How do you legally create social change?
The Power of Individuals and Grassroots Movements
30 feet tall
What they didn’t teach you in grade school
about Dr. King
• wasn’t universally supported
• strong opponent of theVietnam W...
A. Lhe.,ld,sslqgOf,Irc T#illFoJEg
1. the Problen
&r NsvEr$er1, 1975, llllllarD C. Sulllvan, &rer
Asslstgrt Dlrector, hstl....
1964--letter
from the
FBI
Assassination Conspiracies
• James Earl Ray?
• white power bounty?
• Memphis Police?
• the feds?
“I’d rather be dead than ...
X and the Nation of Islam
• Why did X and the Nation become popular?
• bio connections
• change can’t be legislated
Similarities and Differences
1964 Washington, D.C.
Differences:
MLK vs X
• stable, middle class childhood
• non violent direct action
• integration
• use the system
• frustr...
• powerful public speakers
• (partially) inspired by religion
• took a stand against the status quo
• imprisoned (but for ...
The Black Panther Party
Who were they and what did they do?
Who?
• originally formed in Cali
• BPP for Self Defense
• formed shortly after the assassination of X
• grass roots progra...
Black Panther Programs
• police patrol
• breakfast
• day care
• medical care
• reduce street violence
• clothing
• GED
Problems
• the media (image vs impact)
• COINTELPRO
• role of white people
• arrest of founding member
• police shoot outs...
TI{E COINTELPROPAPERS
Memo initiating COINTELPRO - BPP.
- ghetto life- consequently, black comn
COINTELPRO- BlackLiberatio...
V*Y"
Speclal Agent vcll vcraed ln lsvestlgrtlona -reletlng to blrct -
nitfonafflt, bete-type orgenlzatloo!. Tbe ileld oltl...
Civil rights: MLK, X and the BPP
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Civil rights: MLK, X and the BPP

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Civil rights: MLK, X and the BPP

  1. 1. How do you legally create social change? The Power of Individuals and Grassroots Movements
  2. 2. 30 feet tall
  3. 3. What they didn’t teach you in grade school about Dr. King • wasn’t universally supported • strong opponent of theVietnam War • fears about the March on D.C. • supporter of war on poverty • arrested multiple times • infidelities • FBI and the CIA “Life's most urgent question is: what are you doing for others?”
  4. 4. A. Lhe.,ld,sslqgOf,Irc T#illFoJEg 1. the Problen &r NsvEr$er1, 1975, llllllarD C. Sulllvan, &rer Asslstgrt Dlrector, hstl.e Inteltl.Bence Dlvlslcr, Fe&ral &seau of lrrvesdgadrn, tesdfi€d before the SenaceSelect Ccrn'tttee to Snrty Goverrcncal Operat{,ms trlth Respect to IntelLLgenca Actlvldes. Ile rclsted that fr'6 late 1953and ccncfndng rntlt the essasslngclerr of Dr. t{artfn l-uther Rlng, Jn . KJngnas r.he target of an lntenshe c4atgn by rne F.B.I. to nestr&ffze hls 8s gr effeetlw dvll rf$rrc leader. SulUrrarr ststed t]ar tn the rnar egalnsc Kfng 'Nt holds rlere berred." (Saate Ecpcrrt lb. 9b755, IY,nal Seporc of the Select Cosd,ttee . to SErrrftGcnrcmcrrtal 0p€ratJcrrswlt$ Respectto IntelEgence Acdvfd€s, BockII, p, 11). thls srd otlrer testlury descrtblng,thls F.B.I. cornterlntelllgmce cryalgn agafns! Klrg reached r.hepr$ftc througfi tlre newsp+<lle. As a ccrlsegEncethere $as a re8eneratlcr of the rridespread gpeqd^atlm m t}re posslblllty thet the ereau uy trarn had sG, r€sponslbltlty tn Dr. Rlng'r. &atlr anduy not hate dare n &partlal ard tlro"prdl tmnsctgadorr of the sssasslnatlcr. Text https://vault.fbi.gov/Martin%20Luther %20King%2C%20Jr./Martin%20Luther %20King%2C%20Jr.%20Part%201%20of %202/view LOOK--> LOOK--> TextLOOK-->
  5. 5. 1964--letter from the FBI
  6. 6. Assassination Conspiracies • James Earl Ray? • white power bounty? • Memphis Police? • the feds? “I’d rather be dead than afraid.”
  7. 7. X and the Nation of Islam • Why did X and the Nation become popular? • bio connections • change can’t be legislated
  8. 8. Similarities and Differences 1964 Washington, D.C.
