Drugs Alcohol and Young People A presentation for the Richmond upon Thames Drug Misuse Task Group
The Drug Education Forum <ul><li>Forum of national  organisations  committed to improving the practice and profile of drug...
London and Richmond upon Thames <ul><li>Drug use by young people </li></ul>
Drug and Alcohol Use In London <ul><li>Cost to London Ambulance Service for young people’s alcohol misuse estimated at £50...
Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in London 2006 to 2008
Mean consumption of alcohol by young people in London who drank in the last week “ After drinking 10-12 units of alcohol, ...
 
Budget for Substance Misuse Spending by Children's Services in London in 2009 - 2010 £242,100 Richmond upon Thames report ...
Drug Education in School
Frequency and Quality of Drug Education in School <ul><li>>60% of schools provide drug education once a year or less. </li...
Quality and Effectiveness <ul><li>“ The lack of nationally provided/quality assured resources was an issue for some, with ...
Government Strategy <ul><li>Reducing Demand, Restricting Supply, Building Recovery </li></ul>
Reducing Demand, Restricting Supply, Building Recovery. <ul><li>Government Strategy has two broad aims </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Strategy - Education and Information <ul><li>“ All young people need high quality drug and alcohol education so they have ...
Resources <ul><li>In 2009/2010 overall direct spend on drugs was  £1,022.5 m </li></ul><ul><li>Education allocation has de...
Allen Review <ul><li>Early Intervention the Next Steps </li></ul>
<ul><li>“  Early Intervention is an approach which offers our country a real opportunity to make lasting improvements in t...
<ul><li>“  Early Intervention may be most effective before the age of 3, but we also need to address those aged 0–18 so th...
School Based Drug Prevention <ul><li>“  Unfortunately, there has been a tendency for UK schools to develop their own subst...
A final thought
Substance Abuse Prevention Dollars and Cents: A Cost Benefits Analysis <ul><li>“ The average effective school-based progra...
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Presentation to Richmond upon Thames Drug Misuse Task Group

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  • Right time, right place, Alcohol Concern (2010) “highest teenage alcohol-related injuries across Europe” Arrests – 11% = 4691.83 (total arrests = 42,653) Source = Police Powers and Procedures, England and Wales 2008/09 Home Office (2010) 23,528 sought treatment nationally &apos;Substance Misuse Among Young People: The Data for 2009-10&apos;  NTA (2010)
  • Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England Findings by region, 2006 to 2008, Information Centre (2010)
  • Adult drinking: men in the UK drank 16.3 units of alcohol a week on average in 2009, down from 17.4 in 2008, while women drank eight units a week on average, down from 9.4 in the previous year.
  • Source: Tellus 4, DCSF (2010) National average was 9% saying they had taken a drug.
  • Source: S251 returns to DfE
  • 33% of primary schools use external speakers and 17% use school nurses 54% of secondary schools used a guest speaker and 17% use school nurses
  • Education budget cut by 28% over 4 years Source: United Kingdom Drug Situation 2010 Edition, Department of Health (2010)
  • Presentation to Richmond upon Thames Drug Misuse Task Group

