Backup of backup of ap euro contact w americas

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Backup of backup of ap euro contact w americas

  1. 1. Contact with the AmericasThursday, January 27, 2011
  2. 2. Thursday, January 27, 2011
  3. 3. Who was first? • Asians and the Bering Strait land bridge 10-15,000 (or more) years ago, duh! • depends... • what is America?Thursday, January 27, 2011
  4. 4. Thursday, January 27, 2011
  5. 5. The candidates China 1421 Leif 900s “Amteric” Cristobol Colon Portuguese 1460s Polynesians 1000 Giovanni Caboto 1497 Africa 1311Thursday, January 27, 2011
  6. 6. How will we know?Thursday, January 27, 2011
  7. 7. How will we know? • DNA testing • ocean currents • archeology • sunken shipsThursday, January 27, 2011
  8. 8. Why did they come? The Portuguese • initial leaders of exploration • trade outposts in Africa • route to the “Indies” • slaves and sugar--BrazilThursday, January 27, 2011
  9. 9. Why did they come? SpainThursday, January 27, 2011
  10. 10. Why did they come? Spain • trade route and resources • encounter with the indigenous people • different value systems • encomienda system • Cortes (1524) and divide and conquer • Bartolomé de las CasasThursday, January 27, 2011
  11. 11. Why did they come? EnglandThursday, January 27, 2011
  12. 12. Why did they come? England • prolific in the NE of North America • pause: Reformation • resume: industrial revolution! • competition with Spain and France • religious fundamentalistsThursday, January 27, 2011
  13. 13. Why did they come? FranceThursday, January 27, 2011
  14. 14. Why did they come? France • busy in the 15th c. with religious wars • vampire effect • compete with Spain and England • highest amount of tolerationThursday, January 27, 2011
  15. 15. Consequences of Euro ContactThursday, January 27, 2011
  16. 16. Consequences of Euro Contact • Americas estimated population total before Euro contact = 20 to 40,000,000 • 90% of the population perishes from disease, warfare and suicide • New ethnic groups: mestizos and zambos • shift in land usage • slave tradeThursday, January 27, 2011
  17. 17. Thursday, January 27, 2011
  18. 18. Colombian Exchange • From Europe to the AmericasThursday, January 27, 2011
  19. 19. Thursday, January 27, 2011
  20. 20. Colombian Exchange • From the Americas to Europe syphilis*Thursday, January 27, 2011

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