Feudalism Notes

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Feudalism Notes

  1. 1. GEOGRAPHY CHALLENGE WHAT’S THE MAJORDIFFERENCES BETWEEN THESE TWO MAPS? WHAT IS THEREASON FOR THIS?Roman Empire Medieval Europe
  2. 2. THE MIDDLE AGES From the Fall of the Roman Empire to the year 1450
  3. 3. WHATS SO MIDDLE ABOUT THE MIDDLEAGES? The Middle Ages The Dark Ages Medieval Period Feudalism Renaissance Crusades Black Death begins in Italy Castles Knights/ Chivalry Magna Carta 476 1400 No more unity in Europe after the Romans
  4. 4. HOW WELL DID FEUDALISM ESTABLISH ORDER INEUROPE IN THE MIDDLE AGES? Fall of the Roman Empire= beginning of the Middle Ages Early Middle Ages:  Survival was hard  Lots of invasions and starvation People needed:  Food  Protection
  5. 5. WHAT IS FEUDALISM? People pledge loyalty to a lord in exchange for protection  Oath of Fealty Knights fought to protect their lords Peasants worked the land for food
  6. 6. WESTERN EUROPE DURING THE MIDDLEAGES For 500 years, much of Europe was under Roman control and protection After the fall of Rome, Europe was left with no central government or system of defense Many groups began to fight with each other- the strongest were the Franks
  7. 7. CHARLEMAGNES EMPIRE One of the strongest leaders of the Franks  Used knights on horseback; gave knights land in return for their protection United Europe under a Christian empire Worked with the Pope Helped prepare the way for feudalism by providing knights with land as a payment
  8. 8. A NEED FOR ORDER AND PROTECTION Europeans threatened by:  Muslims in Spain  Tribes from Asia  Vikings from Norway and Denmark
  9. 9. FEUDALISM
  10. 10. WESTERN EUROPE DURING THE MIDDLEAGES For 500 years, much of Europe was under Roman control and protection After the fall of Rome, Europe was left with no central government or system of defense Many groups began to fight with each other- the strongest were the Franks
  11. 11. CHARLEMAGNES EMPIRE One of the strongest leaders of the Franks  Used knights on horseback; gave knights land in return for their protection United Europe under a Christian empire Worked with the Pope Helped prepare the way for feudalism by providing knights with land as a payment
  12. 12. A NEED FOR ORDER AND PROTECTION Europeans threatened by:  Muslims in Spain  Tribes from Asia  Vikings from Norway and Denmark  People from the North who made quick raids on European villages
  13. 13. MONARCHS DURING FEUDAL TIMES Monarchs believed in the “divine right of kings,” which meant that God gave them the right to rule. William defeated his cousin Harold and established a line of Norman kings in England, bringing feudalism with him. Feudalism brought stability and order to England.
  14. 14. LORDS AND LADIES DURING FEUDAL TIMES Lords:  responsible for managing and defending their manors and acting as judges. They fought for their own lords in times of war, and supplied soldiers. They also appointed officials. Noblewomen:  responsible for raising and training their children and sometimes the children of other noble families. They were also responsible for overseeing their large households.
  15. 15. KNIGHTS DURING FEUDAL TIMES Steps to Knighthood:  started training for knighthood by becoming a page, where he learned skills, such as horseback riding and singing.  After seven years, he became a squire and learned how to fight as a warrior. A deserving squire was made a knight in his early 20s at a special ceremony. Knights were the mounted soldiers in the feudal system and were expected to be loyal to their Church and lord, to be fair, and to protect the helpless.
  16. 16. EXAMPLE CODE OF CHIVALRY I promise to be loyal to the Church and my lord. I will be just and fair and protect the helpless. When possible, I will perform acts of gallantry and I will show respect to women.
  17. 17. PEASANTS DURING MEDIEVAL TIMES Most peasants worked at raising crops and tending livestock. Some worked as carpenters, shoemakers, and smiths. Peasants paid taxes to lords. The daily lives of peasants revolved around work. They had to pay numerous taxes. They were required to grind their grain at the lord’s mill and the miller kept grain for the lord and for himself. They lived in small homes with few possessions. Serfs were bound to the manor and couldn’t leave without permission.

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