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Art Appreciation Topic VII: Romanticism


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Art Appreciation Topic VII: Romanticism

  1. 1. Romanticism was a multi-layered movement that took manyforms and affected most branches of the arts. It began in the late 18 thcentury and flowered most fully in the early 19 th. Unlike the Neoclassicists who promoted order and reason, theRomantics believed in the power of the imagination, emotion andindividualism. These qualities could be evoked in very different ways.Much of their work was focused on the past but was typically set in theMiddle Ages rather than classical antiquity. While classical artistsreshaped nature to suit their ordered compositions, the Romanticsportrayed it as wild and ungovernable. In their landscapes, someRomantic painters liked to show the individual as being dwarfed by theforces of nature, which were portrayed as an expression of humanemotions and often given a mystical or visionary role. At the same time, a sense of individualism can also be linked tothe spirit of rebellion that epitomizes the Romantic era. Its anti-rationalistovertones led artists to explore themes that were linked with horror,madness, violence and the supernatural. There was also a taste for theexotic.
  2. 2. Cupid and Psyche by Gerard
  3. 3. Portrait ofMadameRécamier by Gerard
  4. 4. Portrait of the Empress Josephine by Prud’hon
  5. 5. The Raft of the Medusa by Gericault
  6. 6. AMadwoman andCompulsive Gambler by Gericault
  7. 7. TheMadwoman Afflictedwith Envy by Gericault
  8. 8. Aspasia byDelacroix
  9. 9. TheMassacreof Chios byDelacroix
  10. 10. LibertyLeading the People byDelacroix
  11. 11. The Algerian Women by Delacroix
  12. 12. TheDeparture of the Volunteers of 1792 by Rude
  13. 13. Esther byChassériau
  14. 14. Witchesin the Air by Goya
  15. 15. The Witches’ Sabbath by Goya
  16. 16. Time and theOld Women by Goya
  17. 17. SaturnDevouring His Son by Goya
  18. 18. TheHülsenbeck Children by Runge
  19. 19. TheWandererAbove theSea of Fog byFriedrich
  20. 20. The Sea of Ice by Friedrich
  21. 21. Man and WomanContemplating the Moon by Friedrich
  22. 22. The Romantic movement in Germany was led by agroup of artists known as the Nazarenes (c.1809-30), whosought to revive honesty and spirituality in Christian art. Thiswas most obvious from their attempts to mimic the lifestyle ofthe painter-monks from the early Renaissance. The term“Nazarene” stemmed from their communal, semi-monasticlifestyle and their affectation of wearing biblical clothing andhair styles. Contemporary critics believed that the Nazarenes wereresponsible for the rebirth of German art, although theyconceded that much of their work was focused on the past. TheNazarenes were also closely linked with the upsurge ofnationalist sentiments in Germany, which led some of theirmembers to portray patriotic themes from German history andlegend. The Nazarenes also attempted to revive the art ofmedieval fresco painting.
  23. 23. The Wise and Foolish Virgins by von Cornelius
  24. 24. Italia andGermania byOverbeck
  25. 25. Christ’s First Appearance to the People by Ivanov
  26. 26. Pegwell Bay by Dyce
  27. 27. The Nightmare by Fuseli
  28. 28. The Three Witches by Fuseli
  29. 29. TheAncient of Days by Blake
  30. 30. The RedDragon andthe Woman Clothed in the Sun by Blake
  31. 31. Early Morning by Palmer
  32. 32. Shoreham Garden by Palmer
  33. 33. Pandemonium by Martin
  34. 34. The Great Day of His Wrath by Martin
  35. 35. The White Horse byConstable
  36. 36. The Hay Wain by Constable
  37. 37. Stonehenge by Constable
  38. 38. The Slave Ship byTurner
  39. 39. Rain, Steam and Speed by Turner
  40. 40. Moonlit Landscape by Allston
  41. 41. Elijah in the Desert by Allston
  42. 42. Daniel Boone Sitting atthe Door of His Cabin by Cole
  43. 43. The Course of Empire: Destruction by Cole
  44. 44. Fanciful Landscape by Doughty
  45. 45. Desert Rock Lighthouse by Doughty
  46. 46. Denning’s Point, Hudson River by Doughty
  47. 47. IndianRescue byDurand
  48. 48. NiagaraFalls from theAmerican Side by Church
  49. 49. The Oregon Trail by Bierstadt
  50. 50. Rocky Mountain Landscape by Bierstadt