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ADHD

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ADHD

  1. 1. ADHD Through The Life Cycle
  2. 4. ADHD Through The Life Cycle: Myths About ADHD <ul><li>1) Only affects children </li></ul><ul><li>2) Disappears in adolescence </li></ul><ul><li>3) Does not affect adults </li></ul><ul><li>4) Ritalin has paradoxical effects in </li></ul><ul><li>children not in adults </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>5) Consequently it does not work in adults </li></ul><ul><li>6) Dangerous drug because possibility of </li></ul><ul><li>addiction </li></ul>
  4. 6. ADHD Through The Life Cycle History of the Disorder <ul><li>First called minimal brain damage </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards called minimal brain dysfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Next called ADD </li></ul><ul><li>Finally called ADHD </li></ul>
  5. 7. ADHD Through The Life Cycle Etiology of the Disorder <ul><li>ADHD is a genetic disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Involves possibly several genes </li></ul><ul><li>They have a tendency to segregate together </li></ul><ul><li>This may mean they are close to one another </li></ul>
  6. 8. ADHD Through The Life Cycle Etiology of the Disorder <ul><li>Runs in families </li></ul><ul><li>Manifests itself with different degrees of </li></ul><ul><li>severity in a given generation </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest itself with different degrees of </li></ul><ul><li>severity in each one of the various generations </li></ul>
  7. 9. ADHD Through The Life Cycle Some General Characteristics <ul><li>Some have learning disabilities (5-10%) </li></ul><ul><li>Some have soft neurological signs </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for Tourette’s disorder </li></ul><ul><li>1 or 2% may be co-morbid with BD </li></ul><ul><li>As they grow older can become ODD, CD etc </li></ul>
  8. 10. ADHD Through The Life Cycle Some General Characteristics <ul><li>Lack of social skills, unpopular, need to be first </li></ul><ul><li>Needs are imperative, now, can not wait </li></ul><ul><li>Lower threshold for stimuli (ADHD a misnomer) </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a problem, reversal of letters etc </li></ul>
  9. 11. ADHD Through The Life Cycle Symptoms In Children <ul><li>Distractability, inability to pay attention </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperactivity (more in boys than girls) </li></ul><ul><li>Impulsivity (doing things without thinking of </li></ul><ul><li>the consequences) </li></ul><ul><li>I will add irritability (very short fuses) </li></ul>

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