Yoga and Diet.ppt

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Yoga and Diet.ppt

  1. 1. YOGA & DIET
  2. 2. <ul><li>Growth of the body and maintenance of its health is the aim of the diet. </li></ul><ul><li>The definition of health states that diseases are an outward symptom, so the absence of diseases cannot be termed as health. Ayurveda has defined healthy state. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The body in which the controlling powers - tridoshas - vat, kapha, pitta are in a balanced state, the fire in the stomach is well ignited that means the digestion system is working properly, the strength of all the dhatus is excellent and all are working efficiently . Samdoshah Samagnischa samadhatumalkriyah Prasannatmendriyamanah swasthaityabhidhiyate ||
  4. 4. <ul><li>Health is the root cause of gaining dharm, artha, kam, moksha. </li></ul><ul><li>That means the basics of all the four purusharthas is in health. </li></ul>&quot;Dharmarthakammokshanam aarogyam mulamuttamam&quot;
  5. 5. <ul><li>Give due respects to the rules of the diet and observe them honestly. </li></ul><ul><li>For those whose diet, lifestyle and swapnavastha is yukta (subconcious state of mind is appropriate), will benefit from yoga, which removes troubles. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider two things: the location and the time. </li></ul>Even Lord Shrikrishna has stated in Gita as to whom the yoga is beneficial. Yuktaharviharsya yuktacheshtasya karmasu | Yuktaswapnavabodhasya yogo bhavati dukkhaha ||
  6. 6. <ul><li>The daily meal times should be fixed. </li></ul>Yasya deshasya jantuh tatjannou tasyoshadhim matam | <ul><li>Those who follow agnihotra, know that agni is to be offered aahuti (sacrifice) twice daily. </li></ul><ul><li>So also, the fire in the stomach should be offered aahuti by way of food twice daily. </li></ul><ul><li>If one keeps on eating throughout the day, then the digestive system will collapse. </li></ul>Dwou kalou bhunjit agnihotrasamoditah |
  7. 7. <ul><li>Excess or frequent intake creates unnecessary strain on the digestive system, this weakens the fire in the stomach and the disease of dyspepsia starts root. </li></ul><ul><li>Of course, if one has to exercise a lot or has to undertake work involving of lot of physical efforts, then the two meals may not be enough for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Such people can have breakfast too along with the two meals. </li></ul><ul><li>But the time must be fixed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>We have to observe customs while observing the diet rules. </li></ul><ul><li>If we visit others or if others come to our place, we have to entertain them. </li></ul><ul><li>One should resort to drinks at such time, so that there is no breakage of rules. </li></ul><ul><li>The eatables that do not have to be chewed by teeth while eating fall under drinks. </li></ul><ul><li>Such drinks may be consumed but if solid food is to be had, then one must avoid meal after that so that there is no dyspepsia. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The next rule regarding the diet is that the diet should be &quot; Prakrutivayovasthanukulit &quot; that is commensurate with the health, age group and body status. </li></ul><ul><li>That means while determining if the diet is proper or improper, the health, age and the state should be considered. </li></ul><ul><li>The health is of three types: vat prakruti, pitta prakruti and kapha prakruti. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever is suitable for vat prakruti people may not be suitable for others. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>So also, one diet may not be suitable for all - children to old people. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, the diet which is suitable in a healthy state, may prove poisonous for unhealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>So it is must that the health, age and the state of the body be considered while thinking about diet. </li></ul><ul><li>Actually young people should not eat more of pungent items, but the reality is different. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Little children are scolded to control their eating of hot items, but the young generation eats too many of them as such items are deliciously spicy. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth is a state involving pitta. If such items are consumed in excess, then there are adverse effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitta does transformation. </li></ul><ul><li>Another important thing in the diet is that the diet should contain (tushtikar and pushtikar) satisfying and growth related elements. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Our diet mainly consists of items, which are tasty and spicy. </li></ul><ul><li>Items such as bhel, bhajji, chiwada etc are consumed more these days. </li></ul><ul><li>They are quite tasty and spicy, but are not tushitkar or pushtikar. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Six rasas (juices or flavors) </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet (Madhur) </li></ul><ul><li>Sour (aamla) </li></ul><ul><li>Salty (lavan) </li></ul><ul><li>Spicy (tikta) </li></ul><ul><li>Bitter (katu) </li></ul><ul><li>Astringent (kashay) </li></ul>SIX RASAS OF THE DIET
