Dengue in children


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Dengue in children

  1. 1. DENGUE IN CHILDREN Dengue [DEN-ghee]
  2. 2. What is dengue? <ul><li>Dengue is one of the most common mosquito-borne diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>It causes a high fever and a rash. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people with dengue will be ill for about ten days and, with the right treatment, will then recover. </li></ul><ul><li>Untreated dengue can develop into dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) which can cause bleeding, liver failure, convulsions and even death. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How does dengue spread? <ul><li>The dengue virus is spread by the female tiger mosquito. </li></ul><ul><li>These mosquitoes breed in warm, humid weather and in stagnant water. </li></ul><ul><li>Can minimize the risk of catching dengue by making sure that there are no reserves of water in or around the house that can attract the mosquitoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Even flower pots or vases that have stagnant water can become mosquito infested. </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike most mosquitoes, dengue causing mosquitoes bite during the day. </li></ul><ul><li>The number of dengue cases increases during the monsoon season. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are the symptoms of dengue fever? <ul><li>High fever or temperature, </li></ul><ul><li>Running nose, </li></ul><ul><li>Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Mild skin rash </li></ul><ul><li>Older children may have </li></ul><ul><li>High fever </li></ul><ul><li>Pain behind the eyes, in the joints & headaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Red and white patchy skin rash. </li></ul><ul><li>Followed by loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and itchiness on the soles of the feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Feels very weak. </li></ul>
  5. 6. What to do if child has dengue fever? <ul><li>As the symptoms of dengue and chikungunya are similar, doctor may ask for a blood test to confirm the diagnosis. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure for dengue. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-inflammatory drugs for joint pain and paracetamol for the fever. </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of rest and give light and nourishing food. </li></ul><ul><li>Put a wet cloth on his forehead every so often to help bring the fever down. </li></ul><ul><li>Dengue may last up to 10 days. </li></ul>
  6. 8. How to reduce the chances of a child picking up dengue? <ul><li>No vaccine against dengue. </li></ul><ul><li>Best way to protect child is to get rid of the mosquitoes that spread the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. Make sure surrounding areas are free of stagnant water, rotting vegetation and old flower pots, especially in the monsoon season. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress child in long-sleeved clothing and trousers to reduce exposed skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear light-coloured clothes as mosquitoes are attracted to dark colours </li></ul><ul><li>Use citronella oil-based creams and sprays or other herbal mosquito repellents </li></ul><ul><li>Use mosquito nets while sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Install mosquito meshes on windows, air conditioning also helps keeps mosquitoes at bay. </li></ul><ul><li>Even if child has had an attack of dengue, it doesn’t give immunity against the other three closely related, but distinct dengue viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) usually develops in people who have already had dengue. So prevention is very important. </li></ul>