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Cultural and Folk Masks of Nepal by Prof. Dr. Shanker Thapa

Excellent Mask collection from NEPAL

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Cultural and Folk Masks of Nepal by Prof. Dr. Shanker Thapa

  1. 1. The Masks of Nepal <ul><li>Dr. Shanker Thapa </li></ul><ul><li>Professor </li></ul><ul><li>Central Department of History </li></ul><ul><li>Tribhuvan University </li></ul><ul><li>Kirtipur, Kathmandu </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Presented by
  3. 3. THE MASKS OF NEPAL <ul><li>Ethnic </li></ul><ul><li>Folk </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Deity </li></ul><ul><li>Demons </li></ul><ul><li>Ghosts </li></ul><ul><li>Shaman </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Exorcist </li></ul>Bhairav
  4. 4. CULTURAL, religious & FOLK MASKS From NEPAL Dr. SHANKER THAPA Associate Professor TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY KATHMANDU, NEPAL dr [email_address]
  5. 5. <ul><li>Presented by </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Shanker Thapa Associate Professor Central Department of History Tribhuvan University Kathmandu Nepal </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Phone : + 977-1-6611470 + 977- 9841495721 [email_address] </li></ul>
  6. 6. Political Map of Nepal
  7. 7. Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Communities Gurung Pahadi Castes Brahmin, Kshetriya, and Dalit, Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newar Other Castes Tamang Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali
  8. 8. Ethnicity and Mask Possession <ul><li>The ethnic and caste groups who developed the culture of mask were the agrarian groups. They include – </li></ul><ul><li>- Newar, Magar, Gurung, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa and other Himalayan people of Tibetan origin. </li></ul><ul><li>- Tharu and other Tarai communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaman practitioners of all ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus, Buddhists and folk religious groups </li></ul><ul><li>Tantrics, Exorcists and other practitioners. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ethnicity, Mask and Mask Dances <ul><li>Various kinds of Hindu and Buddhist mask dances are performed as part of religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The rules of ritual are strictly followed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic mask dances, which are rich in content and spectacular. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonic masks are used in various folk dances and open air theater. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Typology of NEPALI MASKS <ul><ul><li>Religious Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Folk Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deity Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance Drama Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exorcist Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Festival Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ritual Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaman Masks </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Mask Properties Masks are made of > Metal [ Brass, Copper, Iron ] Terracotta Wood Paper Leaves Cloth Straw Paint
  12. 12. AESTHETIC OF NEPALI MASKS <ul><li>Very rich tradition of ‘Mask culture and heritage. </li></ul><ul><li>Several hundred types of masks exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Lively cultural roles and religious as well as folk significance. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic diversity led to develop varied forms of masks with diverse features. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aesthetic of Nepali Masks contd. . . . <ul><li>Most ethnic groups have indigenous masks culture, which they perform in specified days round the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Nepali masks are religious, folk, cultural, festival, Shaman and exorcist. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic features are visible in designs and expressions. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aesthetic of Nepali Masks contd. . . . <ul><li>Masks are colourful or without colour or one colour mostly black. </li></ul><ul><li>Masks reflect the world view and identity of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in festivals, ceremonies, worship, practices etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Aesthetic of Nepali Masks contd. . . . . <ul><li>Spectacular with profound iconography, pattern, expression and role assigned so far. </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns and performances reflect cultural uniqueness and ethnic identity. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Masks of God God Mahakala of Tantric Buddhism