  9. 9. Differences: MLK vs X • stable, middle class childhood • non violent direct action • integration • use the system • frustration and depression • 1963 survey: 88% approval rate • abuse, foster care, criminal • whatever means necessary • separation* • system is corrupt • impact of the Hajj • 1963 survey: 15% approval rate
  10. 10. • powerful public speakers • (partially) inspired by religion • took a stand against the status quo • imprisoned (but for different reasons) • investigated by the FBI and CIA • opposed the war inVietnam • assassinated for their beliefs (X =1965, MLK=1968) • inspirational/icons Similarities
  11. 11. The Black Panther Party Who were they and what did they do?
  12. 12. Who? • originally formed in Cali • BPP for Self Defense • formed shortly after the assassination of X • grass roots programs • secular • supported all minority groups • black power! Huey Newton
  13. 13. Black Panther Programs • police patrol • breakfast • day care • medical care • reduce street violence • clothing • GED
  14. 14. Problems • the media (image vs impact) • COINTELPRO • role of white people • arrest of founding member • police shoot outs "the greatest threat to the internal security of the country" --J. Edgar Hoover
  15. 15. TI{E COINTELPROPAPERS Memo initiating COINTELPRO - BPP. - ghetto life- consequently, black comn COINTELPRO- BlackLiberation Movement 1 ( o Uenorandtn to lt. f. C. Sulllvan p,z -COUITERINTELLIGEIT@pRGRAlt IBIAGK MTIoMLIST - H,ATEGROTTPS fMcIrL INTELLICENCE !(gtao( pAltrHERpARrr, Ag ctated abovej the attached letter ytlr tnstnrct.. the fleld to cubnrt posr-tlve suglesttcrs !s to ."ir-" to be taken to ttnrart aird ar"nrpl-En" gpr. ro"tr,r"tiiir-.I -d.',1vlll be relterated thst no atttm ls to u" t"r."-rrtrr-rt - -_ . .- prlor hrraauauthorlty. ,:.. scopEor pnoposED@uNrERurrelr.icncE pRGAI!: Ihat attached letter , be approved, ln accordance ylth the above, -- fhege ?utgestlons are to c-f.eate.factlonalfqo be*fr not onlv the natlonil readers t'ut .rib r"aii=i;;;;"1;;6;-;,/ to neutrellze r11 organtzatlonal cfforts or-tle-gir as yell I as create.?!1p1c!on anongst the leadeF ar to eaeh "tLr"--. l.sourcer of flnances, a'sprcron conce!.nrry trrerr-ies;;i; r,-,i[, lposes snd c'sprcron as to rho 'o8y b" d"p.;;;r"" ylth . . .1. lan enforceoenr. rn addttr"o, "*ir;1";-;t;iiT i.i]too.a ll ts to uhony be cttenptrng to garn conrrol of the;;;;;;i- f . for tbe-lr ovn prrvate-betEern"it, p verl as euttestrons rr -, tto tbe best nethod of explotttng tbe forerg, "i3il ;d" G=, IBPPnenberg. ge are also sorrcrtrng .."oil""a";i;;;r7 ..1 - the best oethod of^creattlg oppgsltronr to trre gpi'; ;L-- ,,.-[:, part of the naJorlEy of tte riira"nts of tr,. Git;;. ....1.r.- . .+{.RECOOTENDATIoNs ..-___.-.i. 'rt* ,^-A.ti$tficant measureof theBlackPanthers'successwasdescriH in racisre-rmsby sullivanwhonotedthatmernbeTrHt_yls-murtipln^g rapidly.,,Begin ffi.,Tffiiiiiff:trffi:llltrs5ffl:**mj*fmsr'ru'-rucl€chaptersinmorethan adozencitiesi'rhisseemsdueirotonly to theappea*qter€rtir thePanthers'combinationof standingup for basicblackrights in theface :t even the most. "i:iplu_u*pr"rrio* or ryiu io*er with concreteprograms toqPgrade inner city life,
