1. According to Pericles, what made Athens great?2. Why do you think Pericles would call Athens the “school of Greece”?3. How did he help Athens dominate the Delian League?4. How did Pericles make Athens more democratic?5. How did culture in Athens blossom under Pericles?
When was it? ◦ The period of roughly 480 BC-404 BC What was it? ◦ A time when Athens produced some of the most enduring cultural artifacts of the Western tradition Why did it occur? ◦ End of the Persian Wars ◦ Delian League established
Public buildings and spaces were the pride of Athens Acropolis “high city”- temples to the gods
“Lovers of wisdom” ◦ Philos- lover ◦ Sophist-wise Believed the human mind could understand everything Socrates, Plato, Aristotl e, Pythagoras
Socrates ◦ Socratic Method- Asked students to use their reason and see things for themselves ◦ Put to death for “threatening ” leaders ◦ Drank poison to carry out jury’s sentence
One of Socrates’ students Wrote “The Republic” ◦ Society should be arranges like this: ◦ Top: Philosopher-Kings, who rule with reason ◦ Warriors- to defend ◦ The Rest- Driven by desire Started a school called the Academy
Student of Plato Taught the Golden Mean- people should do nothing in excess Used scientific approach to solve problems
•Cornice is the set of crowning moldings that cap an entablature in Classical architecture.cornice •The Doric order is characterized by the series of triglyphs and metopes on the entablature. •Each metope was occupied by a panel of triglyph relief sculpture. metope •Architrave:The word is derived from the Greek word for main beam. architrave •Capital: The topmost element of the column, helps to transfer loads from beams to columns. capital •Shaft: The long round section of aflute shaft column between the base and the capital.