The presidency


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Basic facts about the presidency with an assignment on presidential approval ratings.

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The presidency

  1. 1. The PresidencyWas there a President under the Articles of Confederation? No.Qualifications, Terms, Removal, Replacement 1. Must be 35 years old or older, natural born citizen, resident of U.S. for 14 or more years. 2. Four-year terms, originally with no limit on number of terms. 3. After FDR was elected to 3rd term, country passed the 22nd Amendment limiting Presidents to two terms. 4. Presidents can be removed from office using the impeachment process. The House votes to impeach, the Senate holds the trial.Powers of the Presidency 1. Appointment a. Senate must approve many appointments but not all b. The Presidential Cabinet evolved over time, it’s not in the Constitution 2. Convene Congress a. President gives State of the Union b. Can call Congress into special session 3. Make Treaties a. Senate must approve with 2/3 vote b. President can get around this with an executive agreement 4. Veto a. Congress can override the veto, but has only happened about 100 times out of 2,500 vetoes. 5. Commander in Chief of the military a. Congress attempted to regain control with the War Powers Act (1973:Vietnam) 6. Pardon a. Overturn guilty verdicts (except impeachment)The Powers over Time 1. George Washington established office as strong chief executive. 2. Most of later presidents allowed Congress to dominate. 3. With FDR, power of the President increased a lot, and continues to expand today.The Presidential Establishment 1. The Vice President a. His duties depend on the President b. Clinton allowed Mondale a major role c. Cheney (under Bush) the most powerful VP ever 2. Cabinet a. Not in the Constitution
  2. 2. b. Helps President execute laws and make decisions 3. First Lady a. Role varies with the woman 4. Executive Office of the President a. Helps the President oversee the bureaucracy b. National Security Council c. Council of Economic Advisors d. Office of Management and Budget 5. White House StaffPresidents and Public OpinionPublic opinion plays a major role in modern Presidents’ ability to act.Assignment: 1. Go to 2. Click on Presidential Approval Ratings under Important Links. 3. Choose a President to research. 4. Describe the trends in that Presidents popularity. Where did his approval ratings start and end? Was there a single overall trend or were there lots of ups and downs? 5. Find out what events had an impact on major changes (good or bad) in that Presidents popularity. 6. Create a time line tracking both. 7. Produce a final product that includes the following: a. Name of your chosen President. b. His term of office. c. A paragraph describing popularity trends during his term of office. d. A paragraph listing major events that had an impact on popularity. e. A time line in table form with four columns: Date, Event, Impact on popularity (+ or -), Approval rating. Your timeline should have at least four events