What is a Fixed Orthodontic Appliance
Indications & contraindications
Attachment methods for fixed
Various types of fixed orthodontic
Appliances that are attached to teeth
Surfaces & are capable to
Generate a range of tooth movement
& can be removed by the
Orthodontists at the end of treatment.
(Marina koletis , Health Sciences , August 29 , 2012)
Fixed orthodontic appliances are indicated
whenever multiple tooth movement is
Controlled space closure at extraction sites
Torque control etc.
Patient maintains good oral hygiene.
Must be co-operative.
Attends appointments regularly to adjust the
Poorly motivated patient:
Patient should understand that his/her cooperation
will be required throughout the treatment.
Poor dental health:
A patient, who does not maintain oral hygiene
routinely, cannot be expected to maintain the
stringent oral hygiene procedures required with fixed
Mal-occlusions beyond the scope of
fixed orthodontic appliances:
Mal-occlusions that are skeletal or otherwise beyond
the scope of orthodontics should not be attempted.
COMPONENTS OF FIXED
Components which form any Fixed Orthodontic
Appliance System are divided into two categories
depending upon their ability to generate forces:
1. Active Components
2. Passive Components
These are the components which are
capable of generating tooth moving forces:
4) Elastics & elastomerics
Separators are used to create spaces between
two adjacent teeth, generally for the purpose of
There are various types of separators:
a) Brass wire separators
b) Kesling’s spring separators
c) Ring separators
d) Dumbbell separators