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Modernism Lecture


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Modernism Lecture

  1. 1. Modernism What is it? Why did it happen? Why does it matter?
  2. 2. Super Brief History of Thought • Greeks and Romans • Middle Ages: church power and the plague • Renaissance: humanism and exploration • Protestant Reformation • Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment: empiricism
  3. 3. What is modernism? “At the start of the 20th c., continuity snapped” • radical shift in art, literature and philosophy • influenced by scientific developments and global events • themes • what do we truly know?
  4. 4. What do you see?
  5. 5. What do you see?
  6. 6. How many legs do you see?
  7. 7. Are the horizontal lines parallel or do they slope?
  8. 8. Count the black dots
  9. 9. What’s happening?
  10. 10. Which line is longer?
  11. 11. Modernism in Action • Significance of images • Literature • Art
  12. 12. Modernism--Literature Kafka’s The Metamorphosis reality vs perception stream of consciousness non-linear time
  13. 13. William Butler Yeats “The Second Coming” “Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere The ceremony of innocence is drowned...”
  14. 14. Modernism-Art What is the perception of normalcy? abstract: cubism and surrealism linear perspective is out
  15. 15. Picasso’s Cubism “Landscape with Bridge” (1909) “The Guitar Player”
  16. 16. Surrealism: Salvador Dali’s “Persistence of Time (1931)”
  17. 17. Dali’s “Face of War” (1940)
  18. 18. Fragmentation M.C. Escher’s “Bond of Union” (1953)
  19. 19. M.C. Escher’s “Reptiles” (1943) What is real?
  20. 20. Everything is relative M.C. Escher’s “Relativity” (1953)
  21. 21. Why did Modernism Happen? • Global Events • Developments in the “hard” sciences • Developments in the social sciences
  22. 22. Impact of World War I Disillusion Why did I survive? Dehumanization Mechanized Death
  23. 23. Albert Einstein • theory of relativity (1920) • space and time relationship • highway example
  24. 24. Uncovering the subatomic world • Marie Curie • atoms are divisible • radioactivity • two Nobel Prizes
  25. 25. Ivan Pavlov conditional vs innate reflexes no natural laws sane vs psychotic
  26. 26. Development of Psychology • “father of modern psychology” • controversial ideas • humans are irrational Sigmund Freud
  27. 27. Freud’s Four Important Ideas behavior is rooted in the unconscious (id) mind is fragmented into three parts: id, superego and ego The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) competing drives of eros and thanatos
  28. 28. Why does it matter? • Contradicted parts of the Scientific Revolution • New round: What is human nature? • Where do we fit in the universe? • What do I know? Is it possible to know anything?