Gender Equality Awareness in Science & Technology . Celebrating National Science day 2010 Theme:" Gender equality for...
National Science Day . <ul><li>This day is celebrated in India every year </li></ul><ul><li>on 28 th  February to mark the...
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, FRS Born 7 November 1888 Thiruvanaikoil ,  Tiruchirappalli ,  Tamil  Nadu ,  British  In...
Sir C.V.Raman. <ul><li>Notable awards Knight  Bachelor  (1929) Nobel Prize in Physics  (1930) Bharat   Ratna Lenin Peace P...
<ul><li>Gender Equality  </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>In Science & Technology. </li></ul>
What is Gender ? <ul><li>Gender  is the wide set of characteristics that are seen to distinguish between  male  and  femal...
What is Gender Equality <ul><li>Gender equality  (also known as  gender equity ,  gender egalitarianism , or  sexual equal...
<ul><li>World bodies have defined gender equality as related to  human rights , especially  women's rights , and economic ...
<ul><li>Thus, promoting gender equality is seen as an encouragement to greater economic prosperity For example, nations of...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Equity in Science and Technology: Does it Matter? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
The nature of the problem   <ul><li>Although differing in the details, there was a consensus from all regions of the world...
Nature of the problem…. <ul><li>2. In many countries fewer girls than boys study scientific and technological subjects in ...
Nature of the problem… <ul><li>4. Technological change, especially that designed to improve the quality of life in rural a...
Nature of the Problem… <ul><li>women and girls continue to be excluded from equal participation in science and technology ...
What is the situation in India? <ul><li>Our Hon. President recently said….. </li></ul><ul><li>The best symbol of female va...
<ul><li>1.About 70% of Indian women are illiterate. </li></ul><ul><li>2.90% of Family plan. operations are done on females...
<ul><li>6.Out of the total women scientist only 3% are engaged in Research & development. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Less than 2...
Why this problem? <ul><li>Genderization of Science! </li></ul><ul><li>In the Indian Society the social  discrimination aga...
<ul><li>Preference for the male child & discrimination in his favor is her everyday experience </li></ul><ul><li>When the ...
Why awareness for Gender equality? <ul><li>1.  Human rights and social justice . All individuals should have equality of o...
Why awareness for Gender equality? <ul><li>2.  Scientific and economic reasons . If women are not given equal opportunity ...
Why Gender awareness? <ul><li>3.  Social reasons . Women frequently perform different roles and tasks both within and outs...
Why awareness? <ul><li>4.  Reasons of insight . Some women, it has been suggested, bring different insights, values, motiv...
Gender, Science and Technology for Sustainable Human Development   <ul><li>What can be done? </li></ul><ul><li>1.To ensure...
Gender, Science and Technology for Sustainable Human Development   <ul><li>3. To achieve gender equity within science and ...
Gender, Science and Technology for Sustainable Human Development   <ul><li>5. To ensure all men and women have equal acces...
<ul><li>When a country educates its girls, its mortality rates usually fall, fertility rates decline, and the health and e...
To Summarize…… <ul><li>Given the opportunity; women would excel in every field. But the question is can we give women the ...
<ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul>
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Gender Equality Awareness In Science &amp; Technology

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Gender Equality Awareness In Science &amp; Technology