    1. 1. Drugs Alcohol and Young People A presentation for the Richmond upon Thames Drug Misuse Task Group
    2. 2. The Drug Education Forum <ul><li>Forum of national organisations committed to improving the practice and profile of drug education in England. </li></ul><ul><li>We believe that drug education should: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include legal, illegal and illicit drugs and substances; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve not only schools, youth organisations, children and young people, adults and professionals working in a range of settings but also families and the wider community; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify children and young people's knowledge and experience and use this as a starting point for further learning; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use appropriate methods that are subject to evaluation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.drugeducationforum.com </li></ul>
    3. 3. London and Richmond upon Thames <ul><li>Drug use by young people </li></ul>
    4. 4. Drug and Alcohol Use In London <ul><li>Cost to London Ambulance Service for young people’s alcohol misuse estimated at £500,000 a year. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1 in 10 arrests of young people in London are for drug offences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second highest in England after Liverpool. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There were 3,367 young people who received treatment in London last year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14% of national total of 23,528 </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in London 2006 to 2008
    6. 6. Mean consumption of alcohol by young people in London who drank in the last week “ After drinking 10-12 units of alcohol, your co-ordination will be seriously impaired, placing you at high risk of having an accident. The high levels of alcohol will have a depressant effect on your body and mind, making you feel drowsy.”
    7. 8. Budget for Substance Misuse Spending by Children's Services in London in 2009 - 2010 £242,100 Richmond upon Thames report to DCSF
    8. 9. Drug Education in School
    9. 10. Frequency and Quality of Drug Education in School <ul><li>>60% of schools provide drug education once a year or less. </li></ul><ul><li>“ drugs education tended to be identified as a weaker aspect of PSHE education” </li></ul><ul><li>“ some pupils said that they would like more information on drugs, alcohol and smoking which they thought were more important  than some other areas that they did cover within PSHE education.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) Education: A mapping study of the prevalent models of delivery and their effectiveness – DfE (2011) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Quality and Effectiveness <ul><li>“ The lack of nationally provided/quality assured resources was an issue for some, with a plethora of private sector companies offering consultancy services in the area, but with no clear means of assuring the quality of this provision for schools.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is some indication that those schools which are more independent of LA support (particularly at secondary level), such as voluntary aided and foundation schools, may be more likely to use PSHE education delivery methods that are associated with being less effective, such as provision via drop-down days or through tutor/form group time.” </li></ul>
    11. 12. Government Strategy <ul><li>Reducing Demand, Restricting Supply, Building Recovery </li></ul>
    12. 13. Reducing Demand, Restricting Supply, Building Recovery. <ul><li>Government Strategy has two broad aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce illicit and other harmful drug use; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the numbers recovering from their dependence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reducing demand with children young people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earliest Interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education and Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeted Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young People’s Treatment </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Strategy - Education and Information <ul><li>“ All young people need high quality drug and alcohol education so they have a thorough knowledge of their effects and harms and have the skills and confidence to choose not to use drugs and alcohol.” </li></ul><ul><li>Government will provide information, advice and support which will enable schools to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide accurate information through drug education and targeted information using FRANK. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use wider search powers to tackle problem behaviours in school, and to tackle drug dealing in schools. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with the local voluntary sector and police to prevent drug and alcohol misuse. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Resources <ul><li>In 2009/2010 overall direct spend on drugs was £1,022.5 m </li></ul><ul><li>Education allocation has decreased year on year from £5.4 m in 2006/7 to £3.9 m in 2009/10. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Department of Health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>£406.7m next year for treatment of which £25.4 m allocated for young people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: NTA </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Allen Review <ul><li>Early Intervention the Next Steps </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>“ Early Intervention is an approach which offers our country a real opportunity to make lasting improvements in the lives of our children, to forestall many persistent social problems and end their transmission from one generation to the next, and to make long-term savings in public spending.” </li></ul><ul><li>The Early Intervention Review Team 2011 </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>“ Early Intervention may be most effective before the age of 3, but we also need to address those aged 0–18 so they can become the most effective parents possible for the next generation of 0–3s. The 0–18 cycle needs to be addressed over and over again until the repetition of dysfunction from one generation to another is finally broken.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ A shift to a primary prevention strategy in the UK is essential to underpin all other recommendations in this report. We shall continue to waste billions of pounds unless and until we base all relevant policy on the premise that all children should have the best start in life.” </li></ul>
    18. 19. School Based Drug Prevention <ul><li>“ Unfortunately, there has been a tendency for UK schools to develop their own substance misuse and life skills programmes rather than use proven models such as Life Skills Training (LST), which are known to improve outcomes for children.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ LST is currently provided to about 20 per cent of adolescents in schools in the US. The curriculum comprises 30 lessons provided by classroom teachers in schools over a three-year period. The classes reduce individual vulnerability and foster resistance to the social influences such as media, family and friends known to contribute to the use of gateway drugs.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated cost benefit ratio of 1:25 </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. A final thought
    20. 21. Substance Abuse Prevention Dollars and Cents: A Cost Benefits Analysis <ul><li>“ The average effective school-based program in 2002 costs $220 per pupil including materials and teacher training, and these programs could save an estimated $18 per $1 invested if implemented nationwide. ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US government's Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration  (2009) </li></ul></ul>

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