  16. 16. V*Y" Speclal Agent vcll vcraed ln lsvestlgrtlona -reletlng to blrct - nitfonafflt, bete-type orgenlzatloo!. Tbe ileld oltlce control t1le uoed uider ttrls progrtn lrry be nalntaloed ln a pendlog lnectlvc atetue untll sucb tlne ra I specltlc operstlon or tecbnlgue la placed uader conslderrtloa for loplenentatlon. to'esslgo responslblllty tot l,ollorlng rad coordlnatlog thls ner couoterlotelllgence progru 3o ln experlenced end fioaglnrtlve EAC, AlbaoY .August 25r-4967 | _.- contlnuouarbasle 8o ?c slll bo ln a posltlon to pronptly take advantegeiot all opPortunltleg lor counterlotelllgence cnd to lnsplre-actlon ln lnstanceg rberc clrcurostlnceg tarrant. lte inaoouvera nugt be exposed tO puUffc icru/oy rhore euch publlclty vl1t hrvet neutrarIzroseffi M rWT fh::" .ia"dbE,:,::o7 2 - Atlantr '"-.e 3b t2 - 9llldelghla /- :' ( ' 2 L B a l t l n o r e ! 9 v 2 - P b o e o t r " e " r ' ' > i ' r ' - ' ' 2'- bston ./ 2 - Plttsburgh 2 - Bultalo 11,^, 2 - Rlcboond re?e 29R67 2 - Gtarlottc ')( 109 2 - at. Ioula 2 - Chlcaeo 2 - 8an Fnoclgco --,/ 2 - Chlcago z - Ean lrrlDclsco --.- E 7h 2 - Clnc',nnatl l--;;;;1;;-l 2 - feablngtou Fleld oltlce r#*1:HItii^:^J"'*:::""1^/ /'r i,;t-t,z - rro"eil3olecff'ftr''lFofi,,,'fr ': / i . I iy :-i? -Neverk-'. r --^sannrrr'zD ^f l,.t' -| lr SEASONAL ATTE}IIIOR T'!O AI,L of &hlg nw counterlntclllgence ondeevor THE COINTELPROPAPERS Memo initiating COINTELPRO - Black Liberation Movement COINTELPRO- BlackLiberation Movement t II I|' !atter to EAC, Albruy EB3 @I,NTBRI}iT3LLIGENCStrROGTAI BIACI FI?IOi{ALIST - EATE cBOUpa tbelr torcea or to bc Srustratcd. countarl a prouo or rabble-rousar phlloegpby irubllcly or of thc rldlcu !eadora tbrough o! batc varloul Hany Lndlvlduale curreutly actlvc t,n bllcl nlilonallet organlzltlons bavc beckgrounda of t.unorrllty, aubverslve actlvlty, and crlnlnrl rscords, T$oyqh your invoatrlitlon ol l.oy agltatoii, you should endeavor to establlgb tbalr unsevory beckgroirnd-, Ba alErt to dotcrnl.na svldence of ulaapproprla-tlon oi funds-or otber typas o! peraonal nlsconduct on the prrt of rrllltaat agtlourllEt losdore 6tr aDy practlcal or neinnted couatsr- lntolllgenco Enti bc lnstltutcd. tntenelllod sttentlon undcr tblr grograra abould bc oftorded to tbe tctlvttlee of euch groupa os t[e gtudent Nonvlolent Coordinatlng Conalttce, tbe gouiharn Chrletlan Iaaderablp Conleroacc, Bevolgtlonart' Actlon lloveoent, tbc Deacona tor Delcns! lnd Justlce, Congreea of Baclal i[ual!.ty, and tbc Natlon ol lsla-o. Partlculer oapblsle should Ue gfvli to extroeolatt vbo dlroct tbc actlvltlea and pollelcc ot revolutt,oury or pllltrnt groupr sucb aE Stotaty'Csrnlcbeal, E. lBagn Brovn, Ell.Jab lbbtanrd, gnd tlrnrcll Btintord. ' At thlr t!,roe thE B.reau 1e aettlag up Do regulrooant tor atatus letters to be perlodlcelly aubotlto-d uudcr thlr Prograt. It 1111 bc lncurabent upon you to lneurc tbc Arogra.a 1r belng rttorded D€seBBrry and iontlnutng ettentton aoC tUet Do opportuDltler rlll br ovorlooked lor counterlutelllgebce gctlon. roa8! oonloun!.cgtt.ou srgdle. _!!1r progre-El Ehoutd not ba couluged vlth tbe proglan nConaunlat !a1tyr UBrlr.Counterlnteltlgencc- hogra^i, Securlty - Cr' (Brfllc 100-3-f0{), vhlcb 1c dliect6d -2- I. t i ootitlcd ilntornal in"r"D"::::".prT:it of this 'hew racial awarenesson the part of blacks led to a :'rureasern the number.oflynchings -seventy-six to_consolldeto ndherEotr nutrt to erplolt t

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