Lessons haiti pres


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Lessons haiti pres

  1. 1.
  2. 2. January 12, 2010: Earthquake in Haiti <br />GRESSIER<br />40-50% destroyed<br />Population 25,000<br />LEOGANE<br />80-90% destroyed<br />Population: 134,000<br />5,000-10,000 people killed<br />CARREFOUR<br />40-50% destroyed<br />Population: 334,000<br />PORT-AU-PRINCE<br />Population: 2,000,000<br />500,000 located in 447 makeshift settlements<br />PETIT GOAVE<br />15% destroyed<br />Population: 254,000<br />1,077 people killed<br />HAITI EARTHQUAKE STASTICS<br /> 230,000 deaths<br /> 200,000 injuries<br /> 1,000,000 displacements<br /> 2,000,000 in need of food assistance<br /> 3,000,000 affected<br />
  3. 3. Media Penetration in Haiti<br />Radio ownership in Haiti is virtually universal: 97 % of respondents own a working radio.<br />Haiti's 9.6 million people possessed only 108,000 landlines in 2009 (142nd in the world per capita) compared to 3.6 million cell phones.<br />Almost 10 % of Haitians described as "Internet users“ – but infrastructure problematic.<br />Haiti's newspapers have been hampered by the country's 52 % literacy rate.<br />
  4. 4. Media and Communications Ecosystem<br />
  5. 5. Satellite Image of Port-au-Prince<br />
  6. 6. Map of Port-au-Prince<br />
  7. 7. Tufts-Ushahidi and Mission 4636<br />An ad hoc coalition quickly took shape, anchored by a group of graduate students at Tufts University in Boston.<br />
  8. 8. Ushahidi-Haiti<br />
  9. 9. Mission 4636<br />The coalition of Haitian diaspora, technology volunteers and companies created a solution to transform crowdsourced data to actionable information.<br /><ul><li> Short Code 4636 provided as free service by Haitian telecom Digicel
  10. 10. Over 1000 Creole speaking volunteers translate SMS messages
  11. 11. Messages then streamed back to relief groups in Haiti.
  12. 12. Two weeks after the earthquake, Crowdflower took over management</li></li></ul><li>Mission 4636: SMS Messages<br />SMS to shortcode 4636<br />Translation<br />Geolocation<br />Categorize<br />Verification<br />Mapping<br />Report<br />
  13. 13. Example of an<br />SMS Emergency Report<br />The following SMS message was sent by a doctor with the Tufts/Mission 4636 group to the United States Coast Guard to follow up with assistance.<br />[1/24/10 5:17:47 PM]<br />D. R– S-----: Two persons are trapped under the rubble at the Caribbean Market. One of them, Regine M-- - here is using this number: (+1+ 305 --- ---- to call for help.<br />Coordinates: 18.522547, -72.283544.<br />[names withheld to protect privacy]<br />
  14. 14. Example of an<br />SMS Message in Creole<br />The following SMS message was sent in Creole with the Shortcode 4636 to the Ushahidi platform to follow up with assistance.<br />[1/21/10 23:59]<br />Jodi a fe 4 joumwen pa mange tanprimouingrangoumouinkay yon mounnansain marc rue louverturenumero 75.<br />kowodone: 19.10196, -72.69954<br />[Very rough translation: Today haven’t eaten for 4 days, please in a basement Saint Marc Rue L’Ouverture #75] <br />
  15. 15. Humanitarian Media Response<br />Local Haitian media helped to connect international organizations to the Haitian public.<br />Humanitarian information engagement in Haiti was notable for its preparedness, speed of response and attempts to integrate into local popular culture.<br />
  16. 16. Radio: Signal FM<br />Radio: Access can be shared easily and relatively cheaply among many people, serves both literate and illiterate populations.<br />Haiti has over 250 commercial and community radio stations.<br />Signal FM was the only radio station that stayed on the air continuously, broadcasting to an audience of nearly 3 million throughout the crisis.<br />
  17. 17. Humanitarian Media Initiatives<br />International organizations supported local humanitarian media initiatives. They included:<br />Internews<br />IMS<br />AMARC<br />International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)<br />UNESCO<br />Reporters sans Frontiers<br />These groups provided facilities for local journalists, cash grants, and technical equipment and training.<br />
  18. 18. ENDK: News You Can Use<br />The show began on 11 stations<br />On January 21, Internews set up a humanitarian reporting project to report critical information.<br /><ul><li> The show began on 11 stations
  19. 19. The show reported on:
  20. 20. Water distribution points
  21. 21. Status of displaced persons </li></ul> camps<br /><ul><li> Public health advisories
  22. 22. The program became available </li></ul> on 27 stations within a few weeks<br />
  23. 23. U.S. Marine Corps. <br />22ND Marine Expeditionary Unit <br />Craig Clarke, a civilian analyst for U.S. Marine Corps, worked with crisis mapping platform Ushahidi, to provide support for Marine rescue units on the ground.<br />Reports from Ushahidi helped Marines:<br /><ul><li> Supply water in a displaced persons </li></ul> camp<br /><ul><li> Distribute devices to sanitize drinking </li></ul> water<br /><ul><li> Police areas and ensure barricades </li></ul> were not blocking aid from reaching <br /> victims<br />
  24. 24. Media and Communications Ecosystem<br />