Headache.ppt

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Headache.ppt

  1. 1. YOGA FOR HEAD ACHE !!! ???
  2. 2. <ul><li>MÜKAM KARÔTI VACÁLAM </li></ul><ul><li>PANGUM LANGHAYATÄ GIRIM </li></ul><ul><li>YATKRIPÁ TAMAHAM VANDÄ </li></ul><ul><li>PARAMÁNANDA SÁGARAM </li></ul>PRAYER
  3. 3. <ul><li>Name of the disease & terminologies </li></ul><ul><li>Etiology </li></ul><ul><li>Physical examination, signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Investigations </li></ul><ul><li>Modern medical treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative therapies – Yoga management </li></ul><ul><li>Diet </li></ul><ul><li>Books and journals for reference </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Headache occurs in many medical disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>Migraine headache </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle contraction headache (tension headache) </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster headache </li></ul>HEADACHE
  5. 5. <ul><li>Migraine is a particular pattern of headache – nature, severity, frequency differs. </li></ul>MIGRAINE HEADACHE Sites of migraine headaches Characteristics of migraine headaches
  6. 6. <ul><li>Age 20-60 years, common in women </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>One-sided headache </li></ul><ul><li>Throbbing pain </li></ul><ul><li>Lasts for few hours to three days </li></ul><ul><li>Photophobia (shimmering lights) and phonophobia </li></ul><ul><li>Premonitory symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Migraine in children </li></ul>
  7. 7. TRIGGERED BY <ul><li>HUNGER </li></ul><ul><li>SHOPPING </li></ul><ul><li>COMPUTER </li></ul><ul><li>EYE STRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>INSOMNIA </li></ul><ul><li>EMOTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>HOT SUN </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>CHEESE </li></ul><ul><li>CITRUS FRUIT </li></ul><ul><li>MENSTRUATION </li></ul><ul><li>ALCOHOL </li></ul><ul><li>CHOCOLATE </li></ul>
  9. 9. MIGRAINE TRIGGERS EXTERNAL INTERNAL Menstruation in female Foods Strong smells Bright light Loud noise Stress mental or physical Sleep
  10. 10. <ul><li>Pain killer, </li></ul><ul><li>Control of nausea, </li></ul><ul><li>Dark quiet place, </li></ul><ul><li>Eye pads, </li></ul><ul><li>Ear plugs, </li></ul><ul><li>Ice packs, </li></ul><ul><li>Ergot based drugs. </li></ul>TREATMENT
  11. 11. <ul><li>Has no other symptom beside headache </li></ul><ul><li>Never wakes the patient at night </li></ul><ul><li>Tension in neck muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Family tendency </li></ul><ul><li>Goes away on relaxation </li></ul><ul><li>Neck massage, physiotherapy is useful </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment – tranquilizers like diazepam, etc. </li></ul>MUSCLE CONTRACTION HEADACHE (TENSION HEADACHE)
  12. 12. <ul><li>Series of headache in clusters lasting six to twelve weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Sufferer wakes up in the early morning </li></ul><ul><li>Red-watery eye, stuffiness of nostril, drooping of eyelid may be seen. </li></ul><ul><li>Common in men and smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment – steroids, oxygen, ergotamine </li></ul>CLUSTER HEADACHE
  13. 13. <ul><li>Neuralgia </li></ul><ul><li>Eye and ear problems </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese restaurant syndrome (monosodium glutamate) </li></ul><ul><li>Ice cream headache, etc. </li></ul>SECONDARY HEADACHES
  14. 14. <ul><li>Blood test </li></ul><ul><li>X-ray </li></ul><ul><li>Urine </li></ul><ul><li>MRI </li></ul><ul><li>LP </li></ul><ul><li>EEG </li></ul>INVESTIGATIONS
  15. 15. TREATMENT ACCORDING TO ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE <ul><li>Preventive treatment for migraines – </li></ul><ul><li>Betablockers, </li></ul><ul><li>Pizotifen, </li></ul><ul><li>Methysergide, </li></ul><ul><li>Calcium channel blockers, </li></ul><ul><li>Clonidine, etc. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Ayurveda </li></ul><ul><li>Naturopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Homeopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Qi-gong </li></ul><ul><li>Reiki </li></ul><ul><li>Acupuncture </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) </li></ul>OTHER THERAPIES
  17. 17. YOGA PRACTICES <ul><li>YOGA IS BALANCE (SAMATVAM) </li></ul><ul><li>I A Y T CORRECTS IMBALANCES </li></ul><ul><li>AIMS : </li></ul><ul><li>STRESS REDUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>RELIEF OF PAIN </li></ul><ul><li>MEDICATION REDUCTION </li></ul>
  18. 18. Ánandamaya Kôùa Vijòanánmaya Kôùa PERFECT HEALTH Manômaya Kôùa Annamaya Kosa Pranamaya Kosa ÁDHIJA VYÁDHIS YOGA Panchakosa concept
  19. 19. ANNAMAYA KOSA <ul><li>Vamana dhouti once a week </li></ul><ul><li>Performed at the beginning of headache can abate an attack. </li></ul>KRIYAS <ul><li>KAPALABHATI </li></ul><ul><li>JALA NETI </li></ul><ul><li>TRATAKA </li></ul><ul><li>AVOID DURING SEVERE H.A </li></ul>
  20. 20. ASANAS <ul><li>HEAD ROLLING -- </li></ul><ul><li>Massages the scalp muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Releases pranic blocks </li></ul>
