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YOGA THERAPY FOR CANCER
<ul><li>Greek term  carcinoma  is the medical term for a malignant tumor derived from epithelial cells. It is Celsus who t...
<ul><li>Oldest description and surgical treatment of cancer was discovered in Egypt and dates back to approximately 1600 B...
<ul><li>Cancer is development of abnormal cells which uncontrollably infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue.  </li></ul...
<ul><li>Sometimes cells become abnormal and keep dividing to form more cells without control or order. </li></ul><ul><li>M...
<ul><li>The  4 most common cancers : Breast, Colon, Lung, and Prostate Cancer  </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers of Blood and Lymp...
<ul><li>Skin cancers :  </li></ul><ul><li>Malignant Melanoma  </li></ul><ul><li>Skin Cancer  </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers of ...
<ul><li>Genetic changes </li></ul><ul><li>Mutation: Chemical carcinogens - Tobacco smoke contains over 50 carcinogens, inc...
<ul><li>Hormonal imbalances - Eg. hyperestrogenic states in promoting endometrial cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Immune system ...
<ul><li>Family history </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic predisposition.  </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation exposure.  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Local symptoms : Lump, hemorrhage, pain, ulceration, pressure symptoms in late stage.  </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms ...
STAGES OF CANCER <ul><li>Describes the extent or severity of an individual cancer.  </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing the stage of...
DIAGNOSING CANCER  <ul><li>Medical history, physical and histological exam   </li></ul><ul><li>Blood and urine tests   </l...
x-ray CHEST CANCER CT scan
<ul><li>Biopsy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needle biopsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endoscopic biopsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
The image of the normal colon tissue, at left, shows well-formed oval-shaped glands, evenly lined with a single, organized...
<ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Hormonal Therapy </li...
CANCER PREVENTION <ul><li>4 Steps to Reduce Risk </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 1 : Do not use tobacco - Smoking has been linked t...
<ul><li>STEP 2 : Eat a variety of healthy foods - Eat an abundance of foods from plant-based sources - 5 or more servings ...
<ul><li>Acute leukemia </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroblastoma  </li></ul><ul><li>Central nervous system malignancies  </li></ul><...
IMMUNE CELLS VS CANCER <ul><li>Electron microscopy images of clusters of T- Lymphocytes attacking the cancer cell at the c...
<ul><li>The cancer cell is being flattened and killed by the T-Lymphocytes.The immune system is victorious in the battle. ...
<ul><li>Kriyas </li></ul><ul><li>Jala Neti </li></ul><ul><li>Sutra Neti </li></ul><ul><li>Vaman Dhouti </li></ul>INTEGRATE...
<ul><li>Breathing practices </li></ul><ul><li>Hands in and out breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Hands stretch breathing </li></...
<ul><li>Yogasanas </li></ul><ul><li>Ustrasana </li></ul><ul><li>Bhujangasana </li></ul><ul><li>Viparitakarani with wall su...
<ul><li>Meditation (Dhyana Dharana) </li></ul><ul><li>OM meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclic meditation </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
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Cancer_New-edited.ppt

