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Subjunctivepresentintro

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A good general overview of the subjunctive tense in french

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Subjunctivepresentintro

  1. 1. Le subjonctifComment et quand l’utilise-t- on? 1
  2. 2. Les modes des verbes:L’indicatif(le présent, le passé composé, le futur, l’imparfait … everything except subjunctive) L’impératif (commands) Le subjonctif 2
  3. 3. le présentDu subjonctif 3
  4. 4. Subjunctive doesn’t mean anything differentfrom the present tense. But some expressionsrequire subjunctive to follow them instead ofthe regular present tense.So if you say for example:Je veux que…(you express a want), the next verb has to be subjunctive:Je veux que tu viennes à la fête.(viens in the present tense is not possible) 4
  5. 5. Comment former le subjonctif? 1. Commencer avec la forme “ils” du présent 2. Enlever “-ent” 3. Ecrivez les terminaisons je: --e nous: --ions tu: --es vous: --iez il: --e ils: --ent 5
  6. 6. Exemples des verbes réguliersER: parler: parl—je parle nous parlionstu parles vous parliezil parle ils parlent RE: vendre: vend— je vende nous vendions tu vendes vous vendiez il vende ils vendentIR: finir: finiss-je finisse nous finissionstu finisses vous finissiezil finisse ils finissent 6
  7. 7. Mais, rappelez-vous!!... Des verbes irréguliers au présent: dire (dis--) mettre (mett-) lire (lis--) écrire (écriv--) partir (part--) sortir (sort--) dormir (dorm--) rire (ri--)…Tous ces verbes ont les mêmes terminaisons que les verbes réguliers --e, --es, --e, --ions, --iez, --ent 7
  8. 8. Et rappelez-vous aussi… Des verbes avec 2 “stems” au présent: mourir (meur-, mour-) appeler (appell-, appel-) venir (vienn-, ven-) voir (voi-, voy-) tenir (tienn-, ten-) croire (croi-, croy-) apercevoir (aperçoiv-, apercev-) acheter (achèt-, achet-) devoir (doiv-, dev-) espérer (espèr, espér-) recevoir (reçoiv-, recev-) boire (boiv-, buv-) payer (pai-, pay-) prendre (prenn-, pren-) (tous les verbes avec “yer”)the 1st stem is for je,tu,il, ils; the 2nd is for nous, vous Tous ces verbes ont aussi les mêmes terminaisons que les verbes réguliers --e, --es, --e, --ions, --iez, --ent 8
  9. 9. Exemples: venirje vienne nous venionstu viennes vous veniezil vienne ils viennentboireje boive nous buvionstu boives vous buviezil boive ils boivent 9
  10. 10. Il y a 7 verbes irréguliers!!“stems” irréguliers avecterminaisons régulières:savoir (sach-)faire (fass-)pouvoir (puiss-)aller (*2 stems) (aill-, all-)vouloir (*2 stems) (veuill-, voul-)“stems” et terminaisons irreguliers:avoirêtre 10
  11. 11. Faire fasse, fasses, fasse, fassions, fassiez, fassentAller aille, ailles, aille, allions, alliez, aillentVouloir veuille, veuilles, veuille, voulions, vouliez, veuillentEtre sois, sois, soit, soyons, soyez, soientSavoir sache, saches, sache, sachions, sachiez, sachentAvoir aie, aies, ait, ayons, ayez, aientPouvoir puisse, puisses, puisse, puissions, puissiez, puissent 11
  12. 12. La “Porte” au Subjonctif:Pour entrer par la “porte”, il faut avoir certaines “clés”:un verbe spécialdeux clausesdeux sujets différentsle mot “que” 12
  13. 13. Clause principale + QUE + Clause subordonnée Indicatif Sujet différent “Verbe spécial” Subjonctif Il faut QUE mes élèves fassent les devoirs. 13
  14. 14. U UncertaintyW Wishes/wantsE EmotionI Impersonal ExpressionsD Doubt /Denial/DisbeliefO Obligation / necessity 14
  15. 15. être content/triste/surpris/désolé que… Emotion If you believe something, there’s no doubt!) je doute que, il est possible que, Doute je ne suis pas sûr que, je ne crois pas que… vouloir, préférer, suggérer, souhaiter, aimer, insister, exiger, demander, défendre…Désir 15
  16. 16. Les Expressions :1. Les expressions impersonnelles: Il est bon que, il est important que, il est essentiel que, il est indispensable que, il est utile que, il est normal que, il est juste que, il est dommage que, il vaut mieux que…2. Les expressions d’obligation:Il faut que, il ne faut pas que, il est nécessaire que, il n’est pas nécessaire que, 16

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