Prevention of Musculoskeletal disorders & role of physical therapist (assignment)


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Prevention of Musculoskeletal disorders & role of physical therapist (assignment). causes of MSK disorders , Factors to be considered in Prevention of MSK disorders.

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Prevention of Musculoskeletal disorders & role of physical therapist (assignment)

  1. 1. RIPHAH INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY Prevention of Musculoskeletal disorders And role of physical therapist Tahir Ramzan 12/31/2013
  2. 2. Assignment No: 02 Health & Wellness 29/04/13 What is the role of physical therapist in prevention of musculoskeletal disorders? A musculoskeletal system is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using the muscular and skeletal systems. The musculoskeletal system provides form, support, stability, and movement to the body. The term musculoskeletal disorders denoted health problem of the locomotor apparatus i.e. of muscles, tendon, skeleton, cartilage, ligaments etc. Because many other body systems, including the vascular, nervous, and integumentary systems, are interrelated, disorders of one of these systems may also affect the musculoskeletal system and complicate the diagnosis of the disorder's origin Any Disability regarding musculoskeletal system is mostly the cause of Poor posture Abnormal body alignment Consistency in same body position for long time repetitive or sustained application of force Repetitive or sustained awkward posture. Repetitive or sustained movement. Application of high force including jerky or unexpected force. Exposure to sustained vibration in combination with any of the above . Handling of live people or animals, or . Handling of loads that are unstable, unbalanced or difficult to grasp or hold. Diseases of the musculoskeletal system mostly encompass functional disorders or motion discrepancies. Disorders of muscles from another body system can bring about irregularities such as: impairment of ocular motion and control, respiratory dysfunction, and bladder malfunction. Physical Therapist do not wait for “DISORDER” to occurs ..So He Goes for “Prevention..
  3. 3. Factors to be considered in Prevention: 1. The Ideal Balance: A weighed balance between activity and rest is necessary. Res pauses are prerequisites for recovery from load-induced strained and for preventing accumulation of fatigue. Overload and inactivity should be avoided. The individual “favourable load” can vary from subject to subject depending on functional abilities and individual resources.
  4. 4. 2. The principle of Ergonomics: A Risk for musculoskeletal disorders appears if the load and functional capacity of the working person are not balanced. The basic principle of ergonomics is to create a balance between requirements of work and capacity of the working person, by either adapting work to the person or by design of respective apparatus or by developing capacity of worker in training programmes etc. 3. Work performing Strategies: A risk factor for overloading the musculoskeletal system results from performing the work by the worker. There are less risky strategies to execute the task e.g lifting heavy having COG near the body. To fulfil this demand, heavy objects should b lifted whenever possible by bending the knees instead of bending back .
  5. 5. 4. Consider the work area design and layout The physical features of the workplace can significantly affect the way work is done and can be a source of risk. Placement or design of items in a work area can lead to workers being exposed to: sustained exertion of force sustained awkward posture repetitive reaching bending or twisting, and increased frequency of tasks A work area designed without consideration of the risks that arise from manual tasks may impose awkward postures on workers undertaking manual tasks, for example, bent and twisted positions with shoulders raised and the need to reach for items over long distances. This also increases the amount of force required to carry out the task. 5. Consider the working environment Workers may be exposed to a variety of thermal environments while undertaking tasks in certain occupations and industries. These conditions can lead to: increased grip force due to reduced sensitivity in the hands in cold environments or difficulty grasping due to perspiration on the hands in hot environments sudden high force due to loads slipping from the hand, or sustained forceful exertion to maintain a grip.
  6. 6. The need to wear personal protective equipment for the thermal environment can be an additional source of risk while undertaking manual tasks, for example, wearing thick clothing that restricts movement while working in cold condition. Carpel tunnel syndrome prevention:
  7. 7. Prevention of Tennis Elbow: Back pain: ________________ END ______________ To: Dr. Asad By: Tahir Ramzan (3855)