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Cancer_New-edited.ppt

  1. 1. YOGA THERAPY FOR CANCER
  2. 2. <ul><li>Greek term carcinoma is the medical term for a malignant tumor derived from epithelial cells. It is Celsus who translated carcinos into the Latin cancer, also meaning crab. Galen used &quot; oncos &quot; to describe all tumours, the root for the modern word oncology. </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocrates described several kinds of cancers. He called benign tumours oncos, Greek for swelling, and malignant tumours carcinos, Greek for crab or crayfish. This name comes from the appearance of the cut surface of a solid malignant tumour, with the veins stretched on all sides </li></ul>HISTORY
  3. 3. <ul><li>Oldest description and surgical treatment of cancer was discovered in Egypt and dates back to approximately 1600 B.C. </li></ul>Typical macroscopic appearance of cancer
  4. 4. <ul><li>Cancer is development of abnormal cells which uncontrollably infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer can spread throughout the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not discriminate age, race, sex or age. </li></ul><ul><li>Group of many related diseases that begin in cells. </li></ul>DEFINITION
  5. 5. <ul><li>Sometimes cells become abnormal and keep dividing to form more cells without control or order. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass of excess tissue is called a tumor. </li></ul><ul><li>Tumors can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). </li></ul><ul><li>The cells in malignant tumors invade and damage nearby tissue and organs. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to form new tumors in other parts of the body. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The 4 most common cancers : Breast, Colon, Lung, and Prostate Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers of Blood and Lymphatic Systems : </li></ul><ul><li>Hodgkin's Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Leukemias </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphomas </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Myeloma </li></ul><ul><li>Waldenström's Disease </li></ul>SITES OF CANCER
  7. 7. <ul><li>Skin cancers : </li></ul><ul><li>Malignant Melanoma </li></ul><ul><li>Skin Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers of Digestive Systems : </li></ul><ul><li>Head and Neck Cancers </li></ul><ul><li>Esophageal Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Stomach Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer of Pancreas </li></ul><ul><li>Liver Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Colon/Rectal Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Anal cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers of Urinary system : </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Bladder Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Testis Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Prostate Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers in women : </li></ul><ul><li>Breast Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Ovarian Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Gynecological Cancers </li></ul><ul><li>Choriocarcinoma </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Genetic changes </li></ul><ul><li>Mutation: Chemical carcinogens - Tobacco smoke contains over 50 carcinogens, including nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. </li></ul><ul><li>Ionizing radiation - radon gas (poorly ventilated homes), prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun . </li></ul><ul><li>Viral or bacterial infection - human papillomavirus, hepatitis B & C virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and human T-lymphotropic virus. </li></ul>CAUSES
  9. 9. <ul><li>Hormonal imbalances - Eg. hyperestrogenic states in promoting endometrial cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Immune system dysfunction - AIDS, Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and HPV-associated anal cancer and cervical cancer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Family history </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic predisposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation exposure. </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Long term hormone therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul>RISK FACTORS
  11. 11. <ul><li>Local symptoms : Lump, hemorrhage, pain, ulceration, pressure symptoms in late stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of metastasis : enlarged lymph nodes, cough/hemoptysis, hepatomegaly, bone pain, fracture of affected bones and neurological symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic symptoms : weight loss, poor appetite, fatigue and wasting, excessive sweating (night sweats), anemia. </li></ul>SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  12. 12. STAGES OF CANCER <ul><li>Describes the extent or severity of an individual cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing the stage of the disease helps in treatment and estimate prognosis. </li></ul><ul><li>TNM staging system is based on the extent of the tumor (T), spread to lymph nodes (N), and metastasis (spread to other parts of the body) (M). </li></ul><ul><li>Most cancers can be described as stage I - IV. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical exams, imaging procedures, laboratory tests, pathology reports. </li></ul>
  13. 13. DIAGNOSING CANCER <ul><li>Medical history, physical and histological exam </li></ul><ul><li>Blood and urine tests </li></ul><ul><li>Imaging techniques: for location, size and spread of cancer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>X-ray </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computerized tomography (CT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultrasound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radionuclide scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positron emission tomography (PET) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. x-ray CHEST CANCER CT scan
  15. 15. <ul><li>Biopsy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needle biopsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endoscopic biopsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical biopsy </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The image of the normal colon tissue, at left, shows well-formed oval-shaped glands, evenly lined with a single, organized layer of cells indicated by arrows. The image of the cancerous colon tissue, in contrast, shows highly disorganized cancer cells stacked upon each other in an apparently random fashion.
  17. 17. <ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Hormonal Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Immunotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Bone Marrow Transplantation [BMT] </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Pain Management </li></ul><ul><li>Palliative Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Stem cell transplant </li></ul>TREATMENT
  18. 18. CANCER PREVENTION <ul><li>4 Steps to Reduce Risk </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 1 : Do not use tobacco - Smoking has been linked to several types of cancer, including: Bladder, Cervix, Esophagus, Kidney, Lip, Lung, Mouth, Pancreas, Throat, Voice box (larynx). </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>STEP 2 : Eat a variety of healthy foods - Eat an abundance of foods from plant-based sources - 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables daily, whole grains and beans. Limit fat. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 3 : Get immunized - Hepatitis B increases the risk of liver cancer. Vaccination for newborn. Certain high-risk adults need to be vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 4 : Regular screening and self-examination. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Acute leukemia </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroblastoma </li></ul><ul><li>Central nervous system malignancies </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroblastoma. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilms' tumor </li></ul><ul><li>Lymphomas </li></ul><ul><li>Rhabdomyosarcoma (arising from muscle) </li></ul><ul><li>Retinoblastoma </li></ul><ul><li>Osteosarcoma </li></ul><ul><li>Ewing's sarcoma. </li></ul>CHILD CANCER
  21. 21. IMMUNE CELLS VS CANCER <ul><li>Electron microscopy images of clusters of T- Lymphocytes attacking the cancer cell at the center </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The cancer cell is being flattened and killed by the T-Lymphocytes.The immune system is victorious in the battle. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Kriyas </li></ul><ul><li>Jala Neti </li></ul><ul><li>Sutra Neti </li></ul><ul><li>Vaman Dhouti </li></ul>INTEGRATED YOGA MODULE
  24. 24. <ul><li>Breathing practices </li></ul><ul><li>Hands in and out breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Hands stretch breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Ankle stretch breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Straight leg raise breathing (Alternate legs) </li></ul><ul><li>Suksma Vyayama (strengthening exercises) </li></ul><ul><li>Manibandha sakti vikasaka (wrists) </li></ul><ul><li>Karapristha sakti vikasaka (back of hands) </li></ul><ul><li>Kaphoni sakti vikasana (elbows) </li></ul><ul><li>Griva sakti vikasaka – I (neck) </li></ul><ul><li>Griva sakti vikasaka – II (neck) </li></ul><ul><li>Kati sakti vikasaka – I (back) </li></ul><ul><li>Kati sakti vikasaka – II (back) </li></ul><ul><li>Netra sakti vikasaka (eyes) </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Yogasanas </li></ul><ul><li>Ustrasana </li></ul><ul><li>Bhujangasana </li></ul><ul><li>Viparitakarani with wall support </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relaxation technique (DRT) </li></ul><ul><li>Pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>Kapalabhati </li></ul><ul><li>Vibhaga pranayama (Sectional breathing) </li></ul><ul><li>Surya Anuloma </li></ul><ul><li>Chandra Anuloma </li></ul><ul><li>Nadi suddhi </li></ul><ul><li>Sitali/Sitkari/Sadanta pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>Bhramari </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Meditation (Dhyana Dharana) </li></ul><ul><li>OM meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclic meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced meditation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Pranic energisation technique (PET) </li></ul><ul><li>Mind imagery technique (MIRT) </li></ul><ul><li>Mind sound resonance technique (MSRT) </li></ul><ul><li>Mastering the emotions technique (MEMT) </li></ul><ul><li>Vijnana sadhana kausala (VISAK) </li></ul><ul><li>Anandamrta sincana (ANAMS) </li></ul>

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