTER: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE? PRIME MINISTER ADVISORS/CABINET LEGISLATURE PEOPLE
  20. 20. Notes: • Chosen by legislature • Surrounded (Cabinet) by members of the legislature • Always experiences a UNIFIED GOVERNMENT — the party of the prime minister is always the same as the party of the legislature
  21. 21. PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTER: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE? PRESIDENT ADVISORS/CABINET LEGISLATURE PEOPLE
  22. 22. Notes: • Often an “outsider” to Washington • Chosen by people (directly or indirectly) • Surrounded (Cabinet) by mix of politicians and “outsiders” and “in-and-outers” • May experience a unified government or a DIVIDED GOVERNMENT —when the legislature is not of the president’s party…GRIDLOCK
  23. 23. Powers
  24. 24. Legislative Powers
  25. 25. When a bill is passed, the President has three options: • Sign the bill • Veto the bill • Do nothing
  26. 26. The President may suggest certain legislation be passed: formally or informally.
  27. 27. Ordinance Power Ordinance power authorizes the president to issue executive order—rules or laws which do not require Congressional approval
  28. 28. Executive Powers
  29. 29. Commander in Chief (“war powers) • Commands and directs military • Is responsible for military strategy
  30. 30. Key limitations: • Congress declares war • Congress raises armies and navies • Congress must approve funding • War Powers Resolution— Congress must authorize troop deployments of over 60 days
  31. 31. Architect of US foreign policy: • Responsible for recognition and relations with foreign countries • Negotiates treaties with other countries (Senate must approve)
  32. 32. Chief Executive: • Appoints as many as 6,000 positions while taking office (ambassadors, Cabinet members, etc.)
  33. 33. Judicial Powers
  34. 34. Judicial Powers: • POTUS has the power to nominate federal judges • May grant pardons, reprieves, commutati ons, and amnesty • Can declare executive privilege
  35. 35. • Pardon—legal forgiveness of a crime • Reprieve—a delay in punishment • Commutation—lessening the punishment of a crime • Amnesty—a pardon given to a group • Executive privilege—the right of secrecy on certain matters within the executive branch
  36. 36. Impeachment
  37. 37. What is impeachment? It is a process, authorized by the Constitution, to bring charges against certain officials of the federal government for misconduct while in office.
  38. 38. For what can the President, Vice-President, or other civil officers of the law be impeached? The Constitution specifies that high government officials may be impeached for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”
  39. 39. The Stages and Roles of Impeachment The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors. Article II, Section 4, US Constitution House of Representatives—has power to bring about charges against government officials Senate—hold the trial in impeachment cases
  40. 40. Procedures 1. House Judiciary committee—examines evidence; majority vote is needed to send to the full House 2. House of Representatives—a majority vote is needed. If achieved, charges are sent to the Senate 3. Senate—holds the trial; a two-thirds vote is needed
  41. 41. How many presidents have been impeached? Two

×