  14. 14. <ul><li>Items such as wheat, rice, jowar etc contain sweet rasas. They should be included in the diet. </li></ul><ul><li>No particular rasa should be cut off completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, kashay and bitter rasas are not present in the diet; hence they should be included deliberately. </li></ul>
  15. 15. BALANCED DIET RICE,WHEAT,RAGI,JAVAR ETC LEGUMES & PULSES VEGETABLES & FRUITS SUGAR FATS & OILS MILK & MILK PRODUCTS
  16. 16. <ul><li>That means one should consume the items as are available naturally without processing them much. </li></ul><ul><li>Over processed food is not acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Certain processing is required so that the diet becomes digestible. </li></ul><ul><li>The ill health of the rich is due to this over processed food. </li></ul>HOW THE DIET SHOULD BE ??? it should be &quot;anatisanskritam&quot;
  17. 17. The diet should be promotional to the sapta dhatus. Fluids <ul><li>Ras (fluids) </li></ul><ul><li>Rakta (blood) </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa (muscle tissues) </li></ul><ul><li>Asthi (bones) </li></ul><ul><li>Meda (adipose tissues) </li></ul><ul><li>Majja (bone marrow) </li></ul><ul><li>Shukra (generative tissues) </li></ul>Solids & Fats Fatty The diet should be such that it should promote all the sapta dhatus in proper proportion.
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mixing up items of opposite types is Viruddhashan . e.g, fruits salad in milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits are mixed with curd, it is better because the acidity of the fruits does not have bad effects on curd. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Half of the stomach should be filled with food; third part (¼th) with liquid and then the fourth part should be left free for gases to move around. </li></ul><ul><li>Food stays in the stomach for three to four hours. </li></ul>Annen purayet ardham toyen cha tritiyakam | Udarasya turiyamsham cha samrakshet vayudharanan ||
  20. 20. <ul><li>The meaning is quite clear. </li></ul><ul><li>After meal, one should drink buttermilk. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the day, i e at night, one should drink milk and at the end of the night, one should drink water. </li></ul>Bhojanante pibet takram dinante cha pibet payah | Nishante cha pibet vari, that vaidhyasya kim prayojanam ||
  21. 21. <ul><li>Ghee is considered harmful for the patients of blood pressure or heart diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Western dieticians include ghee under fats. </li></ul><ul><li>But they have also now agreed that the effects of the fats and the ghee are different, so one should consume at least 10 gms. of ghee daily. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>A stream of thought that the diet should consist of more leafy vegetables, has gained roots in the modern science of diet. </li></ul><ul><li>The diet should be &quot; hitbhuk &quot;, &quot; mitbhuk &quot; and &quot; ashakbhut &quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitbhuk means the diet should be for betterment, </li></ul><ul><li>Mitbhuk means in measured quanity </li></ul><ul><li>Ashakbhut means without leafy vegetables. </li></ul><ul><li>The person following these three points is a healthy person. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>At the time of the meal, the general atmosphere must be cheerful. </li></ul><ul><li>The utensils used in the preparation of the diet should be clean and proper. </li></ul><ul><li>The utensils of brass with kalayi are better than the steel ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Ajalpan that means one should not talk too much; Ahasan means one should not laugh. </li></ul><ul><li>While talking or laughing, the windpipe remains open. </li></ul>Ishtadeshe ishtasarvopakaranam | Ajalpan ahasan tanmana bhunjit ||
  24. 24. <ul><li>If one swallows the food at the same time, then the food particles may go into the trachea and cause disturbance. </li></ul><ul><li>So also, while laughing or talking one cannot concentrate on the meal. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence, one should eat with tanman i.e. with utmost concentration. </li></ul><ul><li>If one does not pay attention to the meals, then one tends to eat unwanted items and that too in unwanted quantities. These are obstacles to the digestion. </li></ul><ul><li>The diet affects the mind as well as the body. The mind works as per the diet. Shrimadbhagwad Geeta has classified the diet into three categories: Sattvic, Rajas and Tamas. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Sattvic diet means one which increases the life, intelligence, strength, health, pleasure, love and which is tasty, fatty, stable, and keeps the mind cheerful. </li></ul>Aayuh satavabalarogyasukhapreetivivardhanah | Rasyah snigdhah sthirah hridhya aaharah sattvicpriyah || 17.8
  26. 26. <ul><li>FRESH FOODS </li></ul><ul><li>VEGETABLES & FRUITS </li></ul><ul><li>GERMINATED GRAINS & PULSES </li></ul><ul><li>FIBRES (VITAMINS & MINERALS) </li></ul><ul><li>DAIRY PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>LESS SPICY </li></ul>SATTVIC FOOD