  21. 21. ASANAS BASIC SET OF 12 ASANAS – Deep rest Sthira sukham ásanám Stability and effortlessness in the final position
  22. 22. PRAYATNA SHAITHILYA RELAXATION ANANTA SAMAPATTI JOY OF EXPANSION BASIC SET OF 12 ASANAS - DEEP REST ASANAS
  23. 23.  ATIJERNATVAM PRANIC IMBALANCE TOO MUCH OF PRANA DRAWN TO HEAD PRANA SAMANA APANA PRANAMAYA KOSA
  24. 24. PRANA SAMANA APANA PRANIC IMBALANCE PRANAYAMA SECTIONAL BREATHING - DIVERTS TO SAMANA SAV- RIGHT SIDED HEADACHE CAV- LEFT SIDED HEADACHE N S- BALANCE
  25. 25. <ul><li>= A bad habit of excessive focussing and speed </li></ul><ul><li>= A good habit </li></ul><ul><li>Of defocussing </li></ul><ul><li>and expansion </li></ul>Aim of IAYT in tension H.A MANOMAYA KOSA TENSION MUS. SPASM Vol. N.S.
  26. 26. CM VERY USEFUL TO SLOW DOWN  MEDITATION MOVE FROM DHARANA TO DHYANA FROM DHYANA TO SAMADHI
  27. 27. PURPOSE OF LIFE NATURE OF HAPPINESS MEANING OF LIFE !!! ??? VIJNANAMAYA KOSA ### ***
  28. 28. ANANDAMAYA KOSA BLISS AND SATISFACTION IS MY TRUE NATURE YOGASTAH KURU KARMANI LIFE OF JOY, HUMOUR, ACCEPTANCE, SURRENDER
  29. 29. INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE FOR HEADACHE AND NECK PAIN <ul><li>Loosening and breathing exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Loosening of fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Loosening of wrists </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation of shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>Neck bending </li></ul><ul><li>Neck rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Pada sancalana </li></ul><ul><li>Hand stretch breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Tiger breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Sasankasana breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Head rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Suryanamaskara </li></ul><ul><li>Quick relaxation technique (QRT) </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Yogasanas </li></ul><ul><li>Ardhakaticakrasana </li></ul><ul><li>Padahastasana </li></ul><ul><li>Trikonasana </li></ul><ul><li>Vakrasana/ Ardha-Matsyendrasana </li></ul><ul><li>Ustrasana </li></ul><ul><li>Bhujangasana </li></ul><ul><li>Salabhasana </li></ul><ul><li>Matsyasana </li></ul><ul><li>Viparitakarini </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relaxation technique (DRT) </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>Kapalabhati </li></ul><ul><li>Vibhaga pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>Candra Anuloma pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>Nadi suddhi </li></ul><ul><li>Sitali/ Sitkari/ Sadanta </li></ul><ul><li>Bhramari </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation (Dhyana Dharana) </li></ul><ul><li>Nadanusandhana </li></ul><ul><li>OM meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Kriyas </li></ul><ul><li>Jala Neti </li></ul><ul><li>Sutra Neti </li></ul><ul><li>Vamana Dhouti </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Avoid </li></ul><ul><li>Supine postures – Dhanurasana </li></ul><ul><li>Severe cases of headach and neck pain should also avoid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme forward bending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sutra Neti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vamana Dhouti </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Headache is usually but a symptom of disease somewhere in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Disease conditions and irritation anywhere in the system are telegraphed to headquarters in the brain and there manifest in the form of various symptoms, the most frequent of which is headache. </li></ul><ul><li>Yoga aims at reducing chronic headaches by calming the mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing Exercises and Meditation can also provide relief. </li></ul>SPECIFIC PRACTICE
  34. 34. <ul><li>For daily practice: </li></ul><ul><li>Practice Jal Neti (Nasal cleansing) for immediate relief. </li></ul><ul><li>Rechaka - Puraka Pranayama - corrects disorders of digestive system, circulatory and respiratory system. </li></ul><ul><li>Shitali Pranayama - has a great soothing, relaxing and cooling effect on the whole body; helps people suffering from high blood pressure, gastric troubles, tension and anxiety. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Recommended Asana : </li></ul><ul><li>Suryanaskara (Sun salutation) - invigorates the central nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Bhujangasana (Cobra pose) - inwardly activates the whole of abdominal area, neck, shoulders, face and head areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Shavasana.(Corpse Pose) - removes fatigue and quitens the mind ; must be practised at the end of asansa. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Pachhimottanasana </li></ul><ul><li>Halasana </li></ul><ul><li>Sarvangasana </li></ul><ul><li>Shavasana </li></ul><ul><li>Shirshasana </li></ul>Headache <ul><li>Suryanamaskara </li></ul><ul><li>Shirshasana </li></ul><ul><li>Sarvangasana </li></ul><ul><li>Uttanapadasana </li></ul><ul><li>Padmasana </li></ul><ul><li>Pachhimottanasana </li></ul><ul><li>Shavasana </li></ul><ul><li>Pranayama </li></ul>Migraine
  37. 37. T H A N K Y O U

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