The electricity generated in 2011 was 57.6% hydroelectricity, 18.4% natural gas, 13.4% geothermal, 4.7% coal, 4.5% wind, <0.1% oil, and 1.5% other sources.   About 10,000 MW installed capacity about 10MWh e use pp pa Residential consumption (% of total) 34.3% Industrial consumption (% of total) 40.6% Commercial and public consumption (% of total) 25.0% 19US c/h average cost
The Government introduced the Emissions Trading Scheme ( ETS ) in July 2010, which puts a price on greenhouse gases to provide an incentive to reduce emissions. Since 1 July 2010, suppliers of liquid fossil fuels have had obligations to pay for carbon emissions under the ETS. These obligations have been passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices. This incentivises energy efficiency improvements and alternative fuel options. It has put in place a grants programme for production of New Zealand biodiesel to put it on the same favourable financial footing as bioethanol. The Government has also exempted electric vehicles from road user charges until 2013 to encourage uptake. The Government is making significant investments in transport infrastructure, including for public transport, cycling and walking, that will enable and encourage energy efficient transport choices. Examples include $1.6 billion on upgrading and electrifying the Auckland metro rail system, and a further $485 million for Wellington passenger rail. The Government objective for petroleum is to ensure New Zealand is a highly attractive global destination for petroleum exploration and production investment, such that we are able to develop the full potential of our petroleum resources. In November 2009 the Government released its Petroleum Action Plan to focus work over 2010 and beyond. In time it is hoped this will improve our net position and reduce our dependence on imported oil.
Funding is available for over 180,000 houses over 4 years = only around 15% of the houses that are probably in need of insulation in NZ. Still, in 2008-9 only around 20,000 low income retrofits were completed in total. All homeowners – including landlords – with houses built before the year 2000 can get 33% off the cost of installing ceiling and underfloor insulation, and other insulating measures up to $1,300. When the house has been insulated to the specified level, funding of $500 is available towards a clean heating system. A Community Services Card holder (low income) can get 60% off the total cost of insulation. Funding of $1,200 is available towards a clean heating system. Third Party Funding can increase the total subsidy to 100%.
Talk at Linköping University
New Zealand’s EnergyProfile and a new IEA DSM Task Dr Sea Rotmann, Operating Agent IEA DSM Task XXIV
NZ Energy - Overview - NZ Energy resources are extensive - Long country (1600km), 2 islands, most generation in the South, most consumption in the North - Market deregulated since 1984
New Zealand electricity - overviewMinistry of Economic Development 2011
New Zealand energy - overview Ministry of Economic Development 2011
New Zealand energy strategy- 90% renewables by 2025- 55PJ energy savings by 2015- 10% energy consumption reductionper staff member in the publicservice (cf 2008/09)- Extend MEPS/MEPL
New Zealand energy - domestic policies overview domestic policies overview• The Government takes the view that while we are going to require fossil fuels for the foreseeable future, there are actions we can take now to reduce our dependence on oil and facilitate a transition to alternative sources of energy.• These actions include:- New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme- Encouraging entry of biofuels and electric vehicles to the NZ market- Investment in public transport infrastructure; and- The Petroleum Action PlanMinistry of Economic Development 2011
New Zealand oil & petroleumMinistry of Economic Development 2011
Warm Up New Zealand: Heat Smart• A government programme providing house owners and tenants with grants for insulation and clean heat• Funding is available for approx 180,000 houses over 4 years, worth > €150m• All homeowners can get 33% off the cost of installing ceiling and underfloor insulation, and other insulating measures up to NZ$1,300• A low income household can get 60% off the total cost of insulation, not incl third party funding• In some regions local organisations, incl district health boards, contribute additional third party funding for low income groups
IEA DSM TASK XXIV Closing the Loop -Behaviour Change in DSM: From Theory to Practice Dr Sea Rotmann & Dr Ruth Mourik (Co-Operating Agents)
Background to IEA DSM Implementing Agreement• The Demand-Side Management (DSM) Implementing Agreement (IA) started in 1993.• One of more than 40 co-operative energy technology programmes within the International Energy Agency (IEA).• The DSM IA is an international collaboration of 14 countries.• DSM offers solutions to problems such as load management, load shifting, energy efficiency, strategic conservation and related activities.• The work is organised through a series of Tasks.• Work is reported in publications.• The IA is managed by an Executive Committee (ExCo).
What is DSM? What is Behaviour Change?• DSM refers to all changes that originate from the demand (energy user) side.• Reduce the demand for energy (conservation) and shift demand from peak periods to off-peak periods (load-management).• Goal is to achieve large scale energy efficiency improvements usually by deployment of improved technologies.• It is estimated that up to 30% of energy demand is locked in the so-called ‘behavioural wedge’.• This ‘wedge’ includes people’s energy-using habits, as well as their purchasing decisions of energy (in)efficient technologies.• The ‘market failure’ of energy efficiency is often due to the vagaries of human behaviour and choice, not a lack of energy efficient or demand-managing technologies.• We believe that a better understanding of human behaviour in energy use is key to achieving a successful transition to a sustainable energy system.
Premise for Task XXIVThe underlying proposition is that the energy efficiency gapresults from:- Complexities of human behaviour- Insufficient sharing of results- Limited transfer to the policy domain to inform real-life interventions;- Failure to use monitoring and evaluation tools that show ongoing behaviour change outcomes;- Absence of clear recommendations and guidelines==> Although there is a lot of general knowledge and small·case studies for these issues, there is limited information
Objectives of Task XXIV1. Creating and enabling international expert network interactingwith countries’ expert networks2. Provide a helicopter overview of behaviour change models,frameworks, disciplines, contexts, monitoring and evaluationmetrics3. Provide detailed assessments of successful applicationsfocussing on participating/sponsoring countries’ needs (smartmeters, SMEs, transport?)4. Create internationally validated monitoring and evaluationtemplate5. Break down silos, enable mutual learning on how to turn
In one sentence, we want to:Tell a new DSM behaviour change story that breaks throughinter/national silos and comes up with solutions that createreal change......and to make sure it is not whether a change will happen buthow fast
Scope 5- Expert platform 1- Helicopter view 2- 3- 4- of models, In depth analysis Evaluation tool for Country-specific frameworks, in areas of stakeholders project ideas, contexts, case greatest need action plans and studies and pilot projects evaluation metricsIt is critical to draw as wide a research scope as is manageableand to involve as many experts and country case studies aspossible - But only for Subtasks 1 & 3. Then we focus on veryspecific needs and issues relevant to the participating/sponsoringcountries.
1World Map ofParticipating and interested countries and potential sponsors
Deliverables• D0: Advisory committee of stakeholders from ExCo, IEA, research, commercial, community, policy and end user sectors providing strategic guidance.• D1: Social platform and meeting place for DSM and behaviour change experts and implementers. Hope to include wide range of social media tools to foster greatest ability to interact, share and discuss. ‘Matchmaking’ service to enable trans-national, inter-disciplinary teams of experts and end users to collaborate and bid for funding.• D2: Database and Wiki of all collected case studies, best practice, models, frameworks, definitions, contexts, references etc.• D3: Surveys and post-evaluation of detailed case studies in priority areas.• D4: Tool to evaluate ‘successful outcomes’ for variety of stakeholders (political, policy, community, industry, end user).• D5: Action plans, priority research areas and ideas for pilots and projects for participating countries and stakeholders.