  27. 27. <ul><li>Rajas diet means one, which is pungent, sour, salty, very hot, spicy, tasteless, which causes inflamation, which generates grief, mourning or diseases. </li></ul>Katvamlavanatyushnatikshnarukshavidahina | Aahara rajsyestha dukkhashokamayaprada || 17.9
  28. 28. BITTER SOUR SALINE STEAMING HOT PUNGENT DRY RAJASIK FOOD
  29. 29. <ul><li>Tamas diet means yatyam that means after the preparation of which one prahar has elapsed, one from which all rasas have vanished, one which stinks, one that is tasted by someone else, and is not holy. </li></ul>Yatayamam gatarasam puni paryushitam cha yat | Uchishtamapi chamedhyam bhojanma tamaraspriyam || 17.10
  30. 30. 1. OLD FOOD: CANNED or STORED 2. DEVOID OF TASTE 3. NONVEGETARIAN FOOD 4. FERMENTED DRINKS 5. STALE FOOD 6. LEFT OVER FOOD 7. IMPURE FOOD TAMASIK FOOD
  31. 31. <ul><li>Various texts of yoga have not discussed the diet in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Yoga has not laid emphasis on the diet since there are other sciences laying down the rules of the diet. </li></ul><ul><li>Hathapradeepika and Gherandsamhita, both the yoga texts have laid down the rule of mitahar. </li></ul><ul><li>None concurs with the low intake diet or fasting. </li></ul><ul><li>At some places, there is a description of certain diet elements along with their usefulness; however, most of the elements are not available today. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>The modern western dieticians view the diet with a different angle. </li></ul><ul><li>That angle is totally different from all the above thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>The diet is divided into Carbohydrates, Fats, Vitamins A, B, C, D, E. Minerals and water. </li></ul><ul><li>The value of the diet is measured in terms of calories generated from it. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>The need of the body for the diet is also measured in the calories and associated with consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>The need for the calories of a person can be met through a single preparation, but since that is not feasible, all the above elements must be consumed proportionately. </li></ul><ul><li>In short, these scientists have tried to solve the problem of the diet with the modern lab equipment and the knowledge. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>They have succeeded to an extent, but the human life is so complicated that such experiments do not resolve the problems, but make them more complex. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence, instead of studying this method in detail, we considered diet from the view of Ayurveda, which is complimentary to yoga. </li></ul><ul><li>This is enough and useful for the yoga sadhaka. </li></ul>
  35. 36. <ul><li>The food must be taken in natural or maximum natural form. </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh seasonal fruits, fresh green leafy vegetables and sprouts are excellent from this point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>These diets are broadly classified into three types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminative diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soothing diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructive diet </li></ul></ul>DIET THERAPY
  36. 37. <ul><li>Eliminative diet </li></ul><ul><li>Liquids-lemon, citrin juices, tender coconut water, vegetable soups, butter milk, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Soothing diet </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits, salads, boiled/steamed vegetables, sprouts, vegetable chutney, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructive diet </li></ul><ul><li>Wholesome flour, unpolished rice, little pulses, sprouts, curd, etc. </li></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><li>Fasting is an important modality in the natural methods of health preservation. </li></ul><ul><li>In fasting, mental preparedness is an essential precondition. </li></ul><ul><li>After that fasting for one or two days can be administered to any individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged fasting should be done only under supervision of competent Naturopath. </li></ul><ul><li>Naturopathy believes that fasting is a process of complete physical and mental rest. </li></ul><ul><li>The digestive system is in rest during this process. </li></ul>Fasting therapy
  38. 39. <ul><li>The vital energy which digests the food is saved and diverted for utilization in the eliminative process. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the object of fasting too. </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting is an excellent treatment for removing the disorders of mind and body. </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting is advised in treating the disorders like indigestion, constipation, gas, digestive disorders, bronchial asthma, obesity, high blood pressure, gout, etc. </li></ul>
  39. 40. THANK YOU

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