  1. 1. Gender Equality Awareness in Science & Technology . Celebrating National Science day 2010 Theme:&quot; Gender equality for Prosperity & Peace” Dr.Shirish Kumthekar . Surgeon & Cancer Specialist Solapur .
  2. 2. National Science Day . <ul><li>This day is celebrated in India every year </li></ul><ul><li>on 28 th February to mark the Discovery of Raman effect by Late Scientist C.V.Raman. </li></ul><ul><li>Nation pays tribute and expresses gratitude to Sir CV Raman and to all </li></ul><ul><li>the scientists on this day for their genius and dedication. It is a day, which attracts many young minds to take up science as their career </li></ul><ul><li>and a day to see novel scientific achievements. The celebrations of this day include showcasing the country’s competence in the field of </li></ul><ul><li>science. The day has become significant as it reminds us the </li></ul><ul><li>importance of science in societal transformation. Series of science </li></ul><ul><li>-related events are also held on this day in the country to inspire </li></ul><ul><li>people of all ages to work in the field of science, engineering and </li></ul><ul><li>technology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, FRS Born 7 November 1888 Thiruvanaikoil , Tiruchirappalli , Tamil Nadu , British India Died 21 November 1970 (aged 82) Bangalore , Karnataka ,
  4. 4. Sir C.V.Raman. <ul><li>Notable awards Knight Bachelor (1929) Nobel Prize in Physics (1930) Bharat Ratna Lenin Peace Prize </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Gender Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>In Science & Technology. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Gender ? <ul><li>Gender is the wide set of characteristics that are seen to distinguish between male and female entities, extending from one's biological sex to, in humans, one's social role or gender identity . As a word, it has more than one valid definition. In linguistics , it refers to characteristics of words. In ordinary speech, it is used interchangeably with &quot; sex &quot; to denote the condition of being male or female. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Gender Equality <ul><li>Gender equality (also known as gender equity , gender egalitarianism , or sexual equality ) is the goal of the equality of the genders or the sexes , stemming from a belief in the injustice of myriad forms of gender inequality . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>World bodies have defined gender equality as related to human rights , especially women's rights , and economic development. UNICEF defines gender equality as &quot;levelling the playing field for girls and women by ensuring that all children have equal opportunity to develop their talents.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>The United Nations Population Fund declared gender equality &quot;first and foremost, a human right. &quot;Gender equity&quot; is one of the goals of the United Nations Millennium Project , to end world poverty by 2015; the project claims, &quot;Every single Goal is directly related to women's rights, and societies where women are not afforded equal rights as men can never achieve development in a sustainable manner.&quot; </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Thus, promoting gender equality is seen as an encouragement to greater economic prosperity For example, nations of the Arab world that deny equality of opportunity to women were warned in a 2008 United Nations -sponsored report that this disempowerment is a critical factor crippling these nations' return to the first rank of global leaders in commerce, learning and culture. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Equity in Science and Technology: Does it Matter? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The nature of the problem <ul><li>Although differing in the details, there was a consensus from all regions of the world in the nature of the gender dimension regarding science and technology and about possible solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>1. In many countries, there are fewer girls than boys that have access to primary education, fewer girls than boys learn about science. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nature of the problem…. <ul><li>2. In many countries fewer girls than boys study scientific and technological subjects in either secondary or tertiary education </li></ul><ul><li>3. fewer women than men pursue scientific or technological careers, and far fewer reach the top professional, managerial or policy-making positions. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nature of the problem… <ul><li>4. Technological change, especially that designed to improve the quality of life in rural areas in developing countries, has been more directed to the tasks that men perform than to the tasks women perform, both in and outside the household. Development programmes frequently have not taken this gender dimension into account. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nature of the Problem… <ul><li>women and girls continue to be excluded from equal participation in science and technology in many parts of the world as a result of their unequal status in society – legally, socially, politically and economically. Poverty, lack of education and training and unequal employment opportunities remain significant constraints. The exclusion of women and girls occurs in the public sector, in private sector companies, and in research institutions. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is the situation in India? <ul><li>Our Hon. President recently said….. </li></ul><ul><li>The best symbol of female values that has been created by nature is in the form of Mother. Mother is creativity & Innovation personified in solving human problems in the family. She represents excellence , morality & equality. Out of all management experiences in business, profession,public service & society,mother is the best manager nature has created. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>1.About 70% of Indian women are illiterate. </li></ul><ul><li>2.90% of Family plan. operations are done on females. </li></ul><ul><li>3.60% of Primary school dropouts are girls. </li></ul><ul><li>4.Women are grossly underrepresented in science & technology at various levels. </li></ul><ul><li>5.Womens share in Science, Medicine, Engineering studies varies from 10 to 32% </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>6.Out of the total women scientist only 3% are engaged in Research & development. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Less than 2% working women are in industrial production, managerial job & entrepreneurship. </li></ul><ul><li>8.Only 11% Girls are enrolled for higher studies in IITs. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Why this problem? <ul><li>Genderization of Science! </li></ul><ul><li>In the Indian Society the social discrimination against women starts at an early age, right from childhood the girl is always counseled to learn to be patient, to adapt ,adjust & submit. </li></ul><ul><li>she is supposed to change her home after marriage &spend a major part of life in her husbands family. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Preference for the male child & discrimination in his favor is her everyday experience </li></ul><ul><li>When the girl grows up due to lack of social safty,she can not move around as freely as the boys. </li></ul><ul><li>When she marries ,she is supposed to cope with three varied roles of being a wife ,a mother & managing the household ,in all aspects. </li></ul><ul><li>In present days of inflation she is also supposed to earn money! </li></ul>
  20. 20. Why awareness for Gender equality? <ul><li>1. Human rights and social justice . All individuals should have equality of opportunity to a science education and to a scientific career, and for women and men to benefit equally from advances in science and technology. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Why awareness for Gender equality? <ul><li>2. Scientific and economic reasons . If women are not given equal opportunity to become scientists and engineers then a country denies itself its full complement of scientifically creative minds. This can be a serious handicap both to the development of science and to the generation of wealth in an increasingly competitive world. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Why Gender awareness? <ul><li>3. Social reasons . Women frequently perform different roles and tasks both within and outside the home to those performed by men. It is important that both men and women are able to bring a scientific and technical education to bear on the performance of these roles and tasks. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Why awareness? <ul><li>4. Reasons of insight . Some women, it has been suggested, bring different insights, values, motivations and methods of work to their scientific jobs than do most men and other women. The inclusion of more women in science will enrich the total pool of talents, insights and motivations, and increase the probability that science will serve the needs of all humanity. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Gender, Science and Technology for Sustainable Human Development <ul><li>What can be done? </li></ul><ul><li>1.To ensure basic education for all, with particular emphasis on scientific and technological literacy, so that all women and men can effectively use science and technology to meet basic needs. </li></ul><ul><li>2.To ensure that men and women have equal opportunity to acquire advanced training in science and technology and to pursue careers as technologists, scientists and engineers. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Gender, Science and Technology for Sustainable Human Development <ul><li>3. To achieve gender equity within science and technology institutions, including policy and decision-making bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>4. To ensure that the needs and aspirations of women and men are equally taken into account in the setting of research priorities and in the design, transfer and application of new technologies. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Gender, Science and Technology for Sustainable Human Development <ul><li>5. To ensure all men and women have equal access to the information and knowledge, particularly scientific and technological knowledge, that they need to improve their standard of living and quality of life. </li></ul><ul><li>6. To recognize local knowledge systems, where they exist, and their gendered nature as a source of knowledge complementary to modern science and technology and also valuable for sustainable human development. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>When a country educates its girls, its mortality rates usually fall, fertility rates decline, and the health and education prospects of the next generation improve. </li></ul><ul><li>when women are supported and empowered, all of society benefits </li></ul>
  28. 28. To Summarize…… <ul><li>Given the opportunity; women would excel in every field. But the question is can we give women the necessary education, skills, options and a level field play? Can we overcome societal biases against women? Can we fight against social evils and discrimination against women? Only if the answer to all these questions is in the affirmative, will we achieve gender equality,peace & prosperity! </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul>

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