  17. 17. The Masks of God Ganesha - The God of Auspicious Moments
  18. 18. The Masks of Gods Mahakal Mask of Hindu Deities
  19. 19. The Masks of Gods Tibetan style Mahakala popular among the Himalayan Buddhists in Nepal
  20. 20. The Masks of Gods
  21. 21. Masks of Gods Newar Mask Varaha
  22. 22. Masks of Gods
  23. 23. Masks of Gods
  24. 24. Masks of Gods
  25. 25. Masks of Gods Shiva Indra Varahi
  26. 26. Masks of Gods Shiva from Tarai Wooden Mahakal
  27. 27. Masks of Gods Wooden Bhairab Hindu Deity in serene posture Mahakal with Naga crown
  28. 28. Masks of Gods Makar: The Crocodile Hindu Deity - Varaha Bhairava
  29. 29. Masked Dance of the Mother Goddess Dance of the Divinely Mother –NAVADURGA who is one of the nine Powerful Mother Goddess. Location Bhaktapur
  30. 30. Mask Dances
  31. 31. Mask Dances
  32. 32. Ethnic and Folk Masks From Nepal
  33. 33. Masks from the NEWAR C O M M U N I T Y
  34. 34. The Newar Masks Newar Shaman Mask Other worldly demonic creatures
  35. 35. Newar Masks Supernatural characters
  36. 36. Newar Masks Demonic Character Tiger Lion Mask
  37. 37. Newar Masks Gorgon Lakhe
  38. 38. Newar Folk Mask The Demonic character of Newar culture & world view
  39. 39. Newar Folk Masks Folk Masks from different Newar communities
  40. 40. Newar Folk Masks Monpa Mask
  41. 41. Newar Folk Masks Folk Masks from different Newar communities
  42. 42. Newar Folk Masks Drama and other Characters
  43. 43. Newar Folk Masks Humorous Character Mask
  44. 44. Newar Wooden Masks
  45. 45. Newar Masks Newar Festival Mask of Bhairav Newar Noble man An old lady
  46. 46. Newar Mask Mask of a Hero
  47. 47. Newar Cultural Masks Actors in Festivals and other celebrations
  48. 48. Newar Cultural Masks
  49. 49. Newar Cultural Masks A rare Newar Tantric Mask
  50. 50. Masks from Tarai Mixed Ethnicity Rajbanshi Pig mask Tharu mask Jatayu: The Mythological Vulture from the Ramayana
  51. 51. Masks from Tarai Tarai tiger mask
  52. 52. Masks from Tarai Elephant mask tarai
  53. 53. Masks from Tarai Tharu monkey mask The Monkey king
  54. 54. Masks from Tarai Faces of Hanuman : famous Monkey God of The Hindus
  55. 56. Jatayu- a Character from Ramayana The monkey characters
  56. 57. Masks from Tarai Tribal Mask
  57. 58. Masks from Tarai Hanuman mask T arai
  58. 59. Masks from Tarai
  59. 60. Masks from Tarai Mask of Ten headed Ravana and Hanuman
  60. 61. Masks from Tarai
  61. 62. Masks from Tarai
  62. 63. Masks from Tarai
  63. 64. Masks from Tarai
  64. 65. Masks from Tarai
  65. 66. Masks from Tarai
  66. 67. Masks from Tarai Pig mask of a Tarai caste Monkey mask from Tarai
  67. 68. Masks from Tarai Tharu humerous Tharu Younglady
  68. 69. Masks from Tarai Tharu Monkey Tharu Goiter Tharu Headman
  69. 70. Two Famous Masks from Humla and Jumla Mask from Humla Mask from Jumla
  70. 71. Himalayan Masks Himalaya-Raksha-Longo-Mask Himalayan Mask
  71. 72. Western Nepal Himalayan Mask Pema Jungne Nyikar Himalayan Wooden Tribal Mask
  72. 73. Himalayan Mask Himalayan Black Mask
  73. 74. Masks of the Middle Hill people
  74. 75. Masks of the Middle Hill people Shaman Masks from Midland hill
  75. 76. Gurung Masks
  76. 77. Gurung Masks
  77. 78. Magar Masks
  78. 79. Thakali Mask Western Mid Himalaya
  79. 80. Magar Masks
  80. 81. Masks from middle hills
  81. 82. Tribal Masks from the hills tribal masks of Nepal Mask - West Nepal Mask - West Nepal
  82. 83. Midland Hill Masks
  83. 84. Masks from the hills
  84. 85. Tribal Masks of hills Nepali masks at Rubin Museum
  85. 86. Demons and Ghosts Middle Hills Demonic Characters of folk life of hill people Mixed races. They are appeased on special occasion offering worship and foods annually
  86. 87. Demons and Ghosts Middle Hills
  87. 88. Ghost Local demons Demons and Ghosts
  88. 89. Demons and Ghosts Middle Hills